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Full text of "The "manuscript story" of Reverend Solomon Spalding : or, "Manuscript found" : from a verbatim copy of the original now in the Library of Oberlin College, Ohio : including correspondence touching the manuscript, its preservation and transmission until it came into the hands of the publishers"

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The Mbyinscript Found 



Manuscript Story, 

Reverend Solomon Spalding; 

Manuscript Found. 

; i 

From a verbatim copy of the original now in the Library ofOberlin College. 

Ohio; including correspondence touching the Manuscript, its 

preservation and transmission until it came into Iht 

hands of the publishers. 


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of Latter Day Saints. 




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A Verbatim Copy from tHe Original. 

HEREWITH we present to the reader the notorious 
"Manuscript Story" ["Manuscript Found"], of the 
Reverend Solomon Spalding. What gives this docu 
ment prominence is the fact that for the past fifty 
years it has been made to do ducy by the opposers of 
the Book of Mormon as the source, the root, and the 
inspiration, by and from which Joseph Smith and 
Sydney Rigdon wrote the Book of Mormon. It has 
been popularly and persistently claimed that the 
plan, subject matter, including prominent names and 
localites, history of the origin of the aboriginal races 
of America, with their arts and sciences, civilizations 
and customs, were identical in this "Manuscript 
Found" and in the Book of Mormon. Thousands 
have believed this false and foolish statement, with 
out giving its truth or falsity an hour s fair and 
unprejudiced investigation, and then fought the book 
and the church with a readinesc and a zeal almost 
without a parallel. And now that this veritable 
"Manuscript Found," with an unbroken chain of 
evidence proving its identity and running back to 
E. D. Howe, D. P. Hurlbut, Spalding s "old trunk," 
and so back to Pittsburg, Conneaut, and to the very 
pen of Solomon Spalding, has by the providence of 
God been furnished us, and that, too, by those not of 
the church, we take pleasure in exhibiting in the 


sunlight of solid facts, this hob -goblin of the pulpit, 
this "nigger-in-the-woodpile" of the press and the 
forum, that with which they have fooled and fright 
ened the masses and blinded those inquiring into the 
origin and character of the Book of Mormon. 

This seeming huge hindrance and insurmountable 
obstacle which is always thrown in the way of the 
investigator with all the skill and power that craft 
and cunning and malice and fear and blind zeal can 
invent and command, vanishes from the presence of 
this original witness in the case; for when it speaks 
it reveals the flimsiness and falsity of the claim that 
it was in any way or in any sense the origin of the 
Book of Mormon, or that there is the least likeness 
between the two. This newly found "missing link" 
completes the chain of evidence which proves that 
the "Manuscript Found" never was and never could 
be made the occasion, cause, or germ of the Book of 

Mr. Spalding has been exalted by the opposers of 
the Latter Day Saints to the very pinnacle of fame, 
as a very learned, very moral, and very pious man. 
It is fortunate that his true measure and worth in 
respect to his learning, his morals, and his piety, is 
now furnished us in this "Manuscript Story." God 
judges men by their works, and it is wise for men to 
judge of each other after this manner. And when 
we estimate Mr. Spalding by the character of his 
work as exhibited in this document, we must grade 
him down to a very low level, whether in respect to 
scholarship, mental power, moral purity, or pious 
attainments and tendencies. 


The following correspondence explains the man 
ner in which the manuscript was preserved and 
placed in the hands of the present publishers. 

The following from the Bibliotheca Sacra was 
republished in many leading journals east and west, 
among them the Herald of Grinnell, Iowa; the 
Western Watchman, Eureka, California; the New 
York Observer, and Frank Leslie s Sunday Maga 

"The theory of the origin of the Book of Mormon in the tra 
ditional manuscript of Solomon Spaulding, will probably have 
to be relinquished. That manuscript is doubtless now in the 
possession of Mr. L. L. Rice, of Honolulu. Hawaiian Islands, 
formerly an anti-slavery editor in Ohio, and for many years 
State Printer, at Columbus. During a r cent visit to Honolulu, 
I iOggested to Mr. Rice that he might have valuable anti-slav 
ery documents in his possession, which he would be willing to 
contribute to the rich collection already in the Oberlin College 
Library. In pursuance of this suggestion, Mr. Rice began look 
ing over his old pamphlets and papers, and at length came upon 
an old, worn, and faded manuscript of about one hundred and 
seventy-five pages, small quarto, purporting to be a history of 
the migrations and conflicts of the ancient Indian Tribes, which 
occupied the territory now belonging to the States of New York, 
Ohio, and Kentucky. On the last page of this manuscript is a 
certificate and signature, giving the names of several persons 
known to the signer, who have assured him that to their per 
sonal knowledge the manuscript was the writing of Solomon 
Spaulding. Mr. Rice has no recollection how or when this 
manuscript came into his possession. It was enveloped in a 
coarse piece of wrapping paper, and endorsed in Mr. Rice s 
handwriting, A Manuscript Story.* 

"There seems no reason to doubt that this is the long-lost 
story. Mr. Rice, myself, and others, compared it with the Book 
of Mormon, and could detect no resemblance between the two, 


in general or in detail. There seems" to be no name or incident 
common to the two. The solemn style of the Book of Mormon, 
in imitation of the English Scriptures, does not appear in the 
manuscript. The only resemblance is in the fact that both pro 
fess to set forth the history of lost tribes. Some other explana 
tion of the origin of the Book of Mormon must be found, if any 
explanation is required." Signed, James H. Fairchild. 

The letter below was written in answer to our sug 
gestion that the Manuscript b sent for safe keeping 
to some Historical Society in Chicago, Illinois. 

HONOLULU, Sandwich Islands, March 28, 1885. 

The Spaulding Manuscript in my possession came into my 
hands in this wise. In 1839-40 my partner and myself bought of 
E. D. Howe the Painesville Telegraph, published at Painesville, 
Ohio. The transfer of the printing department, types, press, 
&c., was accompanied with a large collection, of books, manu 
scripts, &c., this manuscript of Spaulding among the rest. So, 
you see, it has been in my possession over forty years. But I 
never examined it, or knew the character of it, until some six or 
eight months since. The wrapper was marked, "Manuscript 
Story Conneaut Creek." The wonder is, that in some of my 
movements, I did not destroy or burn it with a large amount of 
rubbish that had accumulated from time to time. 

It happened that President Fairchild was here on a visit, at 
the time I discovered the contents of it, and it was examined by 
him and others with much curiosity. Since President Fairchild 
published the fact of its existence in my possession, I have had 
applications for it from half a dozen sources, each applicant 
seeming to think that he or she was entitled to it. Mr. Howe 
says when he was getting up a book to expose Mormonism as a 
fraud at an early day, when the Mormons had their headquar 
ters at Kirtland, he obtained it from some source, and it was 
inadvertently transferred with the other effects of his printing 
office. A. B. Deming, of Painesville, who is also getting up 
some kind of a book I believe on Mormonism, wants me to send 
it to him. Mrs. Dickinson, of Boston, claiming to be a relative 


of Spaulding, and who is getting up a book to show that he was 
the real author of the Book of Mormon, wants it. She thinks, 
at least, it should be sent to Spaulding s daughter, a Mrs. Some 
bodybut she does not inform me where she lives. Doming 
says that Howe borrowed it when he was getting up his book, 
and did not return it, as he should have done, etc. 

This Manuscript does not purport to be "a story of the Indians 
formerly occupying this continent;" but is a history of the wars 
between the Indians of Ohio and Kentucky, and their progress 
in civilization, etc. It is certain that this Manuscript is not the 
origin of the Mormon Bible, whatever some other manuscript 
may have been. The only similarity between them, is, in the 
manner in which each purports to have been found one in a 
cave on Conneaut Creek the other in a hill in Ontario County, 
New York. There is no identity of names, of persons, or places; 
and there is no similarity of style between them. As I told Mr. 
Deming, I should as soon think the Book of Revelations was 
written by the author of Don Quixote, as that the writer of this 
Manuscript was the author of the Book of Mormon. Deming 
says Spaulding made three copies of "Manuscript Found," one 
of which Sidney Rigdon stole from a printing-office in Pitts- 
burg. You can probably tell better than I can, what ground 
there is for such an allegation. 

As to this Manuscript, I can not see that it can be of any use 
to any body, except the Mormons, to show that IT is not the 
original of the Mormon Bible. But that would not settle the 
claim that some other manuscript of Spaulding was the original 
of it. I propose to hold it in my own hands for a while, to see if 
it can not be put to some good use. Deming aad Howe inform 
me that its existence is exciting great interest in that region. I 
am under a tacit, but not a positive pledge to President Fair- 
child, to deposit it eventually in the Library of Oberlin College. 
I shall be free from that pledge, when I see an opportunity to 
put it to a better use. Yours, etc., 

L. L. RICE. 

P. S. Upon reflection, since writing the foregoing, I am of 
the opinion that no one who reads this Manuscript will give 
credit to the story that Solomon Spaulding was in any wise the 


author of the Book of Mormon. It is unlikely that any one who 
wrote so elaborate a work as the Mormon Bible, would spend his 
time in getting up so shallow a story as this, which at best is but 
a feeble imitation of the other. Finally I am more than half 
convinced that this is his only writing of the sort, and that any 
pretence that Spaulding was in any sense the author of the 
other, is a sheer fabrication. It was easy for anybody who 
may have seen this, or heard anything of its contents, to get up 
the story that they were identical. L. L. R. 

HONOLULU, Sandwich Islands, 

May 14, 1885. 

Dear Sir: I am greatly obliged to you for the information con 
cerning Mormonism, in your letters of April 30 and May 2. As 
I am in no sense a Mormonite, of course it is a matter of curi 
osity, mainly, that I am interested in the history of Mormonism. 

Two things are true concerning this manuscript in my posses 
sion: First, it is a genuine writing of Solomon Spaulding; and 
second, it is not the original of the Book of Mormon. 

My opinion is, from all I have seen and learned, that this is 
the only writing of Spaulding, and there is no foundation for 
the statement of Deming and others, that Spaulding made 
another story, more elaborate, of which several copies were 
written, one of which Rigdon stole from a printing-office in 
Pittsburg, etc. Of course I can not be as certain of this, as of 
the other two points. One theory is, that Rigdon, or some one 
else, saw this manuscript, or heard it read, and from the hints 
it conveyed, got up the other and more elaborate writing on 
which the Book of Mormon was founded. Take that for what 
it is worth. It don t seem to me very likely. 

You may be at rest as to my putting the manuscript into the 
possession of any one who will mutilate it, or use it for a bad 
purpose. I shall have it deposited in the Library of Oberlin 
College, in Ohio, to be at the disposal for reading of any one 
who may wish to peruse it; but not to be removed from that 
depository. My friend, President Fairchild, may be relied on as 
security for the safe-keeping of it. It will be sent there in July, 


by a friend who is going there to "take to himself a wife." 
Meantime, I have made a literal copy of the entire document- 
errors of orthography, grammar, erasures, and all which I shall 
keep in my possession, so that any attempt to mutilate it will be 
of easy detection and exposure. Oberlin is a central place, in 
the vicinity of Conneaut, where the manuscript was written. 

I have had an idea, sometimes, that it is due to the Mormons 
to have a copy of it, if they took interest in it enough to publish 
it. As it is only of interest as showing that it is not the original 
of the Book of Mormon, no one else is likely to wish it for pub 

Miss Dickinson, whom you call a granddaughter of Solomon 
Spaulding, represents herself to me as his grandniece: "My 
great uncle, Rev. Solomon Spaulding," she writes. 

Rev. Dr. Hyde, President of the Institution, in this place, for 
training Native Missionaries for Micranesia, (a very prominent 
and successful institution), has written an elaborate account of 
this manuscript, and of Mormonism, and sent it for publication 
in the Congregalionalist, of Boston. I presume it will be pub 
lished, and you will be interested in reading it. 

Very respectfully, yours, 

L. L. RICE. 

In a postscript Mr. Rice says he found the follow 
ing endorsement on the Manuscript: 

"The writings of Solomon Spaulding proved by Aron Wright, 
Oliver Smith, John N. Miller and others. The testimonies of 
the above gentlemen are now in my possession. 

(Signed) D. P. HURLBUT." 


HONOLULU, H. I., June 12, 1885. 

Herewith I send to you the Solomon Spalding Manuscript, to 
be deposited in the Library of Oberlin College, for reference by 
any one who may be desirous of seeing or examining it. As a 
great deal of inquiry has been made about it since it became 


known that it was in my possession, I deem it proper that it be 
deposited for safe keeping, where any one interested in it, 
whether Mormon or Anti-Mormon, may examine it. It has 
been in my possession forty-six years from 1839 to 1885 and 
for forty-four years of that time no one examined it, and I was 
not aware of the character of its contents. I send it to you 
enclosed in the same paper wrapper, and tied with the same 
string that must have enclosed it for near half a century cer 
tainly during the forty-six years since it came into my posses 
sion. I have made and retain in my possession a correct literal 
copy of it, errors of orthography, of grammar, erasures and all. 
I may allow the Mormons of Utah to print it from this copy, 
which they are anxious to do; and a delegation is now in the 
Islands, awaiting my decision on this point. They claim that 
they are entitled to whatever benefit they may derive from its 
publication; and it seems to me there is some justice in that 
claim. Whether it will relieve them in any measure, from the 
imputation that Solomon Spalding was the author of the Book 
of Mormon, I do not attempt to decide. It devolves upon their 
opponents to show that there are or were other writings of 
Spalding since it is evident that this writing is not the original 
of the Mormon Bible. 

Truly, yours, etc., 

L. L. RICE. 

F. S. The words "Solomon Spaulding s Writings" in ink 
on the wrapper were written by me, after I became aware of 
the contents. The words "Manuscript Story Conneaut 
Creek," in faint penciling, were as now when it came into my 

OBERLIN COLLEGE, Oberlin, Ohio. 

July 23, 1885. 

I have this day delivered to Mr. E. L. Kelley a copy of the 
Manuscript of Solomon Spaulding, sent from Honolulu by Mr. 
L. L. Rice, to the Library of Oberlin College, for safe-keeping, 
and now in my care. The copy was prepared at Mr. Kelley s 
request, under my supervision, and is, as I believe, an exact 


;ranscript of the original manuscript, including erasures, mis 
spellings, etc. JAS. H. FAIRCHILD, 

Prest. of Oberlin College. 

KIRTLAND, Ohio, July 24, 1885. 
PRES. W. W. BLAIR, Lamoni, Iowa: 

Herewith I transmit to you the copy of the Spaulding Manu 
script prepared by President Fairchild as attested by him, 
together with his certificate, and photograph sheets. 


Words and sentences underlined were stricken out In the Manuscript. 
Places marked thus the copy was Illegible. 


NEAR the west Bank of the Coneaught River there 
are the remains of an ancient fort. As I was walk 
ing and forming various conjectures respecting the 
character situation & numbers of those people who 
far exceeded the present Indians in works of art and 
inginuety, I hapned to tread on a flat stone. This 
was at a small distance from the fort, <fe it lay on the 
top of a great small mound of Earth exactly horizon 
tal. The face of it had a singular appearance. I 
discovered a number of characters, which appeared 
to me to be letters, but so much effaced by the rav 
ages of time, that I could not read the inscription. 
With the assistance of a leaver I raised the stone. 

But you may easily conjecture my astonishment 
when I discovered that its ends and sides rested on 
stones & that it was designed as a cover to an arti- 


ficial Cave. I found by examining that its sides were 

lined with stones built in a connical form with 

down, & that it was about eight feet deep. Deter 
mined to investigate the design of this extraordinary 
work of antiquity, I prepared myself with the neces 
sary requisites for that purpose and descended to the 
Bottom of the Cave. Observing one side to be per 
pendicular nearly three feet from the bottom, I began 
to inspect that part with accuracy. Here I noticed a 
big flat stone fixed in the form of a doar. I immedi 
ately tore it down and Lo, a cavity within the wall 
presented itself it being about three feet in diamiter 
from side to side and about two feet high. Within 
this cavity I found an earthern Box with a cover which 
shut it perfectly tite. The Box was two feet in length 
one & half in breadth & one & three inches in diame 
ter. My mind filled with awful sensations which 
crowded fast upon me would hardly permit my hands 
to remove this venerable deposit, but curiosity soon 
gained the assendency & the box was taken & raised 
to open it. When I had removed the Cover I found 
that it contained twenty-eight rolls of parchment-&- 
that when - - - appeared to be manuscrips written in 
eligant hand with Roman Letters & in the Latin Lan 

They were written on a variety of Subjects. But 
the Roll which principally attracted my attention 
contained a history of the author s life & that part 
of America which extends along the great Lakes & 
the waters of the Mississippy. 

Extracts of the most interesting and important mat- 


ters contined in this Roll I take the liberty to pub 

Gentle Reader, tread lightly on the ashes of the 
venerable dead. Thou must know that this Country 
was once inhabited by great and powerful nations 
considerably civilized & skilled in the arts of war, <t 
that on ground where thou now treadeat many a 
bloody Battle hath been fought, & heroes by thou 
sands have been made to bite the dust. 

In the history given of these nations by my author 
you will find nothing 1 but what will mi-respond with 
the natural sentiments we should form on viewing the 
innumerable remains of antiquity which are scattered 
OYer an extensive Country. This is an evidence of 
the author s impartiality and veracity. But if any 
should pretend that the whole story is fictitious or 

To publish a translation of every particular cir 
cumstance mentioned by our author would produce a 
volume too expensive for the general class of readers, 
But should this attempt to throw off the veil which 
has seculded our view from the transactions o nations 
who for ages have been extinct, meet the approbation 
of the public, I shall then be happy to gratify the 
more inquisitive and learned part of my readers by 
a more minute publication. Apprehensive that skep 
tical illiberal or superstitous minds may censure this 
performance with great accrimony I have only to 
remark that they will be deprived of. a great fund of 
entertainment - - - of a contrary disposition will 


obtain. My compassion will be excited more than 
my resentment and there the contest will end. 

Now, Gentle Reader, the Translator who wishes 
well to thy present and thy future existence entreats 
thee to peruse this volume with a clear head a pure 
heart and a candid mind. If thou shalt then find 
that thy head and thy heart are both improved it will 
afford him more satisfaction than the approbation of 
ten thousand who have received no benefit. 

And now permit me to admonish thee that if thou 
shouldst reside in or travil thro* any part of the 



As IT is possible that in some future age this part 
of the Earth will be inhabited by Europians & a his 
tory of its present inhabitants would be a valuable 
acquisition I proceed to write one & deposit it in a 
box secured - - - so that the ravages of time will 
have no effect upon it that you may know the author 
I will give a succint account of his life and of the 
cause of his arival which I have extracted from a 
manuscript which will be deposited with this history. 

My name was is Fabius The family name I sustain 
is Fabius, being decended from the illustrious general 
of that name. I was born at Rome & received 
my education under the tuition of a very Learned 
Master. At the time that Constantine arived at that 
city and had overcome his enimies & and was firmly 


seated on the throne of the Roman empire I was 
introduced to him as a young Gentleman of genius 
and learning & as bevig worthy of the favourable 
notice of his imperial majesty. He gave me the 
appointment of one of his secritaries, & such were 
the gracious intimations which he frequently gave 
me of his high approbation of my conduct that I was 
happy in my station. 

One day he says to me Fabius you must go to 
Brittian & carry an important - - - to the general of 
our army there - - - sail in a vessel & return when 
she returns. Preparation was made instantly and we 
sailed - - - The vessel laden with provisions for the 
army - - - Cloath -knives and other impliments for 
their use had now arived near the coast of Britain 
when a tremendous storm arose & drove us into the 
midst of the boundless Ocean. Soon the whole crew 
became lost & bewildered. They knew not the direc 
tion for to the rising Sun or polar Star, for the heav 
ens were covered with clouds; & darkness had spread 
her sable mantle over the face of the raging deep. 
Their minds were filled with consternation and 
despair. & unanimously agreed that What could we do? 
How be exfrecated from the insatiable jaws of a 
watry tomb. Then it was that we felt our absolute 
dependence on that Almighty & gracious Being who 
holds the winds & floods in - - hands. From him 
alone could we expect deliverance. To him our most 
fervent desires assended. Prostrate <fc on bended 
nees we poured forth incessant Supplication & even 
Old Ocean appeared to sympathize in our distress by 
returning the echo of our vociforos Cries & lamenta- 


tions. After being driven five days with incridable 
velocity before the furious wind the storm abated in 
its violance. but still the strong wind blew strong 
in the strong as I now believe in the same direction. 
Doubtful whether the wind had not changed her point 
we give the ship full sail & let her drive. On the 
sixth day after, the storm wholly subsided, the sun 
rose clear and the heavens once more appeared 
to smile. Inexpressible was the consternation of all 
the crew, they found themselves in the midst of a 
vast Ocean. No prospect of returning. All was 
lost. The wind blowing westwardly, & the presump 
tion was that it had been blowing in that direc 
tion during the whole of the storm. No pen can 
paint the dolorious cries & lamentations of the 
poor mariners^ for the loss of friends for the loss 
of everything they held most - - - At length a 
Mariner stept - - - the midst and proclaimed. 
Attend O friends & listen to my words. A voice from 
on high hath penetrated my soul & the inspiration of 
the Almighty hath bid me proclaim. Let your sails 
be wide spread & the gentle winds will soon waft you 
into a safe harbor, a Country where you will find 
hospitality. Quick as the lightnings flash joy 
sparkled in every countenance. A Hymn of Thanks 
giving spontaniously burst forth from their lips. In 
full confidence that the divine prediction would be 
accomplished they extoled the loving kindness and 
tender mercies of their God & promised by the assist 
ance of his grace to make ample return of Gratitude. 
On the fifth day after this we came in sight of sand, 
we entered a spacious river & continued sailing up 


the - - - many leagues until we came in view of a 
town. Every heart now palpitated with joy, <fc loud 
shouts of gladness expressed the enthusiastic trans 
ports of our souls. We anchored within a small dis 
tance from shore. Immediately the natives ran with 
apparent signs of surprize & astonishment to the bank 
of the River. After viewing us for some time, & 
receiving signs of Friendship, they appeared to hold 
a counsel for a few minutes. Their King then stept 
forward to the edge of the bank, & proffered us the 
hand of friendship, & by significant gestures invited 
us to Land, promising us protection and hospitality 
We now found ourselves once more on terra firma, & 
were conducted by the king <fe four chiefs into the 
town whilst the multitude followed after, shouting 
<fc performing many odd jesticulations. The King 
ordered an entertainment to be prepared for his new 
friends which consisted of - - - fish boiled beans 
<fc samp - - - The whole was placed under a wide- 
spreading Oak in wooden dishes A large clam shell & 
a Stone Knife were provided for each one. The king 
then came forward with about twenty of his principal 
subjects, & con seated us (being about twenty in 
number) & seated us by the side of our repast. He 
<fc his company then took seats in front. After 
waving his hand & bowing all fell to eating & a more 
delicious repast we never enjoyed. The repast being 
finished, our attention was called to a collection of 
about one thousand men & women who had formed a 
ring & invited our company to come forward into the 
midst. After gazing upon us sometime with surprize 
we were permitted to withdraw & to take our stand in 


the Ring. About forty in number then walked into 
the midle of the Ring & began a song with but a dis 
cordant and hedious modification of sounds, & such 
frantic jesticulations of body that it seemed that 
chaos had bro t her furies to set the world in an 
uproar. And an uproar it was in a short time for the 
whole company fell to dancing, shouting, whooping, 
& screaming at intervals, then dancing jumping & 
tumbling with many indescribable distortions in their 
countanance & indelicate jestures. In fact, they 
appeared more lik a company of devils than human 
Beings. This lasted about one hour. They then 
took their places in a circle & at a signal given gave 
three most tremendous whoops, they then instantly 
dispersed playing many antike capers & making such 
a confused medly of sound by skreaming, whooping, 
screaching like owls, Barking like dogs & wolves & 
bellowing croaking like Bullfrogs, that my brain 
seemed to be turned topseturvy, & for some time I 
could scarce believe that they belonged to the human 



As no alternative now remained but either to make 
the desperate attempt to return across the wide bois- 
trous Ocean, or to take up our residence in a country 
in a land of savages inhabited by savages & wild 


ferocious beasts, we did not long hesitate. We held 
a solemn treaty with the King & all the chiefs of his 
nation. They agreed to cede to us a tract of excel 
lent land on the north part of the town on which was 
six wigwams & engaged perpetual amity & hospitality 
& the protection of our lives & property. In consid 
eration of this grant we cave them fifty yards of 
scarlet cloth & fifty knives With this present they 
were highly pleased. 

Arrangements must now be made for - - - set 
tlement. Vessel & cargo had received no material 
damage & by striping the vessel of its plank we could 
erect a house in which we could deposite the whole 
cargo in safety. All hands were immediately em 
ployed, some in procuring timber which we hued on 
two sides & then locked together, some in procuring 
shingles & some in striping the vessel of its plank; & 
having a large quantity of nails on board, in ten 
days we finished a very convenient store-house, suffi 
ciently spacious to receive the whole cargo. We also 
built a small house adjoining which was to be the 
habitation of the Captain & myself. Having secured 
all our property, we then found it necessary to estab 
lish some regulations for the government of our little 
society. The Captain whose name was Lucian & 
myself were appointed judges in all matters of con 
troversy & managers of the public property to make 
bargains with i/he natives & barter such articles as 
we did not need for necessaries. As we all professed 
The next thing to be done was to to believe in the 
religion of ^Jesus Christ we unanimously chose Tro- 


janus, the mate of the ship, a pious good man to be 
our minister, to lead our devotions every morning & 
evening & on the Lords day 

But now a most singular & delicate subject pre 
sented itself for consideration. Seven young women 
we had on board as passenjers to viset certain friends 
in Brittian. Three of them were ladies of rank & the 
rest were healthy bucksom lassies. Whilst deliber 
ating on this subject a mariner arose whom we called 
Droll Tom Hark ye, shipmates says he. Whilst 
tossed on the foming billows what brave son of 
Neptune had any more regard for a woman than a 
Sturgeon, but now we are all safely anchored on 
Terra firma, our sails furled & ship keeled up, I 
have a huge longing for some of those rosy dames. 
But willing to take my chance with my shipmates, I 
propose that they should make their choice of hus 
bands. The plan was instantly adopted. As the 
choice fell on the young women they had a consul 
tation on the subject, <fc in a short time made 
known the result. Droll Tom was rewarded for 
his benevolent proposal with one of the most 
sprightly, rosy dames in the company. Three other 
of the most cheerful, resolute mariners were chosen 
by the other three bucksom Lassies. The three 
young Ladies of rank fixed their choice on the 
Captain the Mate & myself. Happy indeed in my 
partner, I had formed^ an high esteem of the excel- 
lent qualities of her mind The young Lady who 
chose me for a partner was possessed of every 
attractive charm both of body & mind. We united 


heart A hand with the fairest prospect of enjoy 
ing every delight & gratification which are attend 
ant on the connubial state. Thus ended the affair. 
You may well conceive our singular situation. The 
six poor fellows who were doomed to live in a state 
of celibacy or accept of savage dames, discovered 
a little chagrin & anxiety. However, they consoled 
themselves with the idea of living in families, where 
they would enjoy the company of the fair sex, <fc 
be relieved from the work which belongs to the 
department of women. 

Our community might be said to be one family, 
tho we lived in separate houses situate near each 
other The property was common stock. what 
was produced by our labor was likewise to be com 
mon. All subject to the distribution of the judges, 
who were to attend to each family & to see that 
propper industry & econimy were practised by all. 

The Captain & myself, attended with our fair part 
ners & two mariners, repaired to the new habitation, 
which consisted of. two convenient apartments. 
After having partook of an elligant dinner & drank a 
bottle of excellent wine our Spirits were exhilerated 
& the deep gloom which beclouded our minds evapo 
rated. The Captain assuming his wonted cheerful 
ness, rnada the following address. "My sweet, good 
"soul d fellows, we have now commenced a new voy- 
1 age. Not such as bro t us over mountain billows to 
"this butt end of the world. No, no, our voige is on 
"dry land, <fc now we must take care that we have 
"sufficient ballast for the riging. Every hand on 
"board this ship must clasp hands & condesend to each 


"others humour. This will promote good cheer & 
"smooth the raging billows of life. Surrounded by 
"innumerable hordes of human beings, who resemble 
"in manners the Orang outang, let us keep aloof 
"from them & not embark in the same matrimonial 
"ship with them. At the same time, we will treat 
"them with good cheer & inlighten their dark souls 
"with good instruction. By continuing a different 
"people & prefering our customs, manners, religion 
"& arts & sciences & other things another Italy will 
"grow up in this wilderness, & we shall be celebrated 
"as the fathers of a great & happy nation." 

May God bless your soul, says one of the mariners, 
what would you have us do who have had the woful 
luck not to get mates, to cheer our poor souls & 
warm our bodies. Methinks I could pick out a 
healthy plum Lass from the copper colored tr;be that 
by washing & scrubing her fore & aft & upon the 
labbord & stabbord sides she would become a whole 
some bedfellow. I think, may it please your honour, 
that I could gradually pump my notions into her 
head & make her a good shipmate for the cupboard & 
as good hearted a Christian as any of your white 
damsels & upon my Soul I warrant you if we have 
children, by feeding them with good fare, & keeping 
them clean, they will be as plump & as fair & nearly 
as white as your your honours children. Upon this I 
filled the bottle with wine & observing to honest Crito 
that he was at liberty to make the experiment if he 
could find a fair - - - to his liking. I then 
expressed the the sweet pleasure I received from the 


addresses of the speakers A wished drank success to 
the new voige. All drank plentifully, & the exhil- 
eration produced the greatest cheerfulness & hilarity. 
By this time the Sun had hid his head below the 
horizon & darkness invited all the animal creation to 
sleep & rest. We retired two & two, hand in hand. 
Ladies heads a little awri, blushing like the morn <fc 
.... But I forgot to mention that our society 
passed a resolution to build a church in the in the 
midst of our vilage. 



INTEREST as well as curiosity invited an acquaint 
ance with our new neighbours. They were called in 
their Language Deliwanucks. They were Tall, bodies 
weel proportioned, strait limbs, complections of a 
brownish hue broad cheek bones, black wild roling 
eyes, & hair black & course. To strangers they were 
both - - - true to their engagements, ardent in their 
friendship, but to enimies implacable, cruel <fe bar 
barous in the extreme. Innumerable hordes of this 
description of people were scattered over an exten 
sive country, who gained their living by hunting the 
elk, the deer & a great variety of other wild animals 
by fishing & fowling & by raising corn, beans & 
squashes Shooting the arrow, flinging stones, wres 
tling, jumping, hoping, and runing were their princi 
pal amusements, & prizes would often be staked as a 
reward to the conqueror. Their cloathing consisted 
of skins dressed with the hair on, but in warm 


weather only the middle part of their bodies were 
incumbered with any covering. The one half of the 
head of the men was shaved & painted with red & the 
one half of the face was painted with black. The 
head was adorned with feathers of various kinds, & 
their ears & noses were adorned ornamented with 
rings formed formed from the sinues of certain ani 
mals, on which were suspended smooth stones of 
different coulors. Thus cloathed, thus painted, thus 
ornimented, the Deliwannuck made a most terrif 
- - - They held festivals at stated times which 
varied in the manner of conducting them, according 
to the object they had in view. At one of their 
annual festivals their ceremonies were particularly 
singular & different from any that were ever practised 
by any nation. Here a description would give us 
some idea of their religion, & would gratify the curi 
osity of an injenious mind. 

When the time arives, which is in September, the 
who whole tribe assemble. They are dressed & orni 
mented in the highest fashion. The women in par 
ticular have their garments & heads so adorned with 
feathers, shells, & wampum, that they make a very 
brilliant & grotesque appearance. The form a cir 
cle: their countanances are solemn. A Speaker 
mounts a stage in the midst. At this moment two 
Black Dogs led by two Boys & two white Dogs 
led by two young damsels enter the circle & are 
tied together. The Speaker then extended his 
hands & spoke. Hail, ye favorite children of the 
great and good Spirit, who resides in the Sun 



who 18 the father of all living, creatures & whose 
arms encircle us all around, who x^f^rida us from 
the malicious design of that great 
that pours upon us all the evils we endure He 
gives us all our meat <fe our life & causes the 
corn & the fruits to spring up & makes us to rejoice 
in his goodness. He hath prepared a delightful 
Country to receive us, if we are valiant in battle or 
are benevolent <fe good. There we can pick all 
kinds of delicious fruit, & have game & fish in 
abundance <fc our women being improved in beauty 
& sprightliness will cause our hearts to dance with 
delight. But wo unto you wicked, malicious mis 
chievous mortals. Your lot will be cast in a dark 
dreary, mirey swamp, where the malignant Spirit 
will torment you with musquetoes & serpents & will 
give you nothing to eat but toads, frogs & snails. 
But my dear friends, all hail, here is a custom 
which is sanctioned by time immemorial. Look 
steadfastly on the black dogs & let not your eyes 
be turned away, when they are thrown on the 
sacred pile <fe the flames are furiously consuming 
their bodies, then let your earnest prayer assend 
for pardon & your transgressions will flee away 
like shadows & your sins will be carried by the 
smoke into the shades of oblivion. When this sol 
emn expiatory sacrifice is ended, then prepare your 
souls to partake of the holy festival Each one will 
receive a precious morsel from these immaculate 
snow colored dogs, in token that your offences have 
all evaporated in the smoke of the holy sacrifice. 
& that you are thankful to him the benevolent 


Spirit, for the abundance of good things that you 
enjoy, & that you humbly anticipate the continu 
ance of his blessing that he will defend you against 
the evil designs of that malignant Spirit, who gives 
us gawl & wormwood, & fills our bosom with pain 
& our eyes with tears. He then proclaimed, let the 
sacred pile be erected & the solemn sacrifice per 
formed. Instantly about one hundred men come 
forward with small dry wood & bundles of dry sticks 
& having thrown them in one pile within the circle, 
they set the pile on fire. The black dogs were 
knocked on the middle head, & thrown on the 
top,- in a moment all was in a blaze & the flames 
assended in curls to heaven. The whole company 
assumed the most devout attitude & muttered in 
sounds almost inarticulate their humble confession 
& earnest requests. 

When the dogs were consumed & the fire nearly 
extinguished, the ceremonies of their sacred festival 
began. The white dogs which were very plump & 
fat were knocked on the head & their throats cut. 
Their hair was then singed off, having first their 
entrails taken out, & being suspended by the nose 
before a hot fire, they were soon roasted, thrown 
upon a long table & desected into as many pieces as 
there were persons to swallow them. The company 
immediately formed a procession, one rank of men 
the other of women, the men marching to the left & 
the women to the right of the table, each one took a 
piece & devoured it with as good a - - - if it had 
been the most delicious moreel. Having completed 
these sacred ceremonies with great solemnity, the 


whole company formed themselves into a compact 
circle round the stage ten musitians immediately 
mounted, & facing the multitude on every side sang a 
song. The tune & the musical voices of the singers 
pleased the ear, whilst the imagination was delighted 
with the poetic inginuity of the composition. The 
multitude all joined in the chorus with voice so loud 
& multifarious, that the atmosphere quaked with ter 
ror, & woods & neighbouring hills sent back by way 
of mockery, sent back the sound of their voices, 
their vociferation improved by ten -fold confusion. 
Perhaps, reader, you have the curiosity to hear the 
song. I can give you only the last stanzy & the 

"For us the sun emits his rais 
"The moon shines forth for our delight. 
"The stars shine forth extol our heroes praia 
"And warriors flee before our sight. 


"Delawan to chakee poloo 
"Manegengo forwah toloo 
"Chanepant, lawango chapah 
"Quinebogan hamboo gowah. 

The solemnities are ended & in their opinion their 
poor souls are compleatly whitewashed & every stain 
entirely effaced. A little - - - will now dissipate 
the solemnity & inspire them with cheerfulness & 
meriment. The whole tribe repair to the top of an 
hill, at one place their is a gradual slope a small dis 
tance, <fc then it desends about twenty-five feet in an 
almost perpendicular direction, at the bottom of 
which is a quagmire which is about ten feet in length. 


& the soft mud is about three feet deep. At each 
end the ground is soft, but not miry. Down this 
declivity twenty pair of very suple & sprightly young 
men & women are to desend. If by their dexterity 
& agility they escape the quagmire, a piece of wam 
pum will be the reward of each fortunate champion ; 
but if they plunge in their recompense will be the 
ridicule of the multitude. In making this desent, six 
young women & five young men by a surprizing 
dexterity in whirling their bodies as they desended, 
cleared themselves from the quagmire. The rest as 
their turn came, plunged in & came out most wofully 
muded to the great diversion of the Spectators. The 
incident which excited the most meriment, hapned 
when the last pair desended. by an unlucky spring to 
clear himself from the quagmire he bro t his body 
alongside of the declivity & roled his whole length 
into the midst of the quagmire, where he lay his 
whole length in an horizontaj^position on his back 
neither heels nor head up, but horizontally, soft & 
easy, but alas, when one unlucky event happens 
another follows close on its heals, the fair-plump 
corpulent damsel his affectionate sweetheart came 
instantly sliding with great velocity. She saw the 
woful position of her beloved. She wished him no 
harm, she raised her feet, this bro t the center of 
gravity directly over the center of his head, here she 
rested a moment, his head sunk, she sunk after him, 
his heels kicked against the wind like Jeshuran 
waxed fat, but not a word from his lips, but his ideas 
came in quick succession, tho t he, what a disgrace 
to die here in the mud under the pressure of my 


sweet heart, however his time for such reflections 
were short, the tender hearted maid collecting all her 
agility in one "effort, dismounted & found herself on 
dry land in an instant, not a moment to be lost. She 
seized her lover by one leg, & draged him from the 
mud, a curious figure extending about six feet six 
inches on the ground, all besmeared from head to 
foot, spitting, puffing, panting & struggling for 
breath. Poor man, the whole multitude laughing at 
thy calamity, shouting ridiculing, none to give thee 
consolation but thy loving & sympathetic partner 
in misfortune. 

Upon my soul, exclaims 1 >nll T>m. Stoni f<>rem<^t. 
That bouncing Lass ought to have the highest prize 
for drawing her ship from the mud. She was clean 
ing the filth from his faoe. 



Gracious God! how deplorable our situation Are we 
doomed to dwell among hordes of savages <fc be 
deprived of all intercourse with friends & the civilized 
world? & what will be the situation of our offspring? 
Will they preserve our customs <fc manners, cultivate 
the arts & sciences & maintain our holy religion; or 
i-athtT will they not rather degenerate into savages & 
by mingling with them become the most - - - race 
of beings in existence. Who can indure such reflec 
tion, such heart-rending anticipation? They pour 
upon my soul like a flood & bear me down with the 
weight of a milstone. O that my head were water, & 


my eyes a fountain of tears, Then my intolerable 
burthen should should be poured forth in a torrent & 
my soul set at liberty. But behold the light springs 
up & beams upon my soul. She brings in her train 
Hope that celestial Codes, that sure & strong anchor 
that dispenser of comfort & pleasing anticipation, & 
that dispeller of corroding grief & blank dispair. She 
bids me review the exploded reasoning of of a great 
philosopher & compare it with my own observations, 
perhaps the result will point out a safe road to the 
land of our nativity. 

Thus I reasoned respecting the solar system of 
which the earth is a part. Provided the earth is sta 
tionary according to the present system of philoso 
phy, then the sun the moon & the plannets, being at 
an immense distance from the earth, must perform 
their revolutions around her with inconceivable 
velocity; Whereas, if according to the platonio sys 
tem, the earth is a globe & the sun is stationary, then 
the earth by a moderate velocity - - - perform her 
revolutions. This scheme will represent the solar 
system as displaying the transendant wisdom of its 
Almighty architect, for in this we behold the Sun 
suspended by Onmipotence & all the plannets moving 
round him as their common center in exact order & 
harmony. In this we can easily account for days & 
nights & the diferent seasons of the year. When the 
earth presents one part of her face to the sun it is 
day, & when that part is turned from his beams it is 
night. When she varies to the South the sun shines 
upon us in a more perpendicular direction, the sun 
beams become more dense & the heat increases, as 


she turns back the heat decreases in proportion as 
this part of the earth looses its perpendicular direc 
tion, <fc to the sun & the cold becomes more intense in 
the same proportion. This account for the various 
seasons of the year appears correct & consistent & 
highly honourable to the divine perfection. 

But behold the other system. The earth firmly 
fixed on a firm foundation, perhaps a stone, some say 
on a giants back who stands on a - - - back. Its 
surface widely extends nearly horizontal, <fc its cut 
down <fc its sides cut down Btrait or perpendicular to 
the the very bottom, below which is a fathomless 
abis8. Pray, Mr. Philosopher, what man was ever 
there & looked down & what prevents the Ocean, 
u n 1 ess it is damd with earth & rooka, from pouring 
down A- loosing itsr f in this ImrnMe a)>in? IUit h<>\v 
expensive is this teraqueous surface? Indeed I am of 
opinion if this system is true, I am nearly at one end 
of it. But the hipothises is too absurd & inconsistent. 
The earth must be of a spherical form <fc a westerly 
course will lead us to the land of our nativity. Per 
haps this is a par! of the eastern foiitiiit iit, <>r 
haps only a narrow strip of the Ocean intervenes? 
On no other principle can we account for the emigra 
tion of the ancestors of these innumerable hords of 
human beings that possess this continent. Their 
tradition is that their ancestors came from the west, 
& they agree in their information that at the distance 
of fifteen days journey in > westernly direction there 


are nations vastly more numerous, powerful <fc civil - 
ized than themselves. 

The earth therefore must be of a spherical form 
a Globe & a westerly course will lead us to the land 
of our nativity. On what principle can we account 
for emigration of the ancestors of these innumer 
able hords of human beings that possess this 
Continent? Their tradition tells them that they emi 
grated from the westward. From this I draw the 
conclusion that the sea if any, which intervenes 
between the two Continents at the westward is not 
so extensive but that it may be safely navigated 
I have also learnt from some of the natives We 
are also informed by some of the natives that at 
the distance of about fifteen days journey in a 
north westerly course there is a great river which 
runs in a south westerly direction, they can not tell 
how far & that along the banks of this river there 
are great towns & mighty kings & a people who 
live in a state of civilation. From all these con 7 
siderations I am determined to remove, pursue a 
westerly course, & seek the delightful country of my 
ancestors. I immediately communicated my deter 
mination & the reasons on which it was founded to 
our little Society, who joyfully acquiessed. It was 
thot to be the most prudential to find out the dis 
position & character of the inhabitants, who were 
settled along the great River lest we should fall into 
the hands of Robbers. For this purpose my man 
Crito & myself & a Delawan for an interpreter set 
forth. We passed thro* a country interspersed with 


vilages, inhabited by the same kind of people as 
the Delawans, until we came to a great Mountain. 
Having passed over this, we had not traveled far 
before we came to the confluence of two great rivers 
which in conjunction produced a river which was 
called Owaho, deep enough for the navigation of 
ships. Here was a lagge town or city inhabited by 
a different race of people from any we had seen 
before. We were immediately conducted to the King 
& were received who received us very graciously, 
& having asked a number of very pertinent ques 
tions <fc received answer to his satisfaction, I then 
made known to him our business & had all my 
requests granted. As we proposed to move into his 
territory, he offered to furnish us for our conven 
ience, with four Mammoons A four men to manage 
them. These were an animal of prodigious magni 
tude even biger than the elephant, which the 
natives had tamed <fc domesticated. They were very 
sagacious & docile & were employed in carying 
burthens & in drawing timber & in plowing their 
land. Their hair at the Spring season was about 
seven inches in length, & was of a fine wooly con 
sistence, & being sheared off at the proper season, 
was manufactured into course cloath. And the milk 
of the female which they produced in abundance, 
afforded a very wholesome nutriment. Having thus 
succeeded beyond our expectations, we made as 
much expidition to return as possible. We arrived 
in safety without any material accidents. The Lit 
tle Society I had left were greatly rejoiced at our 
returne, <fc highly pleased with the account we gave 


of the country we had visited, & at the sight of 
those extraordinary & prodigious animals Mammoons 
which we had bro t to convey our baggage. No 
time was lost to make preparation for the journey. 
The Captain, Mate & myself went to the King & held 
a conference with him & the chiefs & obtained leave 
to depart, tho with apparent regret & reluctance. 
Sacks were provided from course cloth to receive 
the most valuable part of our goods & furniture. 
These were thrown across three of the Mammoons 
The other was caparisoned in a manner too tedious 
to describe for the accommodation of our women & 
children. They were all mounted upon him & rode 
with great convenience & safety. Being thus pre 
pared & ready Thus having resided among the Deli- 
wans two years, & being prepared to take our depart 
ure. The King & his chiefs & many of his principal 
Subjects came forward to take an affectionate fare 
well. This was done on both sides with with mutual 
expressions of the most ardent & sincere friendship 
& the most earnest wishes & prayers for future pros 
perity & happiness. Having taken our final adieu 1 
observed honest Crito sheding tears very plenti 
fully. You seem to be affected, said I. God bless 
your honour said he, when I think how kind & gen 
erous these poor Delawans have been to us, I can 
not help feeling an affection & friendship for them. 
We were obliged to anchor amongst them, we were 
strangers, & helpless, & they were ignorant Savages, 
yet they held out the hand of kindness, & treated 
us as brothers & sisters. Have they not fulfilld the 
law of Christian charity? O that they were good 


Christians, may God forgive their ignorance A unbe 
lief, & reward them for their kindness & genosity. 
We passed on. No obsticles impeded our journey 
until we came to the great river Suscowan, which 
lif.s, runs between the Deliwah River & the great 
moun mountain. The water being too deep for ford 
ing, we built a small boat, & with this at several 
times, we conveyed the whole of the baggage & 
company & baggage across, except the managers of 
the Mammoons, who mounted them Afforded & swam 
across. We then proceeded on by slow marches. 
- - - But in crossing the great mountain we had 
some difficulties to encounter, but however met 
with received no material damage, but finally arived 
safely at the great city Owkahon on the twenty - 
fifth day after our departure from Delawan. 

Fatigued with a long & difficult journey great joy 
& gladness were visible in every in_ countanance <fe 
all were disposed to establish our residence here, 
until further information could be obtained, & further 
measures concerted to prosecute our journey to 
Europe. The King & his principal officers proffered 
us every assistance necessary to make our situation 
agreeable. They assigned us in compliance with our 
request conformity to our desire a number of houses 
on the bank of the river a little distance from the 
city. We made him some valuable presents in return, 
which he received as a token of friendship, but not as 
a compensation. For such was the high sense of 
honour which this prince sustained, that when he 
made a present he would take it as an insult to offer 
him anything as a compensation. 


Having now once more become settled our little 
community continued the same regulations which 
they had established at Deliwan & all things pro 
ceeded in peace & our affairs prospered. 



I AM now to describe a species of nation who have 
but little resemblance to those to those inumerable 
tribes of savages, who live along the coast of the 
Atlantic. Their complexion, the form & construction 
of their bodies, their customs manners laws govern 
ment & religion all demonstrate that they must have 
originated from some other nation & have but a very 
distant affinity with their savage neighbors. As to 
their persons they were taller on an average than I 
had ever seen in any nation, their bones were large 
limbs strait & shoulders broad. Their eyes rather 
smalll & sunk deep in the head. Their foreheads 
were prominent & the face below tapering in such a 
manner that the chin that was formed nearly to a 
point. As to their complexion it was bordering on 
an olive tho of a lighter shade. Their eyes were 
generally of a dark brown or black. Their hair of 
the same color, tho I have sometimes seen persons, 
whose hair was of a redish hue. 

They cloathed themselves in choath which was 
manufactured among themselves from the hair of the 
Mammoon & from Cotton, which was transported 
from the South west westward. The men wore shoes 


<fc long stockings wide trouses, a waistcoat <t a gar 
ment with wide short sleaves, which came down to 
their nees, & in cold weather a cloak over the whole. 
The covering for the head was generaly a kind of 
a Cap, which ran up high & tapered to a point. This 
was generally made of fur skins & was ornimented 
with feathers. It had a small brim in the shape of an 
half moon to project over the forehead. The women 
besides stockings & shoes wore a short petecoat a shirt 
of cotton a loose garment with sleaves which they 
girted round them with belts & a cloack. They had 
various orniments such as ribbons made from cotton 
& coulared with different coulars, the most beautiful 
feathers that could be obtained & shells of various 
kinds. Indeed the higher class of women were 
extremely fond of ornament, & wore placed a large 
share of their happiness in the brilliancy <fe gaudy 
appearance of their garments. These people obtained 
their living generally by the cultivation of the Land, & 
the manage by tending & managing certain animals 
which had been so long domesticated that they had 
lost their wild nature & become tame. Corn, wheat, 
beans, squashes & carrots they raised in great abun 
dance. The ground was plowed by horses & gen 
erally made very mellow for the reception of the 

It was the occupation of a certain part of the men 
to tend upon the tame animals, to drive them to pas 
ture, & keep them from straying, & feed them when 
the snow was on the ground. Two men would tend 
twenty Mammouth, which were indifferent whether 
they fed on grass or cropt the bushes. When these 


animals were fat their flesh was highly esteemed. 
They had droves of Elk, which they had so tamed 
& tutored that they could manage them as they 
pleased. These had their tenders (several words 

illegible) & would follow them like a flock of 
of sheep. & it was but seldom that any would leave 
their companions. The elk constituted a considera 
ble portion of their animal food. The horses were 
managed in the same way & the people tho t their 
meat to be a savoury dish. They had large numbers 
of turkies & gees, which tho originally wild, yet by 
treating them with great familiarity by croping their 
wings & feeding them they frequently they discovered 
no disposition to ramble off, but would propogated 
their species & laid eggs in abundance. 

Hunting & fishing were the employment of some 
others followed the mechanical buciness & others car 
ried on a bartering trade to the Southwestward in order 
to furnish to furnish the people with cotton & other arti 
cles whose production was not congenial to their cli 
mate. By pursuing these various employments they 
generally had an abundance of provision & were at 
all seasons comfortably cloathed. And here I would 
remark as one striking characteristic of this people, 
that they observed great neatness in their dress, in 
their cookery & in their houses. 

The manufacturing of lead Iron & lead was under 
stood, but was not carried on to that extent & perfec 
tion as in Europe. A small quantity of Iron in 
proportion to the number of Inhabitants served to 
supply them with all the impliments which custom 


had made necessary for their use. By hammering & 
hardening their Iron they would convert it nearly 
into the consistence of Steal & fit it for the purpose of 
edged tools. 

The potery business was conducted with great 
inginuity & great quantities of stone & earthen ware 
consisting of every kind of vessel of every construc 
tion which were needed for family use, were manu 
factured in every part of this extensive country. 
They would These vessels they they ornimented with 
pictures with the likenessess of various kinds of ani 
mals & trees & impressed upon them such coulars as 
would strike the fancy with delight. The females of 
the high Class most welthy Class would often have a 
large & superfluous quantity of this brittle furniture 
to decorate one apartment of the house. The vessels 
they arranged in such order as to make a display 
of taste & impress the mind with the agreeable sensa 
tion of beauty. 

In Architecture there can be no comparison with 
the civilized nations of Europe. In their most welthy 
and populous Cities they their houses & public build 
ings exhibit no eligance, no appearance of wealth or 
grandure, all is plain <fc nothing superfluous. But 
convenience seems to be the whole object they had in 
view in the construction of their buildings of every 

Their houses were generally but one story high 
built of wood, being framed & covered with split 
clapboards or shingles, & in the inside the walls were 
formed of clay, which was plastered over with a thin 


coat of lime. Their houses seldom consisted of more 
than three apartments. As to their chimneys they 
built construct a wall of stone about five feet hight 
for the fire to be against which they build their fire, 
from the top of this wall they construct the chimney 
with thin pieces of split timber, on the inside with wet 
dirt or clay of which they plaister wet dirt or clay 
which compleatly covers & adheres to the timber & 
prevents the fire from having any operation upon it. 
The inside of their houses as the women generally 
practise neatness, makes a much better appearance 
than the outside. 

It is my opinion says Trojanus that this people dis 
play a taste in building which is formed upon the 
true principles of Reason. Their houses are suffi 
ciently spacious for convenience. No expense or 
Labour are thrown away in building useless apart 
ments or in erecting their houses higher than what 
convenience requires. The whole catalogue of orna 
mental trumpery is neglected. This in Rome pro 
duces more than half the Labour & expense in 
building. Yes says Lucian, and without this these 
labouring people must starve for want of employ- 
ment, & the citizens of the Roman empire would be 
deprived of the honour of possessing a splendid Capital 
& of the exquisite pleasure of beholding the greatest 
exhibition of human ingenuity in the elegance the 
splendour the purity & beauty of their houses, their 
palaces & their public edifices. True indeed, replies 
Trojanus, men may be dazed & delighted with such 
objects for the moment, But could not wealth be bet- 


ter bestowed upon to promote interest of the com 
munity A for charitable purposes <fe these artists 
tn-tter employ their strength A ingenuity in producing 
some substantial benefits to themselves A others? 
Rejoins Lucian, the course reason dictates is to avoid 
extremes. A slab coulared world would, tire the 
senses by its uniformity A too much orniment A 
splendor, would cease to please by its frequency. 

Besides, lofty houses can be more easily over 
thrown by tornadoes or tumbled down upon our 
heads by earthquakes. The course, says Lucian 
that reason dictates is to avoid extremes. A slab 
coulored world by its uniformity would tire the 
senses, A by its possessing too much ornament A 
splendor it would cease to please. (But the wonder 
wont cease when it is considered that mankind with 
but few exceptions to walk in the tracks of their 
fathers A to pursue the road marked out by their 



LEARNING appears to be so important to the nature 
of man A a good convenient share of it so easy to 
obtain, that some may wonder why it is not univer 
sally diffused thro* the world. But If we can place 
any reliance on the dark annals of antient history, it 
is certain that letters are indebted for their existence 
to the inventive genius of certain extraordinary char- 


acters. Egypt & Chaldea contended for the honour 
of being the first who invented letters. Perhaps they 
were invented in each nation nearly at the same time. 
But let this be as it may could no other nation in the 
world produce as great geniuses as Egypt or 
Chaldea?* Is there any natural obsticle to prevent 
their production in America as well as in Asia? 
Whatever may be the reasoning of some on this sub 
ject, the fact is that I found Letters or some share of 
learning, tho in a very imperfect state among this 
people. At present I shall wave the account of its 
introduction & shall merely describe the state of 
learning as it existed among the Ohons. They had 
characters which represent words & all compound 
words were had each part represented by its appro 
priate character. The variation of cases, moods & 
tenses was designated by certain marks placed under 
the characters. They generally wrote on parchment 
& beginning at the right wrote from the top to the bot 
tom, placing each character directly under the pro 
ceeding one & having finished one column or line they 
begin the write the next on the left of that & so con 
tinue on until they cover the parchment if the subject 
requires it. It is a work of considerable labour <fc 
time to obtain such a knowledge of their characters & 
the application as to be able to read with fluencey & to 
write with ease & accuracy. 

In the principal Cities & towns the government 
appointed learned men to instruct the sons of the 

* Note. The most probable conjecture is that they were communicated from 
one nation to the other. 


higher class of Citizens <fc in the course of four or five 
years they will make such proficiency as to become 
tolerable schollars. 

The works of the learned are not very voluminous. 
Records are kept of the transactions of their govern 
ment. Their constitution & laws are committed to 
writing. A sacred Roll in manuscript is preserved 
among the Records of tln-ir Kmporors <fe kings. <fc are 
dispersed thro* the Empire <fe much pains taken to 
diffuse the knowledge of them among the people. In 
all their large towns & Cities they have deposited 
under the care of a priest a sacred Roll which con 
tains the tenets of their Theology & a description of 
their religious ceremonies. This order of men pub 
lish comments upon these sacred writings. They 
publish some tracts on moral philosophy & some con 
taining a collection of proverbs & the wise sayings 
of their sages. 

But the kind of composition in which they most 
exult is poetry. In poetic numbers they describe 
the great events which take place & the exploits & 
mighty achievements of their heroes. In soft elegies 
they describe paint the Amours of Lovers & in 
pathetic strains they delineate the calamities of sor 
row of the unfortunate. 

In their assemblies it is very common for a certain 
class of these learned poets to entertain the company 
(- - - line gone - - - -) with a resital of poetic 
pieces describing the baties <fc exploits of their war 
riors, or to sing some arnourous or witty ballad. As 
for theators they have none, but as a kind of sussti- 
tute there are actors who entertain the people by 


pronounsing dialogues or plays in which they display 
all the arts of mimicry & act out the express in their 
countanance their gesture & the tone of their voices 
the different passions of the human mind. As only 
a small portion of the people are instructed in the 
arts of reading & writing, of consequence the great 
mass must possess a large share of ignorance, but 
not so great a share as savages who have no learn 
ing among them. They hear the conversation & the 
lectures of their sages, they are entertained with Their 
poetic orators entertain them with the productions 
of their poets, containing the history of great events 
& mighty athievements. Their actors divert & please 
them by exciting the various passions at the same 
time communicating instruction & correcting the nat 
ural savageness of manner by & as the pieces they 
rehearse contain many ideas & sentiments tending to 
expose the deformity of vice & the folly of supersti 
tion & the disgustingness of rude & clownish man 
ners, the people are of consequence improved & 
considerably refined & add to their living in compact 
towns or considerable cities in which there is a con 
stant & reciprocal communication of ideas, which of 
course would have no small effect to inform their 
minds. To all these causes combined the Ohons the 
great mass of the people are indebted for possessing 
a considerable share of knowledge & civilization. 



IN every nation there is some kind of Religion & in 
every religion, however adulterated & corrupted, there 
are some things which are* commendable, some 
things which serve to improve the morals & influence 
mankind to conduct better than what they would do 
provided they pursued the natural dictates of their 
depraved mind, without any restraint As this senti 
ment is an established maxim which has been believed 
in every nation from the earliest ages in every nation, 
hense it has been the policy of all governments to 
encourage & protect some kind of religion. In exam 
ining the religious systems, sentiments <fc precepts 
which are believed & practised throughout this exten 
sive Empire, & which are encouraged & protected by 
the government. I found some things which are 
common to the various systems of theology in Europe 
& Asia, & some things which have no resemblance to 
either From the sacred Roll as it is denominated I 
shall extract the tenets of their theology & a descrip 
tion of their religious ceremonies. It expresses them 
them to this effect 

"There is an intelligent omnipotent Being who is 
self-existent <fc infinitely good <fc benevolent. Matter 
eternally existed. He put forth his hand & formed it 
into such bodies as he pleased. He presides over the 
universe <fc has a perfect knowledge of all things. 
From his own spiritual substance he formed seven 
sons. These are his principal agents to manage the 


affairs of his empire. He formed the bodies of men 
from matter. Into each body he emitted infussed a 
particle of his own spiritual substance, in conse 
quence of which man in his first formation was 
inclined to benevolence & goodness. There is also 
another great intelligent Being who is self -existent & 
possessed of great power but not of Omnipotence. 
He is filled with infinite malice against the good 
Being & exerts all his subtlety & power to ruin his 
works. Seing the happy situation of man he 
approached so near as to tuch his soul with his 
deliterious -hand. The poison was immediately dif 
fused & contaminated his passions & appetites. His 
reason & understanding received no injury. The 
good being looking upon his unhappy offspring with 
infinite love & compassion, made a decree that if 
mankind would reduce their passions & appetites 
under the government of reason, he should be enjoy 
blessings in this world, & be compleatly happy after 
death his soul quits his body. Death dissolves the 
connection. Material Bodies are prepared for the 
souls of the righteous. These bodies can pass thro 
any part of the universe & are invisible to mortal 
eyes. Their place of residence is on a great & city 
vast plain, which is beautiful with magnificent build 
ings, with Trees fruits & flowers. Here they enjoy 
every delight which No imagination can paint the 
delights the felicity of the Righteous. But the 
wicked have no etherial are denied etherial bodies. 
Their souls naked & incapable of seeing light dwel in 
darkness & are tormented with the keenest anguish. 


Ages roll away A the good Being has compassion 
upon them. He permits them to take possession of 
etherial bodies & they arise quick to the abodes of 
delight & glory. Now, O man, attend to thy duty <fc 
thou shalt escape the portion of the wicked. <fc enjoy 
all the delights of the righteous. Avoid all acts of 
cruelty to man & beast.* 

defraud not thy neighbours nor suffer thy hands 
secretly to convey his property from him. Preserve 
thy body from the contamination of lust, <fe remember 
that the seduction of thy neighbours wife would be a 
great Crime. Let thy citizens be numbered once in 
two years, A if the young women who are fit for mar- 
riage are more numerous than the young men, then 
wealthy men who are young <fc who have but one wife 
shall have the privilege with the permission of the 
king to marry another until the number of the single 
young women A the single young men are made 
equal. But he who hath two wives shall have a 
house provided for each & he shall spend his time 
equally with each one. 

Be grateful for all favours A forsake not thy friend 
in adversity. Treat with kindness & reverence thy 
Parents. Forsake them not in old age nor let their 
cheek be furrowed with tears for the want of bread. 
Bow down thy head before the aged, treat thy superi 
ors with respect, & place thy rulers & thy teachers in 
the most honourable seats. Let Rulers consult the 
welfare of the people & not agrandize themselves by 

*No crime Is BO horrid as maliciously to destroy the life of man. 


oppression & base bribes. Let Religious Teachers 
walk in the road which leads to celestial happiness & 
lead the people after them. Let Parents restrain the 
vices of their children & instruct their minds in useful 
knowledge. Contention & Strife is is the Bane of 
Families & the destruction of domestick happiness, 
being yoked together the husband & wife ought to 
draw in the same direction. Their countanances will 
then appear beautiful shine with the effulgent Beams 
of Friendship & love, peace & harmony will attend 
their habitation & their affairs will prosper. 

Hold out the hand of kindness & friendship to 
thy neighbour, consider him when reduced to indigence 
& distress, He is as dear to the great & good being a-s 
what thou art. & thou now hast an opportunity to 
manifest the disposition of thy heart To afford him 
relief will be pleasing to thy Maker & an expression 
of thy gratituge. 

Envious & malicious Souls are almost incurably 
contaminated with that hellish poison which which 
was first disordered the soul of man. Partake not of 
their guilt by joining them in the malignant work of 
slander & detraction. Their intended mischief returns 
upon their own heads, & the slandered character of 
the innocent & just shines forth with increasing lus 
tre. Let the stranger find an hospitable resting 
place under thy roof. Give him to eat from thy por 
tion that when he departs he may bless thee & go on 
his way rejoicing. 

Industry will Say not to thyself I will indulge 
inactivity & idleness & lie upon the bed of sloth & 


slumber away the precious moments of time, for in 
this thou art unwise, for unwise disease will attend 
thee, hunger will torment thee & Rags will be thy 
clothing. Let industry & economy fill up the meas 
ure of thy waking moments. So shall thy counta- 
nance display health & sprightliness, plenty shall 
supply the wants of thy family & thy reputation shall 
be respectable. 

But behold a being in human form from whom I 
turn away in disgust & abhorrence. He is covered 
with so much dirt & filth that no etherial body is 
provided for him nor can he be received into the 
abodes of the blessed. Suffer not thy bodies or thy 
garments to remain long besmeared with dirt & filth. 
Cleanliness prevents many diseases <fc is pleasant to 
the sight. But from a dirty filthy mortal we turn 
with disgust & abhorrance. As the great Author of 
our existence being is benevolent to all his offspring, 
so it becomes us to be benevolent to our fellow beings 
around us. Oou Country is one body & we are part 
of its members. We are therefore bound to maintain 
their rights & priviledges & the the honour & dignity 
of our Country at the risk of our lives. Great 
rewards attend the brave & their exploits & achieve 
ments in contending against tyrants & in defending 
the Rights their of their Country will be celebrated on 
the plains. But the vision now expands & directs 
our contemplation to fix on his attributes, whose 
spiritual substance is commensurate with infinity. 
As only a single particle from his substance consti 
tutes our souls, how small how diminutive must we 


appear in the view of Omniscience. We must there 
fore contemplate his attributes thro* the medium of 
his works, & admire with profound reverance & 
adoration his wisdom goodness & power which are 
visible in the formation & arrangement of all material 
bodies & spiritual beings. He requires us to supli- 
cate his favours, & when received to express our 
gratitude. As our passions & appetites often get the 
assendence of our reason, we are therefore bound to 
confess our faults & implore forgiveness. 

Now that you may know and keep all these thing 
which were made known by divine inspiration, it is 
ordained that on every eighth day, ye lay aside all 
unnecessary labour, that ye meet in convenient 
numbers & form assemblies, that at each assembly 
a learned holy man shall preside, who shall lead your 
devotions & explain this sacred Roll & give you such 
instruction as shall promote your happiness in this 
life & in the life to come. Once in three months ye 
shall hold a great festival in every great city & town, 
& your priests shall sacrifice an Elk as a token that 
your sins deserve punishment, but that the divine 
mercy hath banished them into shades of forgetful- 

Be attentive oh man, to the words of truth which 
have been recorded & & respect to all the command 
ments which have been written for your observance. 
Your Maker will then be rejoiced to see you rejoice 
in the participation of his favour & to behold your 
faces brighten with the cheering benign beams of 



AMONG the great A illustrious characters who have 
appeared in the world in different ages as instructors 
& reformers of mankind, Baska holds is entitled to a 
conspicuous place. 

The place of his nativity is not recorded. But the 
first notice which is given of him is his appearing at the 
great City of Golanga, which is situate on the Banks 
of the Siota River. He was attended by his wife & 
two little sons. The fashion of their garments were 
different from the natives. Their complexion like 
wise was of a little whiter. They were Baska was 
grave solemn & sedate reserved in his conversation, 
but when he spoke wisdom proceeded from his lips. 
His fame spread rapidly thro the city & country, & 
he was celebrated as a man of the most brilliant & 
extraordinary talents. He was conducted to the King 
& introduced to him. The King asked him from 
what country he came. His reply was, at a great 
distance from the westward. He then asked him 
induced him to come into his country. He replied 


PERHAPS reader, before we describe the government 
of the Ohons it might be proper to relax our mind by 
with a few seeches of Biography. The character 
which will best connect with the history of the learn 
ing & religion & the government^: laws of the Ohons 
is that of the great and illustrious Lobaska. 


He is the man who first introduced their present 
method of writing who presented them with the 
sacred Roll which contains the tenets & precepts of 
their religion, & who formed their political constitu 
tion as it respects the connection of various kingdoms 
or tribes under one government. 

There are many anecdotes which tradition has 
handed down respecting this extraordinary man, 
which have the complexion of fables the miraculous & 
hence I conclude they must be fabulous Such as his 
As for instance he is represented as forming a curious 
machine by which & having placed himself upon it he 
mounted into the Atmosphere & assended a great 
hight & having sailed a considerable time distance 
thro the air he desended slowly & received no 
damage & that multitudes of astonished Spectators 
had a number of times seen him perform this miracu 
lous exploit, & that he declared that when he took 
these excursions, his extraordinary wisdom & knowl 
edge was communicated to him. If he did in fact 
perform such exploits no wonder that he managed an 
ignorant people as he pleased. But as it is not my 
intention to amuse my readers by a splendid relation 
of fables, I shall confine myself to facts which can 
not be contested. The place of his nativity is not 
recorded. The first account given of him was his 
appearance in the great City of Golanga which is 
situate on the Banks of the Siota River. When he 
entered that city he was attended by his wife & four 
sons the the eldest of whom was about eighteen years 
of age. He himself appeared to be about forty. His 


personal appearance was commanding being of mid- 
ling Stature of a bold frank countanance & eyes lively 
& penetrating. In his general deportment he was 
cheerful yet displayed much sedateness & gravity. 
He was affable & familiar in conversation but not 
loquacious, he never would converse long on trifling 
subjects, had a wonderful faculty to intermix some 
wise sayings <fc remarks that should improve & of 
turning with dignity and gravefulness the attention 
of the company to subjects that were important & 
interesting. None could then withstand the energy 
of his reasoning, & all were astonished at the inge 
nuity of his arguments & the great knowledge & 
wisdom which he displayed. His fame spread thro* 
the City Ajnulti <fc country A multitudes frequently 
assembled & importuned him to give them instruction. 
Always cheerful to gratify the curiosity & comply 
with the reasonable requests of the multitude, he 
entertained them by conversing with them familiarly, 
& by exhibiting public discourses. All were charmed 
with his wisdom & eloquence, and all united in pro 
nouncing him to be the most extraordinary man in 
existence, & generally believed that he had conver 
sation with the celestial beings, & always acted under 
the influence of divine inspiration. The people were 
very liberal in their donations, which enabled him to 
support his family in affluence. Having thus in a 
short time established a character with respect to 
wisdom & eloquence to any man who had ever 
appeared before him in the nation, he then at an 
enterview which he held with the king & the chiefs 
told them that he had invented the art of expressing 


ideas by certain marks or characters, & having 
explained the nature of the subject to their full satis 
faction, he then proposed to establish a school for the 
instruction of the sons of the principal subjects of the 
King. This proposal was received & accepted with 
much gratitude & cheerfulness. A house was imme 
diately prepared for the accommodation of Schollars, 
& in a short time the number amounted to nearly two 
hundred. But here it must be observed that the art 
of making & applying the characters to the words 
which they represented, was taught principally by 
his sons. They had all received an education from 
their father & even the youngest who was but eleven 
years old could read & write with great correctness. 
& facility. He superintended their instruction & very 
frequently gave them lectures on scientific & moral 
subjects, his schollars made great progress in learn 
ing & delighted their parents with the improvement 
they had made in literature civilization & refinement. 
He still continued to associate among the people, & 
was indefatigable in his labours to dispel their igno 
rance, correct their superstition & vices & to diffuse a 
more accurate knowledge of the mechanical arts. 
The manufacture of Iron in particular was not known. 
This he taught a number by showing them how to 
build a small furnace, & to cast iron ware, & then to 
build a small forge & there refine pigs, & convert 
them into Iron. 

He had resided among the Siotans about three 
years, & the happy effects of his labours were visible 
to all observers. A great reformation had taken 
place in the morals & manners of the people, Industry 


had encreased,_& agriculture A the mechanical arts 
had received great improvement & houses were built 
on a more commodious & eligant construction. But 
not willing to stop here the benevolent mind of the 
great Tobaska meditated a more important revolu 
tion. Now was the propitious era_to had arived & the 
way was prepared for the introduction of that system 
of Theology, which is comprized in the sacred Roll. 

In the first place he read & explained the whole 
system to the King & the chiefs of the nation, who 
cordially gave it their approbation & gave permission 
to propogate it among the people. Under the pre 
tense that this system was revealed to him in several 
enterviews, which he had been permitted to have with 
the second son of the great <fc good Being, the people 
did not long hesitate but received as sacred & 
divine truth every word which he taught them. They 
forgot their old religion which was a confused & 
absurd medly of Idolitry & superstitious nonsense & 
embraced a religion more sublime & consistent, 
db more fraught with sentiments which would pro 
mote the happiness of mankind in this world. 

Whilst the Siotans were thus rapidly progressing 
in their improvements they were unhappily disturbed 
by the certain prospect of war. Bombal, the King 
of the Kentucks, a nation that lived on the south side 
of the great River Ohio, had taken great umbrage 
against Kadokam the King of Siota. This Bombal 
was the most haughty & the jnost powerful prince 
who reigned in this part of the western Continent. It 
had been the custom for several ages for the King 


& chiefs of the Kentucks to have the exclusive 
right to wear in their caps a bunch of blue feathers, 
which designated their preeminence over every 
nation. The Siotan princes envying them this dis 
tinguished honor & considering themselves as being 
at least their equals assumed the liberty to place 
bunches of Blue feathers upon their caps. This in 
the opinion of the Kentucks was an unpardonable 
offense if persisted in, & a most daring insult upon 
their supreme dignity. A messenger was immedi 
After a solemn Council was held with his chiefs 
Bombal, with their unanimous consent dispatched a 
messenger to Kadocam, who thus proclaimed. 

Thus saith Bombal, the king of kings & the most 
mighty prince on earth. Ye have insulted my our 
honour & dignity, in assuming blue feathers which 
was the badge of our preeminence. Know ye that 
uless you tear them from your caps ye shall feel the 
weight of our ven-gence. 

Kadocam replied. Tell your master that a great 
Company of Wolves made an attack upon a City, to 
rob the citizens of their dear & elk, & they let forth 
their dogs upon them, which attacked them with such 
fury, & courage that they fled mangled & torn to a 
most dreary swamp. Here they by the most tremen- 
dous the most plaintive howling, they lamented their 
sad disaster & disgrace. 

An answer so shrewd & insulting it was expected 
would soon be followed by an invasion. Measures 
must immediately be taken for the defense of the 
kingdom. Lobaska was invited to set in council. All 


were unanimously of opinion that to comply with the 
haughty demand of Bombal, by tearing the Blue 
feathers from their caps would be degrading the 
honour of the nation & a relinquishment of their 
natural right, that they were likewise sensible that 
the most vigorous exertions were necessary to save 
the country from ruin. The opinion & advice -of 
Lobaska was requested. It is my opinion says he 
that by using a little stratigem, this war might be 
bro t to a conclusion, which will be honourable to this 
kingdom. We will pursue, says the King your 
advice & directions. I shall be happy says Lobaska 
to assist you with my best advice. Call immediately 
into the field an army of three Thousand men, pro 
vide two thousand shovels five hundred mathooks & 
five hundred wheelbarrows, & one hundred axes. I 
will give directions how to make them. Not a 
moment was lost. The army was assembled, & impli- 
ments provided with the utmost expidition. & they 
marched down the river, to a certain place where the 
Army of the Enimy must pass in order to arrive at 
the city of Golanga. At this place the hills or moun 
tains came within less than a mile of the river, & a 
flat or level land intervened. Here Lobaska directed 
that a canal should be cut from the River to the River 
to the Hill That it should be eight feet wide & eight 
deep & that the dirt which they dug should be thrown 
into the river. That the canal except what should be 
wanted to lay over thin pieces of split timber, which 
should be extended over the canal so weak & slender 
that the weight of a man would break them down. 
This novel invention invention was soon carried into 


effect & the work compleatly finished. Every pre 
caution was used to prevent any intelligence of these 
transactions from getting to the enimy. 

In the meantime Kadokam bro t into the field seven 
thousand more of his warriors, men of brave hearts & 
valiant for the battle. The indignant king of the Ken- 
tucks had by this time assembled an army of Thirty 
Thousand men, who were ready at the risk of their 
lives to vindicate the preeminence of their nation. 
& the transendent dignity of their King & his chiefs. 
Had of this At the head of this army Bombal began 
his march to execute his threatened vengance on the 
Siotans. As he entered their country he found the 
viliges deserted, & all the movable property con 
veyed away, not a man or worn was to be seen until 
he came in view of the army of Kadokam, who 
was encamped within a small distance of the Canal. 
Bombal halted & formed his men in two Ranks, 
extending from the River to the Hill. He had a 
reserved core, who were placed in the rear of the main 
body, Having thus arranged them for battle he went 
from one wing to the other, proclaiming alould, we 
have been insulted, brave Soldiers, by these cow 
ardly Siotans. They have assumed the blue Feather 
the badge of our preeminance & exalted dignity. 
Behold it flying in their Caps. Will your highborn 
souls submit to behold such Dastards place them 
selves on equal terms with you? No, my valiant 
warriors, let us revenge the insult by the destruc 
tion of their puny army, & the conflagration of their 
city. Make a furious charge upon them & & the 
victory is ours. Let your motto be blue Feather & 


you will fight like wolves robbed of their puppies. 
Hadokam had by this time formed his army in 
order of Battle close to the edge of the canal & 
extended them in one rank only from the River to 
the Hill. As the Kentucks approached within a 
small distance, the Siotans gave back & began a 
retreat with apparent confusion, notwithstanding the 
pretended efforts of the King & his officers to pre 
vent their retreating. Bombal, observing this com 
manded to rush forward on the full run, but to keep 
their ranks in order. This they instantly obeyed 
as one man, <fc as soon as their feet stept on the 
slender covering of the canal it gave way & they 
fell to the bottom, some in one position & some in 
another. A disaster so novel & unexpected might 
have appalled the stoutest & filled their minds with 
amazement & terror. Nor did this compleat their 
misfortune of the army of Bombal. An ambush of 
the Siotans, who lay on the side of the hill opposite 
to the reserved Corps of the Kentucks, rushed down 
upon them in an instant. Surprize & terror pre 
vented resistance, they threw down their arms & 
surrendered. The retreating army of Hadocam 
immediately returned with shouting to the edge of 
the Canal. Their enimies, who but a moment before 
thot themselves invincible & certain of victory, were 
now defenceless & wholly in their power. When 
Lobaska was present & saw the success of his strati- 
gem, his great soul disdained revenge on an enimy 
helpless & prostrate enimy. He conjured the Siotans 
not to shed one drop of Blood, but to be generous 
& merciful. Bombal had now recovered from his 


surprize, & feeling the deplorable situation of his 
army, his haughty soul felt the keenest anguish. 
Where says he is the King of the Siotans? Here I am 
says Hadokam. What is your re-quest my brother? 
Reduced says he by stratigem the most ingenious & 
artful to a situation which subjects us wholly under 
your power, & in which you can take ample revenge. 
I now implore your generosity & compassion for my 
army. Spare their lives & then name your terms, & 
if I can comply with them without degrading the 
honour of my crown it shall be done. Your request 
says Hadokam is granted Surrender your army, & let 
you army return in peace. As for your majesty & 
the chiefs of your nation who are present, you will 
give us the pleasure of your company in our return 
to the city of Golanga, there we will execute a treaty 
of peace & amity, that shall be advantageous & hon 
ourable to both nations. These terms were accepted 
& the Kentucks returned in peace to their own Coun 
try, not to describe exploits & bloody victories, but 
the curious stratigem of Lobaska. 

The two kings & their splendid retinue of princes 
having arived at Golanga, every attention was paid 
by the Hodokam & his chiefs to their honorable 
visitors. Hadokam made a sumptuous entertainment 
at which all were present. The next day both parties 
met for for the purpose of agreeing to terms of peace 
& perpetual amity. What are your terms says Bom- 
bal? Lobaska, says Hadokam, shall be our Arbitra 
tor. He shall name the terms his wisdom will dictate 
nothing which will be dishonourable for either party. 


Your proposal, says Bombal is generous. Lobaska 
shall be our Arbitrator. Lobaska then rose. Attend, 
says he to my words, ye princes of Siota & Kentuck. t 
You have all derived your existence from the great 
Father of Spirits, you are his children & belong to 
his great family. Why, then have you thirsted for 
each others blood? for the Blood of Brothers? 
& what has, & what has produced this mighty war? 
A blue feather, may it please your majesties, a blue 
feather a badge of preeminence. It is pride, it is 
unruled ambition & avarice which devastate the 
world & produce rivers of human Blood. & the wars 
which take place among nations generally originate 
from as trifling causes as the blue feather. 

Let this be the first article of your treaty that any 
person may wear a blue feather in his Cap, or any 
other feather that he pleases. 

Let this be the second, that the individuals of each 
nation may carry on a commerce with each other, & 
that they shall be protected in their persons & 

Let thjsjbe the third, that I shall be at liberty to 
establish a school or schools in any part of the 
dominion of Kentuck & furnish them with such 
instructors as I please That none shall be restrained 
from hearing our instructions & that we shall be 
patronized & protected by the King <fc his chiefs. 

Let_ f hia_be_the fourth, that perpetual peace & amity 
shall remain between both nations & as a pledge for 
the fulfilment of these articles on the part of the* 
princes of Kentuck, that the eldest son of the King & 


four sons of the principal chiefs, shall be left as hos- 
tiges in this City for the term of Term of Three years. 
These terms met the cordial approbation of both 
parties & were ratified in the most solemn manner. 

Thus happy was the termination of the war about 
the blue feather having taken place Lobaska pro 
ceeded with indefatigable industry & perseverance in 
his benevolent scheme of enlightening & reforming 
mankind. And how happy would it be for mankind 
if all wars about as trifling causes as this might ter 
minate in the same way. The benevolent mind of 
Loboska soared above trifles viewing all mankind as 
brothers & sisters he wished the happiness of all. He 
then made provision in the treaty with the Kentucks 
for the introduction of schools in Kentuck amongst 
them. This was the first step which he foresaw would 
introduce improvement in agriculture & the mechani 
cal arts, produce a reformation in their morals & 
religious principals, & a happy revolution in some 
part of their political institutions. 

Bombal had become so captivated with Lobaska, 
that he invited him to bear him company to his own 
dominions. He consented, & when he had arived at 
the royal City of Gamba, which is situate on the 
River Kentuck, he there pursued the same course 
which he had done at Golanga, & his success 
answered his most sanguine expectations. The peo 
ple were now prepared for the introduction of a school. 
He returned back to Tolanga, & sent his second son 
& three of the most forward scholars of the Siotans to 
establish a school at Gamba. 


In the meantime his intention was to make some 
a m endments in the government of Sciota. But as 
there were several Cities <fc a great number oTviliages 
that Acknowledged the jurisdiction of the Sciotan 
king which still were ignorant of the principles <fc doc^ 
trines^ which he taught, he found it necessary to visit 
them & to introducejnstructors amongst them. In 
t ! i i s work he was engaged^ about two years, <fe the 
happy effect of his labors were now visible, in various 
kinds of improvement &7n the reformation of man- 
n ers morals & religion. The way was now prepared to 
introduce his system^o^gay^nnient.^jThe chiefs of 
the nation were invited to attend a grand council at 

Tolanga. When th ey were met Lobaska roBe,~& 

presented them with the following constitution of 

The king of Siota shall be stiled the Emperor of 
Ohion_&_the King^f Siota, his crown shall be heredi 
tary injhej)lde8t male heir of his family. The cities 
A vilages who acknowledge his jurisdiction or who 
may hereafter do it, shall bejmtitled to protection 
tV mJhe^mjperor 1 _if ^inyaded_by an enimy, he shall 
defend them with all the force of the Empire. Once 
every year,_the chief s shall meet at Golan ga~ to nmke 
l.-iwg for the good of the nation. 

These young men having imbibed the spirit & prin 
ciple of their great preceptor, spared no exertions to 
instruct the schollars & to diffuse useful knowledge 
amongst the people. The happy effects of their 
Labors were visible in a short time. The people The 


people embraced the religion of Lobaska <fc became 
more industrious & civilized. In their various 
improvements in agriculture, the mechanical arts 
they & literature they even exeled the Sciotans, & 
appeared to be as prosperous & flourishing. Even 
Bombal himself declared that the termination of the 
war about the blue feather, which at first appeared 
unfortunate, yet as it occationed such happy effects 
among his people, it gave him more satisfaction & 
pleasure than the reputation of being a great Con- 
queror. what he could have received from the repu 
tation of being a great Conqueror. 



THE people who were denominated Ohians were set 
tled on both sides of the River Ohiojrom & along the 
various branches of the river. The settlements 
extended to a great distance in the time of Lobaska, 
but how far it is not mentioned. They lived in com 
fortable villages or towns except the cities. We 
might except the cities, Golanga on the River Sciota 
& Gamba on the which River Kentuck. The various 
villiges or towns formed independent soveranties, & 
were governed by their respective chiefs. 

Excepting the Cities of Golanga & Gamba, whose 
Kings claimed jurisdiction over an extent of country 
of country of about one hundred & fifty miles along 
the River Ohio & about the same extent distance back 
from the River, the remaining part of this extensive 


country was settled in compact vialiges or towns A 
These formed independent soveranties A were gov 
erned by their respective chiefs. Frequent bicker 
ings contentions & wars took place among these 
chiefs, which were often attended with perilous con 
sequences. To remedy these evils & to facilitate & 
accomplish the general & benevolent plan, of reform 
ing & civilizing the Ohians, Lobaska had formed a 
system of Government, with a design of establishing 
two great Empires one on each side of the River 
Ohio. Their different constitutions were on the same 
plan & were presented by the hand of Lobaska to the 
respective Kings of Sciota <fc Kentuck. 

The Sciotan Constitution was comprised in these 

The country east of the great River Ohio shall 
form the Empire of Sciota. At the head of this 
Empire shall be placed with the title of Emperor, 
Labamack the oldest son of Lobaska. The office 
shall be hereditary in the eldest male of his family. 
He and his sons successively shall marry natives of 
the kingdom of Sciota & all their daughters shall 
marry within their own dominions. He shall have 
four counsellors. He, with the advice of his coun 
sellors, shall have the exclusive right, of making war 
& peace, <fc of forming treaties with other nations. 
He shall be the commander in chief of all the forces 
of the King & the King of Sciota shall be next to him. 
All controversies between the rulers or chiefs of the 
different tribes shall be reffered to the decision of him 
& his counsellors, & he is authorized to compel a 
compliance. He shall hold his settings annually in 


four different parts of the Empire. The King of 
Sciota & the chiefs of the different tribes shall hold 
their offices & exercise the same authority in civil 
matters that they have done. They shall be ameni- 
able to the emperor & his counsellors, whose duty it 
shall be to inquire into all complaints against them 
from their subjects & to redress grievances & punish 
for oppression & injustice by fines. He & his Coun 
sellors shall have the explusive priviledge of coining 
money. They may likewise lay taxes for the sup 
port of the government & for the defence of the 
nation. They shall coin no more money than what 
is necessary for the convenience of the people, & in 
such quantity only that the value shall not depre 
ciate. In time of war he shall appoint the officers of 
his army except where the chiefs chuse to command 
their own subjects. In that case, they shall be sub 
ject to the commands of the Emperor. The people 
in every City town or village shall respectively chuse 
one or more Censors, whose duty it shall be to 
enquire into all mal-conduct of rulers, & all vicious 
& improper conduct of the priests & the people & they 
shall pursue such measures to obtain justice & to 
produce a reformation of morals in the offenders as 
the laws shall direct. 

In order that the priests & instructors of learning 
may know & perform their duty for the benefit of 
civilization, morality & religion, Lambon the third 
son of Lobaska shall preside over them & shall have 
the title of high Priest, & the office shall be heredi 
tary in the eldest males of his family successively. 
There shall be associated with him four priests as his 


assistants. They shall exercise a jurisdiction over all 
the priests of the Empire, & shall see that they faith 
fully perform the duties of their office. They shall 
attend to the instructors of learning & shall direct 
that a suitable number are provided thro out the 
Empire. It shall likewise be their duty at all suita 
ble times & places to instruct Rulers & people in the 
duties of their respective Stations, <fc to labour inces 
santly to persuade mankind to restrain subject their 
passions & appetites under the government of Rea 
son, that they may secure happiness to themselves 
in this life & immortal happiness beyond the grave. 
The people shall make contribution in proportion to 
their wealth for the support of their priests. If any 
refuse they shall be denied the priviledge of their 
instructions & shall be subjected to the ridicule & 
contempt of the people. 

For the convenience of the people and the easy 
support of the government it is necessary that there 
government shou should be something which shall 
represent property, & which is of small weight. It is 
therefore provided that certain small pieces of iron 
stamped in a peculiar manner shall be this circu 
lating medium. Each piece according to its particu 
lar stamp shall have a certain value fixed upon it. It 
shall be the peculiar prerogative of the Emperor & 
his counsellors to direct the coining of these pieces, 
which shall be denominated money. No more 
money shall be coined than what will be for the 
benefit of the Empire, nor shall the Emperor & his 
counsellors receive any more of it than an adequate 
compensation for their services. They shall keep an 


account of the amount of money coined annually & 
the manner in which it has been distributed & 
expended. This account shall be submitted to the 
examination of the King of Sciota & the chiefs of the 
Empire. The Emperor shall always be ready to 
receive the petitions & complaints of his subjects, 
He shall consult the welfare of his people & save 
them from oppression & tyranny & by his beneficent 
acts shall gain their affections & obtain the appella 
tion of a just, a good & a glorious Prince. 

When Hadocam King of Sciota had received this 
plan of government, he immediately assembled all the 
chiefs or princes within his kingdom. Lobaska 
pointed out the defects of the existing governments, 
& the excellencies of that form which he presented 
for their acceptance. His reasons could not be 
resisted, they unanimously agreed to establish it as 
their constitution of Government. Labamack 
accepted the office of Emperor & his four counsellor 
were appointed. Lambon was ordained high Priest & 
his four assistants chosen. The new government was 
now put in operation. The various tribes living con 
tiguous to the Empire seeing its prosperity, solicited 
the priviledge of being received as parts of the 
Empire. Their requests were granted. Improvement 
& prosperity attended them. This induced other con 
tiguous Tribes to request the same priviledge, <fc 
others still adjoining them came forward with their 
petitions. All were granted & the same regulations 
established in every part. Within about three years 
from the first establishment of the Empire, Lobaska 
had the pleasure of seeing his son reign over a ter- 


ritory of more than four hundred miles in length 
along the River Ohio, A of beholding a nation rapidly 
progressing from a state of barbarism, ignorance & 
wretchedness, to a state of civilization 4 prosperity. 

Having now beheld the happy result of his experi 
ment at Sciota, Lobaska made a second viset to 
Bambo king of Kentuck. The second son whose 
name was Hamback, was present at the city of 
Gamba at His youngest son Kalo attended him. He 
made known his plan of revolution to Bambo, who 
cordially acquiessed <fe called together his princes. 
They unanimously agreed to place Hamback on the 
throne of the Empire south of the Ohio River, & to 
ordain Kalo as their high Priest. With the excep 
tion of names & places the constitution of government 
was the same as that which the Sciotans adopted. 
The same measures were purpued to insure its suc 
cess. A great & flourishing Empire arose <fc barba 
rous tribes connected themselves with the Empire, & 
under the fostering care of the government became 
wealthy civilized & prosperous. 

Thus within the term of twelve years from the 
arival of Lobaska at Golanga, he had the satisfaction 
of beholding the great & benevolent objects which he 
had in view accomplished. He still continued his 
useful Labours & was the great Oriole of both 
Empires. His advice & sentiments were taken upon 
all important subjects, & no one ventured to contro 
vert his opinions. He lived to behold the successful 
experiment of his institutions, <fc to see them acquire 
that strength & firmness as not easily to be over 


Having- acquired that renown & glory which are 
beyond the reach of envy, & which aspiring ambition 
would despair of attaining, at the age of eighty he 
bade an affectionate adieu to two Empires & left them 
to lament in tears hisjmle exit. 

These two empires continued to progress in their 
improvements & population, & to rival each other in 
prosperity during the reign of Ten successive Emper 
ors on the throne of Sciota. Peace & harmony & a 
friendly intercourse existed between them. No wars 
took place to disturb their tranquility, except what 
arose from the surrounding Savages, who sometimes 
disturbed the frontiers in a hostile manner for the 
sake of gaining plunder. But these attacks were 
generally repelled & defeated, without much loss of 
blood. They were in fact of such trifling conse 
quence as to make no perceptible impediment to 
prevent the population improvement & prosperity of 
both Empires, & happy, thrice happy would it have 
been for them if they had still continued to have pur 
sued the amicable & benevolent principles, which first 
marked the commencement & progress of their insti 



THE customs & amusements of a Nation evince the 
state of society which exists among the people. 
When the two Empires of Sciota & Kentuck had 
commenced their new career on the plan which was 

> \*1 v 


formed by Lobaska, they adopted as a true maxim 
that to avoid wai it was necessary to be in constant 
preparation for it. It was the wise policy of of the two 
governments to make such military arrangements as 
never to be surpriz^ by any enimy unprepared. In 
every city town & vir ge the people were required to 
provide military impliments, & to deposit them in a 
secure place. These magazines were to contain a 
sufficient quantity of arms & warlike impliments to 
furnish every man who should be able to bear arms 
should be destitute. In order that every man might 
have sufficient skill to use them to advantage, great 
p;iins was taken to prepare him by teaching him the 
arts of war. 

The knowledge of military tackticks as they it was 
then attainable, was likewise difused among the peo 
ple. Young men from sixteen to twenty five years 
old were required to take the field four times in each 
year. & to spend sixteen days during each time in 
learning the military art, <fc in building fortifications. 
And very able-bodied men were required to spend 
eight days in each year in the same employments. 

In consequence of these regulations a rivalship 
existed among the different sexions of the Empire to 
exceed each other in skill & dexterity in their mili 
tary manoevers. Hence it was a general custom in 
every part of the country for different bodies of men 
to meet to engage in feigned battles once every year, 
in order to make a display of their improvements in 
the art of war. Premiums were given to those who 
were the most expert in shooting the arrow or in 


managing the spear & the sword. Their amusements 
were generally of the athletick kind, calculated to 
improve their agility & strength & prepare them for 
warriors. Wrestling, slinging, & throwing stones at 
marks, leaping ditches & fences dfc climbing trees & 
pricipices were some of their most favorite diversions. 
And as they took great pains to perfect themselves 
in these exercises, it would astonish Spectators of 
other nations, to observe the improvement they had 
made & the extraordinary feats of agility & strength 
which they exhibited. 

Other diversions which had no tendency to fit them 
for war they seldom practiced, except when in the 
company of women, being taught by their religion 
the social virtues, they manifested a great regard for 
the rights of the other sex & always treated them with 
attention civility & tenderness. Hence, when in the 
company of the fair sex it was curious to observe 
that when in the company of women they easily 
exchanged the warriors ruged AJbold attitude of the 
bold warrior for the complasant & tender deport 
ment of the affectionate galant. The amusements 
which were pleasing to the female mind were equally 
pleasing to the men, whenever they held their social 
meeting for recreation. These meetings were fre 
quent among the younger class of Citizens, whether 
married or single. Various kinds of amusements 
would frequently be introduced at such times for 
their mutual entertainment, but that which held the 
most conspicuous place was dancing. But their 
manner of Dancing was different from that of the 
polished Europians. Gracefulness & easy attitude 


were not so much studied in their movements as 
sprightliness & agility, & those tunes which admitted 
the greatest display of activity & sprightliness were 
generally the most pleasing fashionable. Hence 
those whose bodies were formed for the quickest 
movements if they keept time with the music, were 
the most admired. In small assemblies it was fash 
ionable to amuse themselves with at playing with 
pieces of parchment. This they denominate the 
Bird Play. Each peice o_f is of an oval form A of 
convenient length & width & on each one is portraid 
the likeness of a Bird. All the birds of Prey that 
came within their knowledge have the honour of 
being represented on these peices of Parchment. On 
the other pieces are portraid other birds of different 
kinds The whole number of the peices amount to 
about sixty. These are promiscuous placed in a pack 
& dealt of to the company of players whose number 
does not exceed six. The person then, who has the 
greatest number of carnivorous Birds by a dextrous 
management, may catch the greatest number of the 
other Birds & thus obtain the victory. 

During these enterviews of the different sexes <fc 
even in their common intercouse with each other they 
are always very cheerful & sociable <fc often display 
that fondness & familiarity, which in Europe would 
be considered as indicative of a lascivious character, 
but in this country are considered as what good man 
ners requird^ Nothing rude nothing indecent or 
immodest according to their ideas of the meaning of 
these terms, are admissible in company, <fc absolute 


lasciviousness would meet the most severe reprehen 
sion. When a young man wishes to settle himself in 
a family state he proclaims it by wearing a red feather 
in his cap. This is considered as an admonition to 
the young women who would not receive him for a 
husband, to avoid his company, whereas those whose 
inclinations towards him are more favourable admit 
his attentions. From this number he selects one as 
the object of his addresses. He obtains an enterview 
& proposes a courtship. If the proposition accords 
with her wishes, they then agree on a time when he 
shall make known the affair to her parents, whose 
approbation being obtained, he is then permited to 
viset her ten times in sixty days. At the expiration 
of this time the bargain for matrimony must be fin 
ished. Otherwise there must be a final termination 
of the courtshi or a postponement of the courtship, 
for the term of one year, or else a The parties are at 
liberty during the postponement to But if the parties 
are pleased with each other, the contract is made & 
the time for the celebra performance of the nuptial 
ceremonies is appointed. An entertainment is pro 
vided made friends are invited & the Bridegroom & 
the Bride present themselves in their best apparel. 
The company form a circle & they take their stand in 
the centre. The father of the Bride speaks. For 
what purpose do you present yourselves They 
answer, to join hands in wedlock. Our hearts are 
already joined, & we have made a solemn contract 
covenant to be true & faithful to each other. The 
company then all explain. "Blessings will attend 


you if ye fulfil, but Curses if ye transgress. They 
are then conducted jinto a log, round which a Rope is 
tied. The Bride groom takes hold of one end of the 
rope & the Bride the other, <fc being commanded to 
draw the log into the house. They pull in opposite 
directions with all their might. Having worried 
themselves for some time to no purpose to the great 
diversion of the company, the parents of both parties 
step forward & giving them a severe reprimand, com 
mand them to draw in the same direction. They 
instantly obey & the Log is easily drawn to its des 
tined place. The rest of the time is spent in great 
cheerfulness, & meriment. They partake of the 
entertainment & conclude with customary amuse 
ments. The Bridegroom & Bride are now desirous to 
form a family by themselves. If their parents are of 
sufficient ability they furnish them with a convenient 
house & such furniture as will be required for family 
use & such other property as they^will need to enable 
them to obtain a comfortable living. But if their 
parents are poor they receive a pittance & contribu 
tions from relations & neighbours, db are placed in such 
a situation that with proper industry & econimy they 
can live live above indigence <fe enjoy life agreeably. 
At the time they enter their new habitation they are 
attended by Priests <fc by their relation & friends. 
They kneel in the centre of the Room <fc the Priest 
places his right hand on the head of the Bridegroom 
& his left on the head of the Bride. After explaining 
& enjoining in the most solemn manner the various 
duties of the married state, he concludes his injunc 
tions with these words. "My Dear children, I con- 


jure you as you regard your own peace <fe felicity, as 
you would wish to acquire wealth <fe reapectibility__A 
set an example worthy of emitation, that as you are 
now yoked together to draw in the same direction. 
They then rise & he presents each with a piece of 
Parchment on which is written Draw in the same 
direction All the duties of the conjugal state in 
their opinion are comprized in this injunction Com 

As the Priests <fe the Censors were vigilent & care- 
f ul to required to see that parents restrained the 
vices of their children & instructed them in the 
knowledge of their religious principles the effects 
were very conspicuous. 

Having been early taught to restrain the govern 
their passions & to regard the practice of virtue as 
their greatest good, it was generally the case that 
love friendship & harmony existed in families. & 
when parents were treated by their children with 
great tenderness & respect 

Parents manifested an anxious solicitude for the 
future welfare & respectibility of their children, & in 
their turn children treated their parents with respect 
& reverence. Nor did they forsake them in old age, 
but paid provided liberally for their support &^ 

But we are not to suppose that in the most virtu 
ous age of the nation all were virtuous. Far from 
this. But with such punctual exactness were the 
laws executed, in the most prosperous state of the 
nation, that vice & impiety had but few advocates & 


the wicked were ashamed of their own characters. 
Tho every vice was prohibited by law, yet the pen 
alties were not severe. Murder alone was punished 
with death. With respect to other Laws, they were cal 
culated to wound the pride & ambition of the trans 
gressor, <fc produce shame <fc regret. Adultery was- 
is punished by obliging the Culprit to wear a pair of 
Elk horns on his shoulders six days, & to walk thro* 
the City or vilage once each day, at which times 
the boys are at liberty to pelt him with rotten eggs. 
The thief is compelled to make ample restitution. 
For the third offense he is covered with tar & feath 
ers & exhibited as a specticle for laughter & ridicule. 
Pugilists or boxers, if they are equally to blame for 
fighting, are yoked together at least one day, & in 
this situation are presented to the view of the multi 
tude. They must wear the yoke until the quarrel 
is settled. Such being the nature of their penal 
laws & such the punctuality of executing the penal 
ties on offenders that crimes were far less frequent in 
this country than in Europe, where the Laws are 
more severe, & offenders more often escape punish 
ment. Tho learning civilization & refinement had 
not arrived at that state of perfection, in which they 
exist in a great part of the Roman Empire, yet the 
two Empires of Sciota & Kentuck during their long 
period of peace & prosperity, were not less happy As 
luxury and extravagance were scarcely known to 
exist especially among the common people, an 
happy equality was hence there was a great simi 
larity in their manner of living, their dress, their 
habits & manners. Pride was not bloated & puffed 


up with enormous wealth. Nor had envy fewel to 
inflame her hatred & malice. As the two Empires 
were not displeased with each others prosperity & 
happiness & the two governments had no thirst nor 
jealous of nor jealous of each others power, & as the 
governments were not infested with a thirst for con 
quest, Peace of consequence waved her olive branch, 
& the malignant passions lay dormant. Avarice & 
corruption did not contaminate the ruling powers nor 
bribery infest the seats of justice. The people felt 
secure in the enjoyment of their rights, & desirous 
to raise up families to partake of the same blessings 
which they enjoyed 

We can now trace the causes of their increase & 
prosperity. To a religion which presented powerful 
motives to restrain vice & impiety, & encourage vir 
tue. To the difusion of a competent share of learn 
ing & knowledge to enable the people to understand 
their right & enjoy the pleasures of social intercourse. 
To the establishment of political institutions, which 
gagrded property & life against oppressing injustice & 
tyranny.. To the knowledge which the people 
obtained of agriculture & the mechanical arts & their 
habits of industry & econimy. To the mild nature 
of their laws & the certainty of executing the penalty 
upon transgressors, & to such an equality of property 
as to prevent the pride of wealth & the extravagance 
of Luxury. To such causes may be ascribed the 
rapid encrease of population, & the apparent content 
ment & felicity which extended thro every part of 
the country of the Empires. We might add like wise 
the long peace that continued & the friendly inter- 


course that existed between the two rival Empires. 
A peace which had no interruption for the term of 
near five hundred years. During this time their vil 
lages & cities were greatly enlarged, new settlements 
were formed in every part of the country which had 
not been inhabited, & towns a vast number of towns 
were built, which rivaled as to number of inhabitants, 
those which existed at the time their imperial govern 
ments were founded. Their settlements extended the 
whole length of the great River Ohio to its confluence 
with the Mississippi, <fc over the whole country on 
both sides of the Ohio River, which are watered by 
streams which empty into it. And also along the 
great lakes of Eri & Mishigan, & even some settle 
ments were formed in some parts of the country 
which borders on Lake Ontarion. Such was the vast 
extent of the country which they inhabited, & such 
the fertility of the soil, that many milions were easily 
fed & supported with such a plenty, & competence of 
provision as was necessary for their comfort & hap 

During the time of their rising greatness & tran 
quillity, their policy led them to fortify the country in 
every part, the interior as well as the frontiers. This 
they did partly for their own safety, provided a war 
should take place, & they should be invaded by an 
enimy, & partly to keep alive a military & improve a 
warlike spirit, & the knowledge of military tackticks. 
Near every vilage or City they constructed forts or 
fortifications These were generally of an oval form & 
of different dimentions according to the number of 
inhabitants who lived in the town. The Ramparts or 


walls were formed of dirt which was taken in front of 
the fort. A deep canal or trench would likewise be 
formed. This would still increase the dificulty of 
surmounting the walls in front In addition to this 
they inserted sticks pieces of Timber on the top of 
the Ramparts. These peices were about seven feet 
in length from the ground to top, which was sharp- 
ned. The distance between each piece was about 
six inches, thro which they would shoot their arrows 
against an Enimy. Some of their fortifications have 
two Ramparts which run paralel with each other, 
built in the same manner with a distance between of 
about two or three perches. Their gates are strong 
& well constructed for defense. Within these forts 
are likewise a number of small houses, for the accom 
modation of the army & inhabitants, in case of an 
invasion <fc likewise a storehouse for the reception of 
provisions & arms. A country thus fortified, con 
taining so many milions of inhabitants hearty & 
robust & with habits formed for war, might well be 
supposed as able to defend themselvs against an 
invading enimy. If they were beat from the frontier, 
they would still retreat back to the fortifications in 
the interior & there make a successful stand. But 
what avails all the wisdom, the art & the works of 
men, what avails their valour their strength & num 
bers, when the Almighty God is provoked to chastise 
them, & to execute his vengeance in their overthrow 
& destruction. 




As the Sciotans & the Kentuoks had maintained 
with eaoh other an unterrupted peace & friendly 
intercourse for the space of four hundred & eighty 
years, it seems almost incredible that a Cause which 
was of no great importance to either nation, should 
excite their resentment against each other & produce 
all the horrors of war. But such was the unhappy 
effect of an affair, which had no regard to a single 
person except the imperial families Gi the two empires 
& the king of Sciota. As the families had were 
dessended from the great Lobaska, they had during 
the reign of all their Emperors been in the habit of 
visiting each other, but as each Emperor & his chil 
dren were required not to marry out of their respec 
tive dominions, no intermariages had taken place. 
They however claimed relationship, & still continued 
to each other the appelation of our dearest & best 
beloved Cousen. 

A Cousen of this description, who was the eldest 
son of Hamboon, the Emperor of Kentuck arrived at 
the City of Golanga with a small but splendid retinue 
of Friends. At that time Rambock, who was the 
fourteenth Emperor, was seting on the throne of 
Sciota. He received the young Prince with apparent 
sensation of the highest pleasure, & spared no pains 
to manifest towards him by his treatment the greatest 
esteem & friendship. The Emperor had an only son 


whose name was Moonrod. He ordered him to attend 
the young prince & to treat him with every token of 
affection & honour. They spent their time in receiv 
ing visets from the officers of the government, in 
viewing curiosities, & in the assemblies of the first 
Class of young citizens who met for recreation. 

Elseon, for this was the name of the young prince, 
was soon after his arival introduced to Lamesa, the 
eldest daughter of the Emperor. She was a young 
Lady of a very fair & beautiful countenance. Her 
features & the construction of her person were formed 
to please the fancy, whilst the ease & gracefulness & 
modesty of her deportment, were very pleasing to all 
her acquaintance. Her mind was replenished with 
the principles of knowledge & virtue & such was her 
vivacity and the ease with which she expressed her 
ideas, that all were delighted with her conversation. 
No wonder that this fair imperial dansel attracted the 
attention of Elsion, & at their first enterview enkindled 
a spark in his boosom, which he could hardly prevent 
from being discovered thro his blushing counta- 
nance, & the embarassment he felt in conversation. 
He strove to erase those tender impressions which 
she had made on his heart, but in vain; every 
renewed enterview only served only to fix her image 
deeper in his mind with & to make the flame of Love 
more difficult to extinguish. He reasoned on the 
obsticles in the way of obtaining this young lady for 
his partner, but instead of cooling only ser it only 
increased the ardor of his passion, & produced a 
resolution that with the consent of Lamesa, nothing 
should prevent the attainment of his wishes. 


To a mind thus ardent which possessed the native 
courage, resolution & perseverance of Elseo, the most 
gigantic obsticles would vanish into vapour. Nor 
was it long before he found that a correspondent pas 
sion was excited in her breast. The moment she first 
saw him, her heart palpitated, her face was covered 
with crimson, she turned her eyes & attempted to 
speak, her tongue stopt its motion in the midle of a 
period. She .named, sat down & observed that she 
was not well. A description of this scene is painted 
by a Sciotan bard in poetic numbers. He represents 
the young Lady as recovering in a short time from this 
state of agitation <fc confusion, & as being afterwards 
composed & having a better command of her pas 
sions. To follow the poet in the description which he 
gives of Elseon, to whom he attaches a countenance 
& figure superior to other mortals, & qualities which 
produced the universal esteem & admiration, would 
not comport with the faithful page of history. Suf 
fice it to say that Lamesa was captivated with his 
person, & was impressed with those ideas <fc senti 
ments that her happiness fled except when she either 
enjoyed or anticipated his company. After Elsion 
had firmly determined to marry Lamesa, he was 
impatient for a private enterview with her to disclose 
his sentiments. This occured in a short time. They 
were together in one of the apartments of the Emper 
ors palace, the company had all retired. I have, said 
he in a low voice to Lamesa, conceived that opinion 
of you that I hope you will not be displeased if I 
express my feelings with frankness & sincerity. 
You must, she replied, be the best judge of what it is 


proper for you to express. I am always pleased with 
sincerity. As the sun, says he, my dear Lamesa, 
when he rises with his radiant beams, dispels the 
darkness of knight, so it is in your power to dispel 
the clouds of anxiety that rest upon my soul. The 
Crown of Kentuck will be like a Rock on my head, 
unless you will condesend to share with me the glory 
& felicity of my reign. Will you consent to be my 
dearest friend & companion for life? There is 
nothing, she replies, would give me more pleasure 
than a compliance with your request, provided it 
shall meet the approbation of my Father. But 
how can he consent, when our Constitution requires 
that his daughters should marry in his own domin 
ions? Beside, my father intends that I shall receive 
the King of Sciota for my husband. By perform - 
ming, says he, the oerimonies of maraige at Talanga, 
we shall literally comply with the imperial constitu 
tion, as Talanga is within the dominions of your 
Father. But as for the King of Sciota, do you sin 
cerely wish to have him for a husband? No, she 
quickly replies, speaks anger sparkled in her eyes. 
No. the King of Sciota for my husband. His pride, 
his haughtiness, the pomposity of all his movements 
excite my perfect disgust. I should as leave be 
yoked to a porcupine. Several 

These Lovers, as you may well conjecture, said 
many things too tender & endearing to please the 
taste of the common Class of Lovers. In this enter- 
view which lasted about four hours, they exchanged 
the most transporting expression of love, made the 
most solemn protests vows of sincerity & perpetual 


friendship & finally agreed that Elseon should make 
known to the Emperor their mutual desire to be joined 
in wedlock. The next day he wrote to the Emperor 
as follows. 

May it please your most excellent Majesty. Per 
mit me to express my most sincere gratitude for the 
high favors & honour, which thro the beneficence of 
of your Majesty I have enjoyed in your dominions. 
I am likewise impelled to request a favour, which to 
me would be the most precious gift, that is in the 
power of your Majesty to bestow. Having contracted 
an acquaintance with your most amiable daughter 
Lamesa, & finding that a correspondent affection A 
esteem exist in our hearts toward each other A a 
mutual desire to be united by the solemn covenant of 
maraige, I would therefore solicit your Majesty s per 
mission that such a connection be formed. 

Such a connection I conceive, may in its effect be 
very salutary & beneficial to bothe Empires. It will 
unite the two imperial families in a nearer in the bond 
of consanguinity, A fix upon them an additional obli 
gation to cultivate friendship, peace & an amiable 
intercourse. It will strengthen the sinues of both 
governments & promote & promote an happy inter 
change of friendly offices. As to the objection that 
might arise from the constitution requiring, that the 
Emperors daughters should marry in his own domin 
ions, this according to its literal meaning can have 
respect only to the place where the Emperors 
daughter shall marry. If by your Majestys permis 
sion, I should marry your daughter Lamesa in your 
dominions it will be a literal fulfillment of the oonsti- 


tution. From this ground therefore, I conceive that 
no objection of any weight can arise. Will your 
majesty please to vouchsafe me an answer to my 


This letter was presented to the Emperor by 
Helicon, an intimate friend of Elseon. The Emperor 
read it assumed the aspect of deep consideration, 
walked the room a few moments, then took a seat 
& told Helicon that he might inform the young 
prince that he should receive an answer in a ten 

But why this few Ten days, a long time for two 
ardent lovers to remain in suspense. But the Em 
peror must consult his counsellors, his priests & the 
last & most fatal counsellor of all the King of Sciota, 
who presumed to claim the hand of the fair Lamesa. 
The affair became public. The popular sintiment at 
first favoured the connection. The Emperors coun 
sellors & his priests were at first inclined to recom 
mend an affirmative answer. But the interest of the 
Sciotan King soon prevailed. This produced a dif 
ferent view of the subject The Counsellors perceived 
that such a connection would be a most flagrant 
violation of the true meaning & spirit of the constitu 
tion, & the priests considered that it would be an act 
of the greatest impiety, as it transgress an explicit 
injunction of the great founder of their government 
& religion. This opinion had vast Weight on the 
minds of a great majority of the people. The more 
liberal sort vindicated the cause of Elseon. This 


produced a great debate altercation A confusion thro* 
the City. All were anxious to know the Emperora 

On the tenth day the Emperor transmitted to the 
prince the following answer to his letter. 

To our best beloved Cousen Elseon Prince of Ken- 
tuck. The letter we received from your highness has 
impressed our hearts with a deep sense of the honor 
& benefit, which you intended uor family & Empire. 
At first we were inclined to accept of the alliance you 
proposed. But having examined <fe considered the 
subject with great seriousness & attention, we that 
find that to admit your Highness who is not a citizen 
of our Empire to marry into our family, would be a 
most flagrant violation of the true meaning <fe spirit 
of our constitution. & an impious outrage on the 
sacred memory of its Founder For these reasons we 
must solicit your Highness not to insist on our com 
pliance with your request. 


As Elseon had been informed of the complexion 
which his affairs had assumed in the court, & thro 
the City, he was prepared for the alswer which he 

Without manifesting the least chagrin or Resent 
ment, he appeared to acquiesse in the decision of the 
Emperor. He displayed his in his countenance, his 
conversation <fc deportment, his usual cheerfulness 
& vivacity. He continued his amusements & asso 
ciated with company with the same ease, gracefulness 
& dignified conduct which he had done before. At 


the same time, his determination was fixed to trans 
port the fair Lamesa into his fathers dominions. The 
first enterview he had with her after he received the 
Emperors letter, he informed her of its contents. She 
trembled, paleness began to cover her face, & had 
not Elseon received her into his arms, perhaps she 
would have falen from her seat However, by a few 
soothing words and caresses, she was restored to her 
former composure & recollection. Believe me, quoth 
he, my Dearest Lamesa, you shall be mine. This 
heart shall be torn from my bosom, & these limbs 
from my body, nothing else shall prevent our union 
& compleat enjoyment of happiness. Can the ancient 
scribbling of a great sage or the degree of an Em 
peror prevent the streams from uniting with the ocean? 
With the same ease & propriety can they prevent the 
union of our hands, since our hearts are united. 
With your consent, you shall be mine. Is it possible, 
she replies, is it possible to disregard the authority 
of an indulgent & beloved parent & disobey his com 
mand. This I never did. What if he should com 
mand you, says Elseao, to marry the King of Sciota? 
would you obey? He might, she replies, with more 
regard to my happiness, command me to plunge a 
dagger into my heart. I cannot endure that super 
cilious bundle of pride & affectation. 

At this moment her maid entered the room & 
gave her a letter. I received this letter, she says, 
from your Brother, who told me it was from the 
Emperor. She opened it & read. 

My Dearest & best beloved Daughter. 

Having the most tender & affectionate 


regard for your future welfare A felicity, we have 
concluded a treaty of marriage between you <fc 
Lambul the King of Sciota. This alliance will be 
honourable to our family & be productive of many 
benefits to the Empire. On the tenth day from this 
time the nuptial ceremonies will be celebrated, con 
summated in our Palace. You will be in readiness & 
yield a cheerful compliance with our will. 

Had the lightning flashed from the clouds & pierced 
her heart, it could not have produced a more instan 
taneous effect. She fell into the arms of Elseon, the 
maid ran for a cordial. Elseon rubed her temples 
& hands & loosened the girdle about her waist. 
Within about an hour her blood began to circulate. 
Elseon to his inexpressible joy felt her pulse begin 
to beat, & perceived flashes of colour in her face. 
With a plaintive groon, she once more opened her 
eyes to the beams of day, & in a kind of wild dis 
traction exclaimed, Ah cruel, cruel Father, why have 
you doomed your daughter to a situation the most 
odious & disgustful. As well might you have thrown 
her into a den of porcupines, opossums A serpents. 
With such animals I could enjoy life with less disgust 
<fc torment, than with this mighty King of Sciota, and 
An alliance with him an honour to our family, an 
honour to the descendants of the great Lobaska! 
What wicked counsellors have deceived my Father, & 
induced him to throw me into the arms of this hateful 
monster? Ah, whither shall I fly & escape my bar- 
berous destiny. I am your protector, says Elseon. | 
am your friend & will conduct you beyond the loving 


& gigantic grasp of Sambol. His loathsome arms 
shall never encircle my dear Lamesa. Consent to 
my request & we will be within ten days at the City 
of Gamba. There you will be esteemed as the 
brightest Orniment of my Fathers Empire. No 
longer Oh Elseon, she exclaimed, can I refuse my 
consent to your proposal. When a compliance with 
my fathers commands will entail wretchedness & 
misery thro life. Heaven will pardon my disobe 
dience. Yes, Elseo, I will go with you, & place my 
happiness in your power, rather than fall into the 
hands of this haughty Sambul. 

What could she say more to excite the feelings of a 
heartTstruggling under the operation of different pas 
sions &^pposite^motives. She has taken her resolu 
tion, love has gained the preeminence over every 

At this resolution, Elseon was transported with joy. 
He now proceedejMx) form his plans for their flight. 
On the fourth day after, he called upon the Emperor 
& requested his permission to depart to his own 
Country^ The Emperor importuned him to tarry & be 
one of the guests at Lamesas wedding. But he 
declined ^by urging as his apology the anxiety & 
impatience of his father for his return. Permission 
was granted, & the Emperor aded that he should do 
himself the honour to furnish the prince with an 
escort when he left the city. Elseon replied that as 
he was not fond of much parade, he would wish that 
the escort might not consist of the Emperors soldiers, 


only his friend <fe his daughter A with with each of 
them a friend. These says he, are my dearest <fe best 
beloved cousens, for whom I shall ever retain the 
most sincere friendship. Nothing can afford me 
more pleasure, says the Emperor, than to comply 
with your request. 

Elseon took an affectionate leave of the Emperor 
A on the second day after, being prepared for his 
journey he set off with his three friends <t their eerv- 
ants. Moonrod, prince of the Empire, & Lamesa 
with her two sisters, with each of them a friend, 
attended them on his journey about twenty miles. 
They all tarried at a vilage over night. 

Imagination alone can paint the pleasant <fe happy 
scene. Elseon was transported with joy. He prest 
her to his bosom with all the ardor of inthusiasm, <fc 
she yielded to all his tender & innocent embraces 
with a grateful sensibility & modest resignition. 

The invention & ingenuity of Elseon must now 
be employed in forming a plan for their flight to his 
Fathers dominions. As he appeared to acquiesse in 
the decision of the Emperor, & had maintained the 
same cheerful deportment, none were suspicious of 
his design. The Emperor & the whole court still 
manifested toward him every token of high respect & 
sincere friendship. Without any hesitation, the 
Emperor complied with his request that his dear 
cousins, the son & the three daughters of the 
Emperor, with each of them a friend, should accom 
pany him about twenty miles on his return to Ken- 
tuck. The retinue of the young Prince consisted of 


four of his most intimate friends & their servants. 
He took care to send their baggage on by two serv 
ants one day before they set out. The morning 
arived, the sun shone with radiant splendor, not a 
cloud intervened or was seen to float in the atmos 
phere. It was the fourth day after Lamesa had 
received the letters which doomed her to the embraces 
of Sambul. The Emperor, his Counsellors, his Priests 
& principal officers assembled, & having invited the 
young prince & his friends to meet them, they 
entered the circle with great ceremony. The Em 
peror then addressed the Young Prince, thanked 
him for the honour of his viset & expressed his firm 
determination, to maintain a sincere friendship & an 
inviolable peace with the government of Kentuck. 
Elseon replied that the whole sentiments would meet 
the cordial approbation of his Father, who retained 
the same sentiments of friendship & peace toward 
the government of Sciota. He then thanked the 
Emperor & the whole assembly for the high respect 
they had shown him. This was done with that frank 
ness & apparent sincerity that the whole assembly 
were highly pleased. The Emperor then embraced 
him & gave him his blessing. Customary ceremonies 
were mutually exchanged by the whole company, & 
even tears were seen to drop from every eye. 

As the whole of this parade indicates no flight of 
Elseon & Lamesa, we must now view them with their 
select company of friends setting out on a short 
journey. All mounted on horses, they rode about 
twenty miles to a village where they halted. An eli- 
gant supper was provided, they were chearful & 


sociable, none appeared more so, that Elseon & 
Lamesa. The next day Elsean requested the com 
pany of his dear cousens a short distance on his 
journey. When they had rode about two miles they 
halted & proposed to take their leave of each other 
Lamesa & her friend, without being perceived by the 
company rode on. It was a place where the road 
turned, & by riding one rod, they could not be seen. 
The rest of the company entered into a short con 
versation & passed invitation for reciprocal visets <fc 
friendly offices. They then clasped each others 
hands & bowing very low, took an affectionate fare 
well. But where are Lamesa & her friend? During 
these ceremonies their horses move with uncommon 
swiftness, her heart palpitates with an apprehension 
that she might be overtaken by her brother. But 
now a friend more dear, her beloved Elseon, with his 
companions, outstrip the wind in their speed. & 
within one hour & half they overtake these fearful 
Damsels. They all precipitate their course, casting 
their eyes back every moment to no purpose, her 
pursuers. But pursuers had not sufficient time to 
overtake them. They safeijTarive on~the Bank of 
the Great River. Elseon & Lamesa were the first 
that entered the boat, the rest follow. & such was 
Klseons engagedness & anxiety to secure his fair 
prize, that he even seized an oar and used it with 
great strength & dexterity. As their feet stept on the 
opposite shore, Elseon claspt his hands <fc spoke 
aloud, Lamesa is mine. She is now beyond the grasp 
of a pompous tyrant, & the control of a father whose 
mind is blinded by the sordid advice of a menial 


junto of counsellors & priests. She is mine & shall 
soon be the Princess of Kentuck. Their movement is 
no slow thro the remaining part of their journey. 
They at length arive at the great City of Gamba. 
We may now contemplate them as having new scenes 
to pass thro* Not to delineate the parade which was 
made at the court of Hamboon, for the reception of 
his son, Lamesa, & their friends, or to describe the 
joy that was exhibited in every part of the city on 
their arival, & the universal surprize occasioned by 
the story of the flight of these two Lovers. Suffice it 
to say, that those who beheld Lamesa did not blame 

As Hamboon was not very punctilious in his regard 
for the constitution, being possessed of very liberal 
sentiments, Elseon found no difficulty in obtaining 
his consent to marry Lamesa. On the fourth day 
after their arival, Elseon & Lamesa, with each of 
them a friend appeared on a stage, which was erected 
on the public square of the City. The Emperor & 
Empress with his counsellors, his Priests his officers, 
& all his relations, with the -principal Ladies of the 
City, formed a procession & surrounded the stage. 
The common Citizens being a great multitude, took 
their stands as they pleased. The Emperor & 
Empress then mounted the stage, & united Elseon & 
Lamesa in the bond of wedlock according to custom. 
& as pulling the Log was an indespensible ceremony 
one was provided with a rope around it on the stage. 
The Bridegroom & Bride played their parts in pulling 
the rope with such dexterity & gracefulness, that the 
whole assembly was most pleasingly entertained. 


When all was ended, the whole assembly clapetf their 
hands & cried, Long live Elseon & Lamesa. & giv 
ing three huzzas, the common citizens dispersed. 
The rest repaired to a sumptuous entertainment, & 
spent the remaining part of the day & evening in 
conversation, singing & recreation. 


THE reader will recollect that Elseon A his friends 
left Moonrod & his friends in a very pleasant mood 
without the least suspicion, that Lamesa & her friend 
had deserted them. When they had arrived at the 
vilage, what was their surprize when they found that 
Lamesa & her friend were not in the company, nor 
had any one any recollection of her being in com 
pany, after they had stopped to take their leave of 
Elseon. Moonrod & the other gentlemen immediately 
rode back with the greatest speed to the place where 
they had halted, <fc not finding any traces of her 
Lamesa the conclusion was then certain that she had 
prefered the company of the young Prince & was on 
her \vay to Kentuck. 

Pursuit would be in vain. Their only alternative 
was to hasten back to carry the doleful intelligence 
to the Emperor. Their speed was nearly equal to 
that of Elseon. Without waiting to perform the cus 
tomary ceremony of entering the palace, Moonrod 
immediately rushed into the Emperors presence, & 
exclaimed, your daughter Lamesa has been seduced 
by Elseon to leave our company unperceived, & has 
gone with him to Kentuck. Nothing but the pencil 


of the Limner, could paint the Astonishment of the 
Emperor. He rose, stood motionless for a moment, 
then staring fiercely on Moonrod he spoke, is it pos 
sible, is it possible, are you not mistaken my Son. I 
am not, says he, my most excellent Father. I am 
not mistaken. This morning we attended Elseon a 
small distance from the village where we lodged. 
When we had halted to take our leave & our attention 
was all engaged she & her friend she & her friend 
rode off unperceived by any of our company nor did 
we miss her until we arived again at the vilage. We 
have made full search & enquiry, & find that she has 
absolutely gone with the young prince to Kentuck. 
What an ingrate says the Emperor, what a monster 
of hipocrisy Did the honourable attention we have 
shown him demand such treatment? How has he 
insulted the dignity of our family & outraged the 
high authority of our government. This affair will 
demand the most serious consideration. O Lamesa, 
Lamesa, my darling my best beloved child, was it 
possible for you to be so deceived by that artful 
prince, was it possible for you to disobey the com 
mand of your indulgent father? as they stept on the 
covering top of the canal, the thin pieces of timber 
broke & they all plunged in & found themselves in an 
instant at the bottom of the canal. Surprised & ter- 
rified & tliey soon found themselves in no situation to 
vindicate their exclusive right to wear blue feathers 
in their caps. They were compleatly in the power of 
their enimies who returned quick upon them They 
demanded quarter & surrendered themselves pris- 


oners of war. And giving up their arms, their 
demand was granted. In the meantime a party of 
Soiotans who lay in ambuah, on the side of the Hill 
rushed down upon the reserved corps of the Ken- 
tucks, who being filled with consternation at the 
direful disaster of their companions, surrendered 
themselvs prisoners of war without a struggle. 
Thus in a few moments, by pursuing the stratigem or 
plan of Lobaska, An army of thirty Thousand men 
were captured, <fe the pride & haughtiness of a mighty 
Prince was humbled. Not a drop of blood was shed 
to accomplish the whole. 

& bring upon our family such wretchedness <fc dishon 
our. Fame with Her Thousand tongues commenced 
her pleasing employment, & as swift as the wings of 
Time she wafted the inteligence thro the City with 
many distorted & exaggerated particulars. All was 
astonishment confusion & uproar. Resentment 
enkindled her indignant sparks into a flame & the 
general cry was revenge & war. The Sciotan King 
was walking in his parlour, feeding his imagination 
with the pleasing prospect of his. future glory & 
felicity. I am, quoth he to himself, honoured above 
all the other princes of the Empire, <fc even above 
the heair apparent to the imperial crown of Kentuck. 
Who could be admitted except myself to marry this 
fair Lamesa, the eldest daughter of the Emperor, the 
most amiable the most accomplished & the most hon 
orable Lady in the universe. This is a distinction 
which will place me on equal ground with the 


Emperor himself, & command from all my subjects 
the homage of their highest respect and reverence. 
Besides I have a soul that can relish the charms of 
the beautiful maid. She will adore me as her Lord & 
think herself highly honoured & exceeding happy to 
submit to my most endearing & affectionate 
embraces. But ah, mighty Sambul, you little 
tho t how soon this delightful prospect would be 
reversed, & that your soul would be filled with 
chagrin indignation & revenge. A messenger burst 
into his parlour & announced the astonishing tidings 
of Lamesas elopement. She had absolutely gone, 
says he, to become the wife of Elseon, & the empress 
of Kentuck. Not the wondrous & instantaneous 
roar of ten Thousand thunders instantaneously 
thro* the atmosphere, could have produced greater 
surprise. His countanance was all amazement It was 
for a moment covered with paleness, his lips quiv 
ered, his knees smote together & his gigantic body 
trembled like the shaking of a tower under the effects 
of an earthquake. But soon after a little silent his 
reflections & cogitations caused the blood to return 
with a ten -fold velocity into his face, it assumed the 
colour of redness & clinching He assumed the atti 
tude of terrific majesty & poured forth his feelings in 
a voice more terrible than the roaring of a volcano. 
How have I been abused, dishonoured, insulted & 
outraged. How have my prospects of glory been 
instantaneously blasted & my character, my character 
become the ridicule of a laughing world. What 
felicities of enjoying the imperial maid in my arms, 


adoring me for her husband are now vanished. A by 
whom am I thus disgraced insulted & injured? By 
the mock prince of Kentuck, an effeminate stripling, 
a cringing & plausible Upstart. He has robed me 
of the fairest orniment of my kingdom, sjhe Lamesa, 
who was mine by solemn contract, & must he now 
revel in her charms which are mine, & pride himself 
in those deceitful arts by which he has seduced her, 
& stolen her from my enjoyment? No, ungrateful & 
insidious monster, your triumph shall be of short 
duration, & this arm shall viset your crimes upon 
your head with a ten -fold vengence. Having poured 
forth a torrent of the most dreadful imprecations & 
menaces, he left his parlour & walked forth to consult 
his principal officers on the best plan to obtain 

In the meantime the Emperor, less haughty & 
indignant, & possessed of sentiments more humane 
& benelent, sent an invitation to his Counsellors to 
attend him. They were unanimous in the opinion 
that the offense of Elseon required reparation. But 
should war be the consequence, if he refused to 
return Lamesa? On this question, two of the coun 
sellors contended that an humble recantation would 
repair the injury done to the honour of the imperial 
family, & the authority of the government. The 
other two insisted that they should demand in addi- 
tion that would not be sufficient But that they should 
demand in addition ten Mammouth which would be 
an adequate compensation, but they all depreciated 
the horrors of war. In the midst of their debetea 
which were managed with great coolness & imparti- 


ality, Sambul presented himself. I have come forward 
says he, may it please your most excellent majesty, 
to demand the fulfillment of that solemn contract, 
which you made to deliver me your eldest daughter 
in marriage. She has been surreptitiously carried 
off by the young prince of Kentuck. She is mine by 
contract & your majesty is bound to deliver her to me. 
I demand Let her be immediately demanded, & if the 
Emperor the father of the young prince shall refuse 
to return her, this will implicate him in the same crime 
& be a sufficient cause of war. In that case war will 
be indespensible to vindicate the honour of our 
respective crowns, & the rights of the Empire. I 
should then give my voice for war, & would then 
never sheathe my sword until the torrents of blood 
had made expiation for the ingratitude baseness & 
perfidy of the young Princy. An humble recanta 
tion or the delivery of ten mammouth, would this be 
a sufficient reparation for such an offense so flagi 
tious? No, the very proposal would be an insult on 
the dignity of our government. Can anything short 
of the repossession of the fair object stolen, of the 
invaluable prize felonously taken from us, be an 
adequate compensation? Nothing short of this can 
heal our bleeding honour, appease the indignation 
of our subjects, & reinstate friendship & and an ami 
cable intercouse, between both Empires. Let this be 
your demand that Lamesa shall be returned. Let a 
refusal be followed by an immediate declaration of 
war, Let the resources & energies of the nation be 
called forth. Assemble your armies & pour destruc 
tion upon all who shall oppose the execution of our 


revenge. I myself will lead the van A mingle my arm 
with those who fight the most bloody battles. . Heroes 
shall fall before us, their towns shall be laid in ruins, 
& carnage shall glut our indignant Swords. 

When further deliberation had taken place, the 
Emperor & two of his counsellors adopted the advice 
of Sambul to demand Lamesa <fc an envoy was 
immediately "dispatched to the Emperor of Kentuck 
with the following Letter. 

May it please your most gracious majesty. Noth 
ing could have given us more pleasure than the dis 
position you manifested in sending Elseon, the heir 
apparent to your crown to viset our family. We 
treated him as our dearest Cousen <fc as our most 
intimate friend. He was invited to associate with our 
children, <fc to consider himself whilst he tarried as a 
member of our family. Such being the confidence 
we placed in his rectitude & honour, that he assumed 
the liberty to contract the most intimate acquaint 
ance with Lamesa, our eldest daughter. This pro 
duced an agreement between them, that with our 
consent they would be united in marriage. Nothing 
could have been more pleasing than such a connec 
tion. But we found that it would be a most flagrant 
violation of the true meaning & spirit of our constitu 
tion, & an impious outrage on the memory of its 
great founder. For these reasons, we signified our 
pleasure that Elseon would not insist on our com 
pliance with his request. He appeared to acquiesse 
in our decision. & we afterwards contracted with 
Sambul, King of Sciota to give her in marriage to 


But the after conduct of your son, may it please 
your most gracious majesty, did not correspond with 
the high confidence we placed in him. With deep 
regret & the most painful sensations we are compeled 
to declare that he has committed a crime which has 
disturbed our peace & happiness, dishonoured our 
family & outraged the authority of our government, 
& the rights of our Empire. He has formed a plan 
to transport Lamesa into your dominions. To accom 
plish this, he made use of the most insidious arts, 
He took advantage of our clemency & indescretion, 
& the high respect we manifested toward him, & 
without our consent & contrary to our will, he has 
succeeded in transporting to the City of Gamba. 
in his perfidious design. Lamesa is doubtless with 
you in the City of Gamba. A crime which of such 
malignity, committed against the honour & interest & 
dignity of our family government & Empire demands 
reparation. Your majesty will perceive that the only 
adequate reparation which can be made, will be the 
return of Lamesa to our dominions. We therefore 
demand that she be conveyed back with all possible 

No other alternative can prevent the interruption 
of that confidence friendship & peace, which have 
long continued between both Empires, & save them 
from the horrors & calamities of war. 


When Hamboon had received this letter, he imme 
diately invited his counsellors to attend him, & laid 
it before them, & as it was a subject of vast impor- 


tance to the Empire, he likewise invited his priests & 
principal officers to join them in council. The vari 
ous passions appeared to operate in the course of 
their consultation. To avoid Hostilities, with all its 
attendant calamities, was what they most ardently 
desired, & some contended that if no other alterna 
tive could be agreed upon, it would be for the inter 
est of the Empire & the best policy to return the 
princess, but others reprobated this measure as 
pusilanimous, & cowardly & advised if no other repa 
ration would be received, to retain the princess & 
maintain the conflict with a manly & heroic firmness. 
What, say they, do not honour & justice require that 
we should defend the rights of the imperial family? 
If the Sciotan government should demand that we 
should send them our Emperor or Empress, would 
not honour impel us to spurn at the demand, & reject 
it with indignation? Their present demand is as pre 
posterous & as insulting. No satisfaction will they 
receive for the supposed injury, except that we 
should seize the Princess of the Empire, tare her 
from the bosom of her consort & transport her to 
Sciota. Are we capable of an act so unjust & inhu 
man, so base & disgraceful? As the debate was pro 
ceeding Elseon rose. May I says he claim your 
attention a moment. Undaunted by the cruel 
demand <fc haughty menace of the Sciotan govern 
ment, I am willing to abide your decision. If trans 
porting Lamesa into our dominions when she had 
been most unjustly & inhumanly denied me for a 
companion, is a crime so perfidious <fc flagitious as of 
such magnitude, then inflict a punishment that shall 


be adequate to the offense. But if the Almighty, 
whose benevolence is infinite, has designed the union 
of hands where hearts are united, I have then trans 
gressed no divine law, but have obeyed the divine 
will. I am therefore innocent of any crime. I have 
an undoubted right to retain Lamesa for my wife, & 
no government on earth have any authority from 
heaven to tear her from my bosom. Nor will I sub 
mit to such an event, so long as the life blood circu 
lates thro* my heart & warms my limbs. If war must 
be the consequence of my proceedings, which trans 
gressed no principle of honour justice or humanity, 
were both innocent <fc honourable, it will give me the 
most painful feelings. I shall deplore its calamities, 
but will never shrink like a Dastard from the conflict. 
The Sciotan King, who is at the bottom of all the 
mischief shall never behold me fleeing before his 
gigantic sword, or skulking to avoid a single combat 
with him. You have therefore no other alternative 
but either first to slay your prince, & then like 
cowards to send back your princess to Sciota, or else 
to make immediate preparations to meet their threat 
ened vengeance, with fortitude & courage. 

This speach of the young prince united the whole 
council. & they unanimously agreed to reject the 
demand of the Sciotan government. A letter was 
written & an Envoy dispatched, with instructions to 
attempt a reconciliation. He precipitated his journey 
to the court of Rambock, & when he arrived, he 
delivered him the following letter. 

May it please your most excellent Majesty. Next 


to the welfare & prosperity of our Empire, we should 
rejoice in the welfare A prosperity of yours. It is 
therefore with extreme regret that we view the 
unhappy difference, which has arisen A which threat 
ens to involve the two Empires in the calamities of 

Had you demanded a reparation for the supposed 
injury which which would consist with the principles 
of justice A the honour of our crown & government, it 
should be given you with the utmost cheerfulness. 
But to return you Lamesa, who has now become the 
princess of Kentuck, would be tearing her from the 
arms of an affectionate husband A breaking the bond 
of solemn wedlock. As the compliance with your 
demand, will subject us to the commission of such an 
injustice A cruelty, it must therefore be our duty to 
declare that we will not return the young princess. A 
as such an event would destroy her happiness as well 
as that of her affectionate consort, we shall permit her 
to tarry in our dominions A grant her protection. We 
are however desirous that an honourable reconcilia 
tion may take place, & a good understanding be 
restored. To effect this most important A very desir 
able object, we have given full authority to Labanko 
our beloved brother, the bearer of this Letter, to 
negotiate a settlement of our difference, provided 
you will receive anything as a substitute for what 
the object you have demanded. 


The mind of Rambock was not formed for the per 
petual exercise of resentment, A malice, A having 
conversed a considerable time with Labanco, who 


apologized for the conduct of the young prince with 
great ingenuity his anger abated & he felt a disposi 
tion for the negotiation of friendship. But the indig 
nation & malice of Sambul encreased with time, his 
dark soul thirsted more ardently for revenge, & noth 
ing would satisfy but blood & carnage. He employed 
instruments to assist in faning the spark of resent 
ment, & blowing them into the flames of war. Not 
content to represent facts as they existed, & in their 
true colours, monstrous stories were fabricated & put 
in circulation, calculated to excite prejudice & rouse 
the resentment of the people against Elseon, & the 
whole Empire of Kentuck. He had recourse to a 
class of men who were denominated prophets & con 
jurors to favour his designs. They had for many 
ages a commanding influence on the minds of a great 
majority of the people. As they pretended to 
understand, have art of investigating the councils & 
designs of the heavenly Hierarchy, & to have 
a knowledge of future events, the people listened 
with pleasure to their representations, predictions & 
tho t it impious to question or doubt their fulfilment 
A small company of these necromanceers or juglers 
assembled on the great square of the City, & mounted 
a stage which was provided for them. The citizens 
attended It was a prodigious concourse of all classes 
of citizens The of all descriptions both wise & simple, 
both male & female. They surrounded the stage & 
were all attention. All anxious to learn the decrees 
of heaven, & the future destinies of the Empire. 
Drofalick, their chief prophet extended his arms & 
cast up his eyes to -Heaven. Quoth he, Heaven 


unfolds her massy gates, & opens to my view a pros 
pect wide & vast. The seven sons of the great Spirit 
seize their glittering swords, & swear that they shall 
not be sheathed till blood in torrents run & deluge 
the fair land of Kentuck I behold armies martialing 
on the celestial plain, & hear warriors 4 heroes cry, 
Avenge the crime of Elseon. I hear a thundering, 
voice proceeding from the great throne of him who 
rules the world, proclaiming thus, Corn shall not 
grow in the Sciotan fields nor mammouth yield their 
milk, nor fish be taken in the snare but pestilence 
shall roam, unless Sciota shall avenge the crime of 
Elseon. Drofalick ended his prophesy. Hamaok 
then arose & in his hand he held a stone which he 
pronounced transparent. Thro this he could view 
things present & things to come, could behold the 
dark intriques & cabals of foreign courts, A behold 
discover hidden treasures, secluded from the eyes of 
other mortals. He could behold the galant A his 
mistress in their bedchamber, & count all their moles 
warts & pimples. Such was the clearness of his 
sight, when this transparent stone was placed before 
his eyes. He looked firmly & steadfastly on the 
stone & raised his prophetick voice. I behold Ham- 
boon with all his priests & great officers assembled 
around him "With what contempt he declares he 
despises all the Sciotans. They are, says he, cow 
ards & poltroons. They dare not face my brave 
warriors. Here I see four men coming forward bear 
ing an image, formed with all the fetures of ugliness 
& deformity. This they called Sambul the King of 
Sciota, the whole company break forth into boister- 


ous Laughing. Ah, see & they are outing off his 
head with their swords. Yes, & are now kicking it 
about the palace. Here is a pole, it is stuck upon 
that & carried thro the City. Oh my loving sparks, 
Elseon & Lamesa, what makes you so merry? Why 
Elseon says he has outwitted the Sciotans, he has 
got the prize & he little regards their resentment. 
Hamack was proceeding with such nonsensical vis 
ions, when the whole multitude interrupted him with 
a cry, Revenge, Revenge, "We will convince the 
Kentuckans that we are not cowards or poltroons. 
Their heads shall pay for their sport in kicking 
about the pretended head the head of our pretended 
beloved King We will avenge the crime of Elseon. 
The great & good Being is on our side & threatens us 
with famine & pestilence, unless we avenge the crime 
of Elseon. 

The arts of the Conjurers were the consummation 
of Sambuls plan to produce in the minds of the mul 
titude an enthusiasm & rage for war. He now repairs 
to the Emperor & solicits him to assemble his coun 
sellors immediately, proclaim war & concert measures 
for its prosecution. The Emperor replies that they 
should soon be assembled, but as to war, it was a 
subject which reguired great consideration. 

Early on the next day his counsellors -priests & 
principal officers met him in the council room. He 
laid before them the Letter of Hamboon, & added 
observed that tho* the government of Kentuck had 
refused to return Lamesa, yet they had offered to 
make to our government a recantation, for Elseon s 
crime, <fe to pay us almost any sum as a reparation 


for our injury. The council sat silent for some time. 
At length the venerable Boakim arose. 

I must beg, says he, the indulgence of your 
majesty, <fe this honourable council for a few 
moments. Never did I rise with such impressions 
of the high importance of our deliberations, as what 
I now feel. The great question to be decided, is 
peace or war. If peace can be preserved with honour, 
then let us maintain peace, but if not, let us meet war 
with fortitude & courage. 

As to the great Crime of Elseon, no one presumes 
to present an apoligy. Even their own government 
acknowledge that he had been guilty of a great 
Crime. But is it of such malignity as to require the 
conflagration of towns, & cities & the lives of milions 
to make an expiation? Can no other reparation con 
sistent with justice and humanity be received? Or 
must we compel in order to have an atonement made 
for the crime of Elseon compel the government of 
Kentuck to commit another crime to separate, to tear 
from each others embrace the husband & wife? Such 
a reparation as this, we cannot in justice expect. 
Shall we then accept of no other? Cannot our bleed 
ing honour be healed without sheding blood without 
laying a whole Empire in ruins? Such refined notions 
of honour may prove our own ruin, as well as the 
ruin of those on whom we attempt to execute our 
vengence The calamities of war have a reciprocal 
action on the parties. Each must expect to endure a 
portion of evils, how large a portion would fall to our 
share in case of war, it is not for us to determine. 
While thirsting for revenge, we contemplate with 


infinite pleasure, their armies routed, & their warriors 
bleeding under our swords their women helpless & 
children expiring by thousands, & their country in 
flames. But reverse the scene. Suppose the enimy 
have as much wit, as much stratagim, courage, 
strength & inhumanity as what we you possess, & 
such may be your situation. When the floodgate is 
once opened, who can stop the torrent, & prevent 
devastation & ruin. We ought therefore It was never 
designed by the great & good Being that his children 
should contend, & destroy that existence which he 
gave them, they all have equal rights & ought to 
strive to maintain peace & friendship. This has been 
the maxim of our fathers & this the doctrine taught 
by the great Founder of our government & religion. 
Under the influence of this maxim, our nation has 
grown to an emence multitude, & contentment & hap 
piness have been universal. But why can we not 
enjoy peace with honour? What insurmountable 
obsticles are there to prevent? Why truely a recan 
tation & (word illegible) are no compensation for 
the injury? For other offenses these are accepted, 
& why must the offense of Elseon be singular? 

The Emperors daughter we presume is happy, nor 
can it be a disgrace to the imperial family that she 
has married the son of an emperor, the heir apparent 
to his crown. But she wasjo have been the wife of 
Sambui, the King of Sciota We can therefore with 
honour to our government accept the reparation 
offered. & thus preserve the blessings of peace. 
But if we suffer resentment, pride & ambition to 


plunge us into a war, where will its mischiefs, where 
will its miseries end? As to both empires are nearly 
equal as to numbers & resources, I will venture to 
predict their eventual overthrow & destruction. 

Boakim would have proceeded, but Hamkol rose & 
interrupted. It was impudence in the extreme, but 
he had much brass & strong lungs, & could be heard 
further than Boakim 

"Such sentiments, says he, may comport with the 
infirmities of age, but they are too degrading & cow 
ardly for the vigor of youth & manhood. If we suffer 
insult, perfidy & outrage to pass with impunity, we 
may afterwards bend our necks to be trodden upon 
by every puny upstart, and finical coxcomb. No. 
Let us march with our brave warriors into the domin 
ion of Hamboon. This effeminate & luxurious Court 
will tremble at our presence & yield the fair Lamesa 
unto our possession. But if they should still have the 
temerity to refuse, we will then display our valour by 
inflicting upon them a punishment, which their crimes 
deserve. Yes, our valiant heroes shall gain immortal 
renown by their heroic exploits. & by the destruction 
of all shall who Sciota will ever after have the pre 
eminence over Kentuck, & compel her haughty sons 
to bow in our presence. Let war be proclaimed. & 
every kingdom & tribe from the River to the Lakes 
will pour forth their warriors, anxious to avenge our 
countrys wrongs. Scarce had he done speaking. 
And Lakoonrod, the High Priest arose. He was in 
the interest of Sambul & had married his sister. He 
had taken great umbrage at Elseon, for saying that 


the priesthood had too great an assendency at the 
court of Hambock. And lifting up his sanctimoneous 
eyes slowly toward heaven, & extending his right 
reverand hand a little above an horizontal position he 

When the laws which are contained in our holy 
religion are transgressed, it is my duty as High 
Priest of the Empire to give my testimony against 
the transgression. Elseon, the heir apparent to 
the imperial throne of Kentuck has been guilty of 
Robery & impiety within our dominions. He has 
robed this Empire of an invaluable treasure, & as 
his crime is a most flagicious transgression of our 
divine law it must have been committed in defiance 
of the high authority of heaven, therefore it is an 
act of the greatest impiety. The injury the insult 
& the outrage has not been committed against us 
alone, if this was the case, perhaps we might accept 
of reparation; but it is committed against the throne 
of Omnipotence & in defiance of his authority. No 
reparation can of consequence be received, except it 
be a return of the stolen treasure, or the Blood of 
the Transgressor. Nothing else can satisfy the 
righteous demand of the Great and good Being. He 
therefore calls upon the civil power to execute his 
vengeance, to inflict an exempleary punishment. And 
as it is his cause & you are imployed as his instru 
ments, you may be assured that his almighty arm will 
add strength to your exertions, & give you a glori 
ous victory over your enimies. The mighty atchieve- 
ments of your warriors shall immortalize their names, 


& their heads shall be crowned with never fading 
laurels. & as for those who shall die, gloriously 
fighting in the cause of their country & their God, 
they shall immediately receive etherial bodies, & 
shall arise quickly to the abodes of increasing 
delight and glory. 

He said no more. He had discharged some part 
of his malice against Elseon, for saing that the 
priesthood had too much influence in the court of 
Rambock. The door was now opened & it was seen 
that Sambul at the head of a great multitude of 
citizens, had taken their stand in front of the house, 
all crying with a loud voice, Revenge & war. Long 
live the Emperor & King. We will avenge their 
wrongs. This uproar & the harang of the high 
Priest determined the wavering mind of the Em 
peror. But the venerable Boakim <fc Bilhawa 
opposed~the torrent & stood as stood firm They 
boldly affirmed that a war was impolitic & unjuBtifi- 
abe But the Their opposition however, was in vain. 
The popular voice was against them & the other two 
counsellors Hamkal & Gammaok gave their vote for 
war urged with great vehemence that war should be 

In vain were all the reasonings of the venerable 
Boakim & Bilhawan. The other two counsellors, 
Hamkol & Gamanko joining the Emperor, they pro 
ceeded to made out a declaration of war. It was in 
these words. 

War is declared by the government & Empire of 
Sciota against the government & Empire of Ken- 


tuck. The Sciotans are required to exterminate with 
distinction of age or sex all the inhabitants of the 
Empire of Kentuck. They are required to burn their 
houses & either to destroy or take possession of their 
property, for their own use & benefit. This des 
truction is demanded by the great benevolent Spirit 
& the Empire government of Sciota 

A copy of this declaration was given to Labanco 
the brother & Envoy of Hamboon. He demanded a 
guard to defend him against the rage of the common 
people, who discovered a disposition to plunge their 
swords into the heart of every man whose fortune it 
was to be born on the other side of the River. 
Labanco was guarded as far as the River & con 
veyed across in safety. He repaired to Gamba 
& there he proclaimed the intelligence of the declara 
tion of War & there made known all the proceedings 
of the Sciotan government. 
Fond Parents 

I have received two letters the 10th jan 
1812 the last mentioned Mr. Kings dismission from 
you, wich no doubt is great trial to you Christian 
Minister is great loss to any to any people - - - - 
teaches us the uncertainty of all sublinary enjoy 
ments & where to place our better trust & happiness 
NOTE OF COPYIST. The above fragment of a letter is all 

that appears on page 132, after which the next leaf, pp. 

133-4, is missing. The narrative then goes on thus. 

Hambolan, King of Chiauga was the next proud chief 
who appeared at Tolanga, with a chosen band of 
warriors. He had fifteen thousand who boasted of 


superior strength A ability. Their countanances 
were fierce & bold, being true indicators of their 
hearts which feared no danger. They were always 
obedient to the orders of their king, who always 
sought the most conspicuous place for the display of 
his valor. Possessed of gigantic strength & of aston 
ishing agility, he was capable of performing the most 
brilliant achievements, which would almost exceed 
belief His mind was uncultivated by science & his 
passions were subject to no restraint. His resent 
ment was quick & fiery & his anger knew no bounds 
for expression Nothing was concealed in his heart, 
whether friendship or enmity, but always exhibited 
by expressions by expressions strong & extravagant. 
He had a soul formed for war. In the bustle of the 
campaign in the sanguine field where heroes fell, 
beneath his conquering sword his ambition was grati 
fied & he acquired the highest martial glory. 

Ulipoon King of Michegan received the orders of 
the Emperor twith with great joy War suited his nig- 
ardly & avaricious soul, as he was in hopes to 
obtain great riches from the spoils of the enimy. 
Little did he regard the miseries & destruction of 
others, if by this means he oould obtain wealth & 
agrandize himself. A mind so contracted & selfish, 
was not capable of imbibing one sentiment of gen 
erosity or humanity or even of honour. None 
however, were more boisterous than he for war. 
None proclaimed their own valour with so loud 
a voice. Yet none were more destitute of courage & 
more capable of treachery, baseness & cruelty. Yet 


with the sounding epithets of patriotism, honour & 
valour, he proceeded with great expedition to collect 
a chosen band, of dauntless warriors the consisted of 
Eighteen thousand warriors. Their martial appear 
ance entitled them to a commanded of more gener 
osity & valour than the nigardly <fc treacherous 

Nemapon, the King of Cataraugus made no was 
prompt to comply with the imperial requisition. 
Tho he prefered the scenes of peace & being very 
fond of study & of the mechanical arts, his mind 
was replenished with knowledge db & he took 
great pleasure in promoting works of inge 
nuity. He was famed for great wisdom & subtlety- 
penetration of mind, was capable of forming great 
plans & of prosecuting them with great vigour & per* 
severance. He was deliberate & circumspect in all 
his movements, but was always quick on any sudden 
emergency, to concert plans & to determine, had the 
full command of his mental powers in every situa 
tion. & even when dangers surrounded him, could 
instantly determine the best measures to be pursued. 
He prefered the scenes of peace, but could meet war 
with courage & firmness. At the head of a select 
band of Seventeen thousand men, all compleatly 
armed & anxious to meet the foe, he marched to join 
the grand Army. 

Not far behind appeared Ramack, the King of 
Geneseo. "With Furious & resolute, he had made the 
utmost expidition to collect his forces. Nor did he 
delay a moment when his men were collected & pre- 


pared to move. At the head of ten Thousand bold 
& robust wariors, he appeared at the place of gen 
eral rendezvoz, within one day after the King of 
Cataraugus had arrived. He bosted of the rapidity 
of his movements & tho he commanded the smallest 
division of the grand army, yet he anticipated dis 
tinguished laurels of glory, not less than what would 
be obtained by their first commanders. 

When these kings with their forces had all arived 
at Tolanga, the Emperor Rambock ordered them to 
parade on a great plain. They obeyed & and were 
formed in solid coilums. The Emperor then attended 
by his son Moonrod, his Counsellors & the high 
Priest presented himself before them. His garments 
glittered with ornaments, & a bunch of long feathers 
of various colours were placed on the front of his 
cap. His sword he held in his right hand & being 
tall <fc straight in his person, & having a countenance 
grave & bold, when he walked his appearance was 
majestic. He was the commander in chief & such 
was the high esteem <fc reverence, with which the 
whole army viewed him, that none were considered 
so worthy of that station. Taking a stand in front 
of the army he brandished his sword. All fixed their 
eyes upon him & gave profound attention. He thus 
made an address. 

Brave warriors. It is with the greatest satisfaction 
A joy, that I now behold you assembled to revenge 
one of the most flagitious Crimes of which man was 
ever guilty. Ingratitude & perfedy, seduction <fc 
Robery, <fc the most daring impeity against heaven 
have been perpetrated, within our dominions. The 


young Prince of Kentuck is the monster who has 
been guilty of these Crimes. Our most amiable 
daughter Lamesa he has seduced, & contrary to our 
will has transported her into his own country. Wish 
ing to avoid the effusion of human blood, we offered 
to withhold our revenge, if the Emperor of Kentuck 
would restore our daughter. But he has refused. 
He has implicated himself & all his subjects in the 
horrid Crimes of his son. Their whole land is now 
guilty & every man woman & child are the proper 
objects of severe chastisement. The great & Good 
Being is indignant towards them, & views them with 
the utmost detestation & abhorrence As we have 
received our power from him he requires that we 
should not only avenge our own wrongs, but likewise 
execute his vengeance on the perfidious ingrates & 
monsters of wickedness & impiety That this is his 
divine will has been clearly investigated by our holy 
prophets & priests, who have given us the most 
indubital positive assurance that success shall attend 
our arms, that we shall be enriched with the plun 
der of our enemies, that laurels of immortal fame 
will crown the achievements of our warriors, & that 
they shall be gloriously distinguished on the plains 
of Glory, like suns & stars in the firmement of 
heaven. Our cause is just, the celestial powers 
above are on our side, they have brandished theis 
swords & sworn that blood shall deluge the fair land 
of Kentuck. You have done well my Brave warriors 
that you have assembled around the standard of your 
Emperor. I will conduct you to the field of battle & 


direct your movements. My son Moonrod, whose 
arm like mine is not enfeebled by age, will mingle 
with the boldest combatants & lead you on to victory. 
By the most valorous exploits by blood <fc slaughter, 
we will convince our enimies that we are not cowards 
& poltroons. Their ridicule & derision shall be turned 
into mourning & lamentation. <fc we will teach their 
effeminate & luxurious government not to despise the 
hardy & brave sons of Sciota. 

In full confidence that we shall gloriously triumph 
& add immortal lustre to our names, we will now 
march forward we will & avenge the injuries done to 
the honour of our imperial government & the rights 
of our Empire & all the celestial beings above shall 
rejoice in the execution of divine vengeanoe. 

He said no more. The whole army with one voice 
proclaimed Long live the Emperor. We swear that 
he shall never find us Cowards <fc Poltroons. The 
Emperor then ordered them to march by divisions <fc 
each king to lead on his own subjects. They began 
their march toward the land of Kentuck. Their pro 
visions & baggage were borne on the backs of mam- 
mouth. Each man had a sword by his side & a spear 
in his hand. & on their breasts down to their hips <fc 
on their thighs they wore peices of mammouth skin 
to guard them from arrows & the weapons of death. 
& on their Caps they wore bunches of long feathers. 
Their garments were short so as not to encumber 
them in Battle. Thus equipped A mounted, they 
moved on in exact order until they arrived at the 
great River. Here they halted to provide boats to 
transport them across. Their baggage <fe provision 


were borne on the backs of their mamm mammouth, 
which carried prodigious loads 

And here we will leave them for the present dk take 
a view of the proceedings in Kentuck. 

When Labanco had presented to Hamboon the 
Emperor of Kentuck the declaration of war & related 
the proceedings of the Sciotan government he imme 
diately assembled his counsellors who unanimously 
agreed to make the most active & vigirous prepara 
tions for war. The Emperor sent forth his mandates 
to all the princes of his Empire requiring them to 
assemble the most courageous warriors, in their 
respective kingdoms & to march to the City of 
Gamba. All the princes of the Empire were quick to 
obey the requisition of their Sovereign. The army 
assembled & paraded on a great plain before the 
City. Hamboon attended by his two sons Elseon <fc 
Hanock, & by his counsellors & three of his principal 
priests, walked out of the city & presented himself 
before his army. 

His garments were of various colours & his Cap 
was adorned with a bunch of beautiful Feathers, 
which waved high in the wind. In his left hand he 
held a spear & in his right a sword. His countenance 
was bold & resonute, & such was his gracefulness & 
eloqution, when he spoke that all eyes were fixed 
upon him. & all ears were attention. 

Brave warriors My brave sons says he, I extremely 
regretted the necessity of calling you from your 
peaceful employments to engage in the bloody scenes 
of war. But such is the violence the malice & ambi- 


tion of the Sciotan government that nothing will 
satisfy them but hostilities between the Empires. 
They have proclaimed war even a war of extermina 
tion against our dominions. Nor was it in our power 
to prevent this most dreadful calamity, unless we tore 
asunder the bond of wedlock between the prince & 
princess of the Empire. A transported her like a 
Culprit into their dominions. This was the only 
alternative which they offered to accept, to prevent 
this terrible crisis. A why the rigor of this demand? 
Was it because the young Prince had violated any 
law either human or divine? No ; it was because the 
King of Sciota had fallen in love with the Princess, 
A wished to have her for his wife. But as she viewed 
him with the utmost hatred A disgust, he has been 
disappointed. To gratify his malice & revenge, he 
has roused the Sciotans to take arms, A threatens to 
deluge our lands with the blood of our citizens cfc to 
lay our country in ruins. It is a war on their part to 
gratify malice A revenge & nothing will satisfy their 
malignant passions but our compleate extermination. 
On our part it is a war of self defense of self preser 
vation, a defence which will extend to our wives & 
our children, A to all the blessings A endearments of 
life. We must either submit to behold our dearest 
friends expiring in agonies our property torn from us 
A our houses in flames A our dearest friends expiring 
in agonies A even like cowards suffer them without 
resistance to cut our own throats or we must meet 
them like men determine to vindicate our rights, A to 
retaliate all their intended mischiefs. Nor need we 
fear the event of the contest. Infinite benevolence 


will reward our situation. & grant us that assistance 
which will give success to our efforts. You, my brave 
sons will be inspired with courage, your hands will be 
strong for the Battle & their warriors will fall before 
you like corn before the reapers sickel. With all 
their mighty boasting & high confidence in their 
superior cunning & prowess, they are men formed of 
the same materials which we possess. Our swords 
will find a passage to their hearts, & the vital blood 
gushing forth they will fall prostrate at our feet. Let 
us march then with courage to meet the implacable 
foe, determined either to die gloriously fighting or to 
obtain victory. 

Having thus spoken, the whole army with a loud 
voice replied, Victory or death. Lead us on to vic 
tory. At the head of this army which consisted of one 
hundred & fifty thousand men, he marched toward 
the great River. They arived at the bank & beheld 
the Sciotas all busyly employed in making prepara 
tions to cross the River. 

The Empress, the Princess Lamesa, & the Emper 
ors daughters attended by a few friends & their serv 
ants arrived at the place where the army was 
encamped. As soon as Elseon heard the news of 
their arrival, he hastened to the place & found the 
company had alighted at an house & that Lamesa & 
her friend Holika were in a room by themselves. As 
soon as he entered Lamesa arose. The gloom & 
anxiety which were for a number of days displayed 
visible in her countenance at his appearance were 
dispelled. He received her into his arms with an 
affectionate embrace, & expressed the greatest pleas- 


ure at seeing her once more. The tears ran down 
her cheeks, for a moment she was silent, she raised 
her head <fe replied. O Elseon, were it not for you I 
should be the most wretched being in existence, & yet 
my love for you has been the cause of all my present 
affliction. If I had never seen you, those horrid 
prospects which now present themselves to my view, 
would never have been. But you are innocent, nor 
am I guilty of any crime. Buth how can I endure to 
behold the calamities which must fall upon both 
nations in consequence of our connection? Two 
empires at war, spreading carnage & ruin, warriors 
bleeding on the field of Battle, innocent women & 
children perishing in the agonies of death, <fc towns <fc 
cities in flames. Ah homed prospect. Have you & 
I my dear Elseon produced these dreadful calamities? 
Is our conduct the cause which must We are not says 
he, my dear Lamesa responsible for for the horrid 
effects of malice & revenge which may be occasioned 
by our innocent conduct. If men will be so indig 
nant towards each other, because we do right as to 
massacre & do all the mischief they can, we may 
deplore their weakness & depravity, but have no more 
reason, to make ourselvs unhappy on that account 
than if these effects were produced by some other 
cause. They alone are responsible for their crimes & 
have reason for unhappy reflections. 

But how can I endure, says she, to see my dearest 
friends become each others implacable enimy? To 
see them mutually engaged to destroy each others 
life? My Father for whom I ever had the greatest 
affection, & my only Brother are now at the head of 


one hostile army, & your father & you my dearest 
husband are at the head of the other. When these 
armies meet, should you not plunge your sword into 
the heart of my Father & my brother, & would they 
not do the same by you if in their power? When 
such scenes present themselves to my view, they 
pierce my soul like dagers. & produce the keenest 
anguish. O that I could fly to my Father & on my 
bended knees implore forgiveness. 

Yes, says Elseon, when you have done that, he will 
give you to the mighty Sambul for his wife. 

No, never says she, never would I submit. I abhor 
the monster more than ever. He is the most malig 
nant scoundrel in existence. To gratify his revenge 
whole Empires must be laid in ruins. What punish 
ment more just than that he himself should fall in 
battle. & endure the agonies which his vengeful soul 
is bringing on others? But as for my Father & my 
Brother, they have by his artifice been deceived. I 
conjure you if you have any regard for my happiness, 
not to take their lives if in your power. Rather than 
that my hands should be stained with the blood of 
your dearest friends I will present my bosom to their 
swords. There lives, says he, are safe from my 
sword, but hark, there is an alarm. An expres 
arived & informed him that the Sciotan army had 
found means to get their boats down the River in the 
night unperceived, & had landed without opposition 
about three miles below them the Kentuckian 
encampment Elseon then embraced his wife & said 
when your protection & my own honour call I must 
obey. He left her in tears imploring heaven to pro- 


tect him, & runing swiftly to the army he took his 


HAMBOON mounted on an eligant horse richly 
caparisoned, rode thro the encampment proclaiming 
aloud, every man to his station. Seize your arms 
& prepare for Battle. All his princes quick to obey 
his commands instantly repaired to their respective 
divisions. & gave orders to form their men into 
solid collums. When this was done, they marched 
a small distance to the pi & paraded on the great 
plain of Geheno. They were now prepared for the 
hostile engagement. Their officers of the highest 
Ranks marched along their in front of their divisions 
& by their speeches they inspired the men with bold 
ness & courage. They ardently wished to behold 
their enimies, A to have an opportunity of display 
ing their valour in their destruction. Hamboon then 
commanded his principal officers to assemble around 
him. When they were collected which was in front 
of the army, he thus addressed them. 

I wish for your opinion my brave 

NOTE. Pages 143 and 144 are missing. 

& heroic commanders had each a chosen band of 
warriors, who were ordered as soon as the battle 
should begin to march between the divisions & 
charge the enimy. in order to break their order <fc 
throw them into confusion The design of this arrange 
ment was to break their ranks & to throw them into 


The command of these bands were given to Elseon, 
Labanco Hanack & two counsellors of the Emperor, 
Hamul & Taboon. The momentous period had arived. 
Each grand army were now ready, were anxious for 
the combat, & sanguine in their expectations of 
obtaining a glorious victory. Musicians with instru 
ments of various kinds were now playing thro every 
division of both Armies. They blowed horns pipes 
& a kind of trumpet, & beat with sticks on little tubs 
whose heads were formed of parchments. The 
melody was truly martial & calculated to inspire each 
warrior with an ardent desire for battle & the most 
daring heroism. All was hushed. The musicians fell 
back in the rear. There was a perfect silence thro 
both armies. Each Emperor with their swords 
brandishing rode were in front & facing their respec 
tive armies. Near three hundred thousand spears 
were glittering with the reflection of sunbeams. Not 
a cloud to be seen in the east. The sun shone with 
unusual brightness, in the west a dark cloud began 
to arise & distant thunder was heard to rumble. 
Hambock .proclaimed with a voice which was heard 
from the right to the left March march my brave 
warriors, & fight like heroes. Hamboon saw them 
beginning to move but not changing his counte 
nance, which was placid & bold, he proclaimed. 
Stand firm my brave sons Let your arrows fly 
thick against your enimies as they advance & finish 
with your spears & your swords their destruction. 
The Musick again played & both armies gave a tre 
mendous shout. Spears & swords 
When the Sciotans had advanced with a firm & 


moderate step, within a small distance of Hamboons 
army, they both armies discharged arrows with with 
such unerring aim & celerity that many brave war- 
riors on both sides fell prostrate. Others were sorely 
wounded & retired back in the rear. Their places 
were immediately supplied & the second Rank coloped 
A took their stations in the front. Each man fixing 
his spear horizontaly & about as high as his breast 
the Sciotans rushed forward with heroic yels & horri 
ble shoutings & made a most tremendous & furious 
charge upon the Kentucks. They received them with 
firmness & courage spears met spears & many were 
bent or broken & others were thrust o~n~ both sides 
into the bodies of heroes, whose blood gushing forth 
they fell with horrid groans pale & lifeless on the 
sanguine plain. Neither army gave back, but being 
nearly equal as to strength & numbers they poured 
forth upon each other with a lavish hand the impli- 
ments the weapons of death & destruction Deter 
mined to conquer or die, it was impossible to 
conjecture which Emperor would have gained the 
victory had the divisions or bands in the rear of each 
army remained inactive. But anxious to mingle 
charge with the boldest warriors, the Ken tuck bands 
led on by their heroic princes rushed between the 
divisions of the grand army & made a most furious 
charge on the Sciotans. They broke thro* their 
ranks, piercing their indignant foes with deadly 
wounds. Heroes fell before them & many of the 
Sciotans being struck with surprise & terror, began 
to retire back. But the bands in the rear of their 
army instantly rushed forward, & met their furious 


combatants. The battle was now spread in every 
direction. Many valiant chiefs who commanded 
under their respective Kings, were overthrown & 
many thousand robost & brave warriors, whose 
names were not distinguished by office, were com- 
peled to receive deadly wounds & to bite the dust. It 
was Elseons fortune to attack the division led by the 
valiant Kamoff . He broke his ranks & killed many 
warriors. While driving them furiously before him, 
he met Hamkol at the head of many Thousand Scio- 
tans. Hamkol beheld the young Prince & knew him 
& being fired with greatest rage & thirst for revenge, 
he urged on the comabat with the most driving vio 
lence. Now, he thot was a favourable chance to 
gain immortal renown. Elseon, says he, shall feel 
the effects of my conquering sword. The warriors 
on both side charged each other, with incredible 
fury, & Elseon & Hamkol met in the centre of their 
divisions. I have found you says Hamkol perfidious 
monster, I will teach you to rob our Empire of its 
most valuable treasure. He spoke & Elseon replied. 
Art thou Hamkol, the counsellor of Hamback Your 
advice has produced this blood & slaughter. Ham 
kol raised his sword & had not Elseon defended him 
self from the blow he never would have spoken again. 
But, quick as the lightning Elseon darted his sword 
thro his heart Hamkol He knashed his teeth together 
& with a groanTtumbling headlong with a groan 

The battle raged. Labanco attacked the division 
of Sambul. His conquering sword had kiled two 
chief & his band performed the most brilliant exploits 


Sambul met him <t like an indignant panther he 
sprang upon him & while Labanco was engaged in 
combat with another chief Sambul thrust his sword 
into his side. Thus Labanco fell lamented & beloved 
by all the subjects of the Empire of Kentuck. 
Hamack His learning wisdom & penetration of mind, 
his integrety firmness & courage, had gained him 
universal respect & given him a commanding influ 
ence over the Emperor & his other Counsellors. He 
was viewed with such respect <fc reverence that the 
death of no man could have produced more grief & 
lamentation & excited in the minds of the Kentuck a 
more ardent thirst for revenge. The officers of his 
phalanx exclaimed Revenge the death of Labanco. 
Even lightning could not have produced a more 
instantaneous effect. With tenfoldrage & fury his 
warriors maintained the conflict & redoubled their 
efforts in spreading death & carnage. Even The 
mighty Sambul trembled at the slaughter of his sub- 
jects warriors & began to despair of victory he began 
to fearing that his intended revenge was turning upon 
his own head. During this slaughter of Sambuls 
forces Hamack was engaged in battle with Habelan 
King of Chiauga. No part of the war raged with a 
more equal balance. Warriors met warriors with 
such equal strength & courage, that it was impossible 
to determine on which side was the greatest slaughter, 
even their heroic chiefs prudently avoided a combat 
with each other & emploid their swords in overthrow 
ing those of less distinction. The field was covered 
with the bodies of heroes besmeared with blood, 


which was spread thick on every side. In the mean 
time Hamul & Taboon who led on the other reserved 
divisions of the Kentucks were fiercely engaged in 
spreading the war thro the ranks of the Sciotans 
Hamul compelled to the division commanded by 
Sabulmah to fall back, but still they fought as they 
slowly retreated, & being rein forsed by a body of 
troops in their rear, they continued the conflict & 
maintained their position. The slaughter was 
emence & each party boasted of the most brilliant 

Taboon made his attack on the division of Ulipoon, 
commanded by Harnelick. The Sciotan ranks were 
broken & they must have fled in confusion had not 
Rameck supported them with his division, warlike 
band. The contest now became bloody furious & 
equal feats of valour were displaid by contending 
heroes. The thirsty earth was overspread with the 
dead and dying bodies, of thousands & saciated their 
its thirst by copious draughts of human blood. 
Hamelick himself was slain, but not until his sword 
was crimsoned with the blood of his enimies But 
The dubious war appeared at last determined. Ham- 
back beheld his army giving ground on every hand. 
He rode throout their divisions & endeavored to inspire 
them with persvering courage. But in vain. They 
could not withstand the impetuosity the numbers & 
strength of their Enimies. Aided by the advantage 
they had obtained by the arrangement they had made 
to manage the conflict. The Sciotans began to retreat. 
Such was the situation of both armies that they 


the Sciotans must have principally been to overthrow 
& destroyed if the Kentucks had been permitted to 
continue the havoc & slaughter they had begun. But 
how often are the most sanguine expectations disap 
pointed by the decrees of heaven. At this awful 
period whilst the atmosphere was repleate with the 
multifarious sounds of the clashing of swords <fc 
spears, the playing melody of the martial musick 
- - - - the shouts of the conquerors & the shrieks <fc 
groans of the dying, even then the heavens were 
overspread with clouds of the most sable hue, which 
had blown from the West. The thunders roared 
tremendously & the flashes of lightning were incessant. 
The wind began to blow from the west with great 
violence the hail poured down from the clouds & was 
carried with great velocity full in the faces of the Ken- 
tucks. They were unable to see their enimy, or 
continue the conflict. Hambock & his princes immedi 
ately rallied their retreating forces <fe facing round 
encouraged them to fight courageously since the 
great & good Being had miraculously interposed in 
their behalf. The Kentuck army were unable to 
continue the conflict, they were obliged in their turn 
to retreat, but such was the violence of the storm 
that the Sciotans could not take any great advantage 
of the confusion of their enimies. They however 
pursued them to the hill which had been in the rear 
of the Kentucks, overthowing and kiling some in 
the pursuit. But as the hill was overspread with 
trees, which broke the violence of the wind Hamboon 
commanded his men to face their pursuers, The Scio 
tans finding that their enimies had the advantage of 


the ground, <fe being intolerably fatigued with the 
battle, which had lasted near four hours retired a 
small distance back, & as soon as the storm abated, 
they marched beyond the ground which was strewed 
thick with the slain. Thus ended the great battle on 
the plain of Geheno. Both There they encamped & 
as the storm had now subsided, both armies pro 
ceeded to make provision to refresh themselvs, being 
nearly exhausted by the fatcagus fatigues of a most 
bloody contest, which had lasted nearly five hours. 
That day afforded them no time to bury their dead. 
The sun did not tarry in his course, but hid himself 
below the horizon, & darkness spread itself over the 
face of the earth. The warriors with their spears in 
their hands extended themselvs upon the earth, & 
spent the night in rest & sleep. Next morning they 
arose with renovated vigour Their thots were 
immediately turned to the sanguine field. Many 
warriors say they, lie there pierced with mortal 
wounds & covered with with blood. Their spirits 
have assumed etherial bodies, & they are now receiv 
ing the rewards assigned to the brave on the plains of 
glory. But they demand of us that we should secure 
their remains from the voracious jaws of carnivorous 
beasts animals by intering them in the earth. But 
how can this be done unless both armies will mutually 
agree to lay down their arms during the interment, of 
the remains of their respective warriors. Hamboon 
dispached a messenger to Hambock who agreed to 
an armistice for the term of two days, & that ten 
thousand men might be emploid from each army in 


burying the dead. It was indeed a melancolly day. 
The conquest was not desided. Neither army had 
gained a victory, or had reason to boast of any 
superior advantage obtained or any heroic atchieve- 
ments which were not matched by contending war 
riors, an emence slaughter was made. Hear one hun 
dred thousand were extended breathless on the field. 
This was only the beginning of the war & what must be 
the dreadful calamities if it should continue to rage? 
If a few more battles should be faught, & the enfuri- 
ated conqueror should turn his vengeful sword 
against defenceless women & children & mingle their 
blood with the blood of heroes, who had fallen bravely 
fighting in their defence. When both armies viewed 
the the emence slaughter that had been made of their 
respective friends, instead of cooling their ardor for 
the war it only served to encrease their knowledge & 
their thirst for revenge. 

Ten thousand men from each army without arms 
marched to the field where the battle was faught, & 
having selected the bodies of their respective warri- 
ors, they carried as many of them together as what 
could be done with convenience <fe then diging into 
the ground about three feet deep ft throwing the 
dirt around in a circular form upon the edge of the 
grave they then deposited the bodies in it. covering 
the ground over which they had dug with the bodies 
& then placing others upon them until the whole were 
deposited. They then proceede to throw dirt upon 
them & to raise over them a high mound. In this man- 


ner they proceeded until they had finished the inter- 
ment The bodie8 of the chiefs that were slain were 
carried to their respective armies, & performing many 
customary solemnities of woe, they were intered & 
prodigious mounds of eart were raised over them. 
After the funeral rites were finished & the armistice 
had expired, the hostile Emperors must now deter^ 
mine on further plans of operations. 
The field was widely strewed & in many places thickly 
covered with human bodies extended in various posi 
tions on their sides their backs & faces. Some with 
their arms & Jegs_jwidely_spread, some with their 
mouths open & eyes stairing. Mangled with swords 
spears & arrows & besmeared with blood & dirt. Most 
hideous forms & dreadful to behold. Such objects 
excited horror & all the sympathetick & compassion 
ate feelings of the human heart As both Emperors 
had agreed to the suspension of arms for the pur 
pose of burying the remains of these of the heroic 
warriors, ten thousand men from each army entered 
the field & began the mournful employment. They 
dug holes about three feet deep & in a circular form, 
& of about twenty or thirty feet diameter. & in 
these they deposited the bodies of their decesed 
heroes & then raised over them large mounds of 
earth. The bodies of the chiefs who had fallen were 
carried to their respective armies, & buried with all 
the solemnities of woe. Over them they raised pro 
digious mounds of earth, which will remain for ages 
as monuments to comemorate the valiant feats of 
these heroes & the great battle of Gaheno. 


After the funeral Rites were finished, A the armis 
tice having expired, the hostile Emperors must now 
determine on further plans for operation. Hamback 
requested the advice of his principal officers, who 
were unanimous in their opinion that it was their best 
policy to retire back, to the hill, which was opposite 
to the place where they landed, & there wait for rein 
forcements. This they effected the next night with 
out being prevented by their enimy. Hamboon the 
next day marched toward them, but not thinking it 
good policy to attack them at present took possession 
of the hill in plain view of the Sciotans & there 
encamped with his whole army. As the Sciotana 
sallied out in parties to plunder & to ravage the coun 
try, these were pursued overtaken A met by parties 
of the Kentucks Many bloody skirmishes ensued with 
varous success, <fc many feats of heroism were dis- 
plaid on both sides. Wherever the Sciotans marched, 
devastation attended their steps, A all classes of peo 
ple without distinction of age or sex, who fell into 
their hands became the victims of their infuriated 
malice. The extermination of the Kentucks appeared 
to be their oject, not considering that it might soon 
be their turn to have such cruelties retaliated upon 
themselves with three fold vengeance. They likewise 
had a further object in view, hich was to provoke 
Hamboon to attack the main army, whilst posted in 
an advantageous situation But it was Hamboons 
policy by placing garrisons in different stations, A by 
patroling parties to prevent the Sciotand from plun 
dering & destroying his towns, A from obtaining pro 
visions from his country A in this way to compel them 


to cross the river or to attack his army in the poso- 
tion he had taken. While the two Emperors were 
thus manoevering & seeking by various arts <fc 
stratigems to gain an advantage over each other, a 
very extraordinary incident_of_heroi8m & the display 
of the most sincere & ardent friendship transpired, 
displayed transpired which is_worthy~_a_place on 
the historic page Insidents transpired of heroism <fc 
friendship. In the dominion of Hamboon there lived 
two young men who were bred in the same village, 
having minds formed for the exercise of the noblest 
principles & possessed of congenial tempers. They 
early contracted the greatest intimacy & formed 
towards each other the strongest attachment. They 
joined the standard of Hamboon & in the great battle 
of Gaheno they faught side by side & performed 
exploits equally bold & heroic they eat at the same 
board & drank of the same cup & in all their excur 
sions they attended each other & walked hand in 
hand. As these two friends were seting in their tent 
one evening, Theljard who was the oldest says to 
Hamkon something whisper to me that this night we 
can perform a most brilliant exploit The Sciotans 
have held a great festival & until midnight they will 
be employed in singing & in dancing & in various 
diversions. Being greatly fatigued, when they lie 
down to rest their sleep will be sound. We may then 
enter their camp by slyly getting round them by their 
centinels unperceived & make a most dreadful 
slaughter. Your plan replied Hamkion is excellent. 
It is worthy of the character of an hero. I will join 


you. I will either triumph with you in the success of 
the enterprize or perish in the attempt* Perhaps we 
may atchieve a glorious deliverance to our Country 
by destroying our cruel enimies. They both taking 
their swords & tomehauks repaired toward the camp 
of the Sciotans, in order to reconoiter & find where 
they could enter & not be perceived by the Centinals. 
The Moon shone bright but would set about three 
oclock in the morning This was the time they had 
fixed upon to begin the massacer of their enimies. 

At length all became silent, the moon disappeared 
A these young heroes had accomplished their plan in 
getting into the camp of the Sciotans unperceived. 
They found them lying in a profound sleep, for the 
fatigue of the day & revels of the night had bro t 
weariness upon them, & considering when they came 
down that the vigilence of their guards would secure 
them fro surprize, they slept with an unusual sound 
ness, but their vigilence could not prevent an unsus 
pected destruction. The Tomehauks & swords of 
these daring youth soon caused hundreds to sleep in 
eternal slumber, & so anxious were they to finish the 
destruction of their enimies that the day began to 
dawn, before they had cleared themselvs from the 
camp of their enimies Scarce however had they 
passed the last Centinal & the alarm was given. The 
Sciotans beheld a most terrible slaughter of their 
warriors, & being fired with indignation sallied forth 
in parties in every direction. Kelsock & Hamkoo 
had nearly gained the encampment of the Kentucks, 
& Hamkoon with a party of Sciotans had overtaken 
Hamko. Kelsock was so far in advance that he was 


now safe from all danger, but turning his eyes round, 
he beheld Hakoon seize his friend, who was attempt- 
ing to defend himself against the party. Kelsock 
turned instantly & runing furiously back cried, Spare 
oh spare the youth, he is innocent. I alone contrived 
the slaughter of the Sciotans, too much love to his 
friend induced him to join in the enterprize, Here is 
my bosom, here take your revenge. Scarce had he 
spoken & Haloon plunged his sword into the heart of 
Hamko. The young hero fell & with a groan expired. 
Kelsock instantly rushed upon Haloon & darted his 
sword thro his heart. Prostrate he tumbled at the 
feet of Hamkoo. But Kelsock could not long sur 
vive. A spear pierced him in the side. He cast his 
eyes on the lifeless body of his friend & fell on 
his lifeless body it, he embraced it & never breathed 
again. Ah heroic youths, in friendship ye lived & in 
life & death ye were joined. 

Forty days had now expired since the two armies 
had taken their different positions. Each had 
received large reinforcements which supplied the 
place of the slain. Experience had taught them to 
use stratigem instead of attacking under great dis 
advantages & yet to remain long in their present 
situation could not possibly terminate the war suc 
cess fully on the part of the Sciotans. Rambock 
considering the obsticles which attended the prose 
cution of every plan at last by the advice of Sambul 
& Ulipoon, determined on a most rash & desperate 
enterprize. An enterprize which would in a measure 
satiate their revenge, provided that it should even 
produce the annihilation of the army. As soon as 


darkness had overspread the earth at night, Rambock 
marched his whole army toward the City of Gamba. 
<fc such was the stillness of their movements that they 
were not perceived, nor was it known by Hamboon 
that they had marched until the morning light. As 
soon as the Kentucks found that the Sciotans found 
that had abandoned the place of their encampment & 
found the direction they had gone, they immediately 
pursued them with the utmost expedition. But too 
late to prevent the intended slaughter db devastation 
The Sciotans without delaying their march by attack 
ing any forts in their way, merely entered the vilages 
kiling the inhabitants who had not made their escape 
& burning their houses. They arived before the City 
of Gamba. Great indeed was the surprize & terror db 
consternation of the Citizens. Many fled to the fort. 
A band of about three thousand resolute warriors 
seized their arms, determined to risk their lives in 
the defence of the City. The leader of the band was 
Lamack the eldest son of Labanco. He inherited the 
virtue of his excellent Father & even thirsted to 
revenge his death, by sacrificing to his manes the 
bones of his cruel enimies. He posted his warriors 
in a narrow passage which led to the City. The 
Sciotan Emperor immediately formed his plan of 
attack. A large host selected from all the grand 
divisions of his army marched against them. They 
were commanded by Moonrod. He led them on 
against this galant & desperate band of Kentucks <fc 
made a most furious & violent charge upon them. 
Bat they were resisted with a boldness which will 
forever do honour to their immortal valour. Many 


hundreds of their enimies they peirced with their 
deadly weapons, <fc caused heaps of them to lie pros 
trate in the narrow passage. Such prodigious havock 
was made on the Sciotans by this small band of vali 
ant citizens who were driven to desperation & whose 
only object was to sell their lives dear to their eni 
mies. , that even Moonrod began to despair of forcing 
his way into the City thro this naroow passage. 
Being informed by a treacherous Kentuck of another 
passage, he immediately dispatched a band of about 
four thousand from his army to enter the city thro 
that passage & to fall upon the rear of the Kentucks. 
This plan succeeded. These heroes now found the 
war to rage both in front & rear & part facing their 
new assailants, they attacked their new assailants 
them with incredible fury. What could they do? 
Resistance was now in vain. They could no longer 
maintain the bloody contest against such a mighty 
host. Lamack then commanded the survivors of his lit 
tle band to break thro the ranks of his last assailants, 
& to retreat to the fort. It was impossible to withstand 
the violence of their charge. They broke thro the 
ranks of their enimies, & made a passage over the 
bodies of heroes, thro which the retreated & marched 
to the fort. About seven hundred with their valiant 
leader thus made their escape & arived safe in the fort 
The remainder of the three thousand sold their lives in 
defence of their friends & their country. This battle 
checked the progress of the enemy which prevented 
an emence slaughter of Citizens, as the greatest part 
had opportunity by this means to gain the fort. As 
soon as all resistance was overcome & had subsided, 


the Sciotans lost no time, but marched into the city 
& commenced a general plunder of all articles which 
could be conveniently transported. Ulipoon tho 
careful not to expose his person to the deadly 
weapons of an enimy, was however very industrious 
in this part of the war. None discovered so much 
engagedness as himself to grasp the most valuable 
property in the City. But expecting the Kentuck 
army to arrive soon, they must accomplish their mis 
chief with the utmost expidition. The City they sat 
on fire in various places & then retired back <fc 
encamped near the fort intending on the next day, 
unless prevented by the arival of Hamboon with his 
army, to storm the fort & massacer the whole multi 
tude of citizens which were there collected. Behold 
the conflagration of the city The flames in curls 
spread toward heaven, & as the darkness of the 
night had now commenced, this added to the horror 
of the scene. The illumination spread far & wide <fc 
distant vilages beheld the redning light assend. as a 
certain pioneer of their conflagration should the war 
contilnue to rage. But mark the sorrow & lamenta 
tion of the poor citizens now encircled by the walls of 
a fort. Happy that they had escaped the massacer 
of a barbarious unrelenting enimy, but indignant & 
sorrowful at beholding the ruins of all their property, 
& even filled with the greatest anxiety lest Hamboon 
should not arive in season to prevent the storming of 
the fort. But their anxiety soon vanished. 

When the shades of evening began to overspread 
the earth Hamboon & his army had arived within five 
miles of the city. They beheld the flames beginning 


to spread. The idea was instantly realized that an 
indiscriminate slaughter had taken place. What 
were the distracted outcries of the dwellers of the 
city. Fathers & mothers brothers & sisters wives & 
children? In addition to the destruction of all their 
property, they now had a realizing anticipation of the 
massacre of their dearest friends & relations. Such 
was their anxiety to precipitate their march that it 
was scarcely in the power of their commander to 
retard their steps, so as to prevent them from break 
ing the order of their ranks. They determined how 
ever to make the utmost expidition, & if they found 
their enimy to take ample vengence. But when they 
arived & found that the greatest part of the citizens 
were safe in the fort, this afforded no small allevia 
tion to their anxiety & grief. But their thirst for 
revenge & their ardent desire to engage the enimy did 
not in the least abate. 

Determined that the Sciotans should have no 
chance to improve the darkness of the ensuing night, 
to make their escape, every preparation was made to 
attack them the next morning. This was expected by 
the Sciotans who were wishing for another opportu 
nity to measure swords with the Kentucks. & as soon 
as the morning light appeared they marched a small 
distance to a hill & there paraded in proper order for 
battle. Scarcely had they finished their arrange 
ments when they beheld Hambooms army marching 
towards them. He halted within about half a mile of 
the Sciotans, & sent out a small party to reconoitre & 
discover their situation. In the meantime he ordered 
Hamack his son to march with twelve thousand men 


around the Sciotan army & lie in ambusl 
in order to surprize them with an attack 
battle should commence. 

As the two armies were paraded in fair view of 
each other the expectation was that a most bloody 
engagement would take place immediately. . The 
cowardly mind of Ulipoon was not a little terrified 
when he beheld the numbers & the martial appear 
ance of the enimy. But his inventive genius was not 
long at a loss for an expedient which he imagined 
would extricate himself from all danger. He repairs 
to Hambock & addressed him to this effect. May it 
please your your majesty. During the first battle it 
was my misfortune to be prevented from being at the 
head of my brave warriots & displying my valour. It 
is my wish now to perform feats of heroism which 
shall place me on equal ground with the most valiant 
princes of your Empire. With your permission I will 
lead on my division & storm the fort of the Kentucks. 
This will fill their warroiors with consternation & ter 
ror. You may then obtain an easy victory & destroy 
them with as much facility as you would so many 
porcupines. Besides by attacking the fort at this 
time when they are not expecting such a manoever, 
the imperial family will be prevented from making 
their escape & I shall then be able to restore to your 
majesty your daughter Lamesa. The Emperor being 
pleased with the plan granted to Ulipoon his permis 
sion to carry it into effect. Ulipoon did not wait a 
moment. But immediately returned back & com 
manded his forces which consisted of about seventeen 
thousand to march. He was careful to see that they 


carried with them at the same time all the plunder 
they had taken in the City of Gamba. & particularly 
that portion which had been set apart for himself. 
But nothing was further from the heart of Ulipoon 
than to fulfill his promise. He had no intention to 
risk his person in the hazardous attempt to storm the 
fort. But his determination was to march with the 
utmost expidition to his own diminions. & to carry 
with him his rich plunder. Having marched towards 
the fort until he had got beyond view of the Sciotan 
army. He then ordered them to turn their course to 
the great River to the place where they had left 
their boats. In this direction they had not pro 
ceeded far when they were seen by a number of 
pioneers whom Hamack had sent forward to make 
discoveries. As his band were not far distant, they 
soon gave him the intelligence. He immediately dis- 
pacht an express to Ilamboon, informing him that he 
should pursue them as their object probably was 
to ravage the country, & recommending not to attack 
the Sciotans until further information from him 
Hamacks division were not discovered by Uiipoon & 
of consequence he proceeded in his march without 
suspecting any anoiance from the enimy. happy in 
the reflection that he had greatly enriched himself by 
a prodigious mass of plunder & not in the least trou 
bled about his fellow warriors, whom he had deserted 
on the eve of a most hazardous engagement. Ham 
ack pursued him, but was careful not to be discovered. 
When the sun was nearly down Ulipoon halted & 
encamped. During the night, Hamack made his 
arrangements. He formed his men into four divisions 


& surrounded the enimy. Their orders were as soon as 
the morning light began to appear to rush into Uli- 
poons encampment & to massacer his warriors with 
out discrimination. The fatal moment had arived, & 
punctual at the very instant of time, the attack was 
begun on evey part. & such was the surprize & ter 
ror which it produced that the Sciotans were thrown 
into the utmost confusion, & it was impossible for 
their officers to form them into any order to make 
defence. Every man at last attempted to make his 
escape, but wherever they rushed forward in any 
direction, they met the deady spears of the Keatucks. 
It is impossible to describe the horror of the bloody 
scene, for even humanity recoils at beholding. 
Humanity sympathy & compassion must drop a tear 
at beholding the uproar & confusion, the distress & 
anguish, the blood & carnage of so many thousand 
brave warriors, whose great isfortune was to have a 
coward for their commander who were reduced to 
this situation by the cowardice 4 dk nigardly & avari 
cious disposition of their commander But only 
three thousand made their escape. As for Ulipoon 
he was mortally wounded & lay prostrate on the field 
After the slaughter was ended, in passing over the 
field of the Slain Hamack beheld this illfated prince 
an object truly pitiable to behold. In the agonies of 
death & wreathing under the most acute pains 
he explaims Alas my wretched situation. It was ava 
rice, cursed avarice which induced me to enagge in 
this horrid war & now my the mischief and cruelties 
I intended as a means to acquire wealth & agrandize- 


ment are justly turned upon my own head. He spoke 
& deeply groaning he breathes no more The galant 
Hamack droped a tear & feeling no enmity toward 
the lifeless remains of those who had been his enimies 
he ordered three hundred men to bury remain on the 
ground & commit their bodies to the Dust. This 
says he, is the will of him whose compassion is infinite 
He then directed Como his chief captain to pusue the 
survivors of Ulipoons army & to destroy them if pos 
sible. With the remainder of his own troops he 
returned back to cary into effect the order of Ham- 
boon. Como overtook & killed about a thousand of the 
wretched fugitives. The remainder escaped to their 
own land except about fifty who fled to the army of 
Hamboon & gave him the dreadful intelligence of 
Ulipoons destruction. Great were the amazement & 
consternation of Hambock & & his whole army. They 
now beheld their situation to be extremely critical & 
dangerous & saw the necessity of the most vigourous 
& heroic exertions. What says Hambock to his 
princes, is our wisest Course to pursue? Sabamah, 
Hancoll & Wunapon advised him to retreat without 
losing a moment, for say they we have taken ample 
revenge for the crime of Elseon. To effect this, we 
have thrown ourselvs into the heart of their country, 
have lost a large division of our army & are so weak 
ened by our losses that we are in the utmost danger 
of being defeated, & even annahilated. It must 
therefore be the hight of folly & madness to prosecute 
the war any further in this country But Sambul &the 
other other princes condemned this plan as pusilani- 
mous & disgraceful & proposed to steal a march on the 


Kentucks & to storm their fort, before be ore they should 
be apprized of their design. This last advice met the 
approbation of the Emperor, Nothing says he can 
save our army from destruction but the most daring 
atchievements. That they might gain the fort with 
out being perceived by the Kentucks, It was neces 
sary that they should march some distance in the 
direction where Hamack had encamped in order to 
cooperate with Hamboon, when he should commence 
the engagement. When the night had far advanced 
Hambocks forces were all "in readiness <fc began their 
inarch for the fort. They proceeded about two miles 
& a small party in advance discovered Hamacks 
warriors. This discovery produced an alter ation in 
Hambocks plans. He directed Sambul to proceed 
against the fort, whilst he as soon as the light should 
appear would attack Hamack. Sambul was highly 
pleased with this command, as a victory would ensure 
him the capture of Lamesa. & afford him an oppor 
tunity to obtain revenge. He arived at the fort just 
as the blushing moon began to appear. Great indeed 
was the surprize which his arival produced^ On three 
sides he stationed small parties, who were ordered to 
massacre all the citizens, who should attempt to make 
their escape. With the main body of his army, he 
made an assault upon the fort. Amazement & terror 
seized the minds of the whole multitude of citizens 
in the fort. This enterprize of the Sciotans was 
unexpectected^as they were were unprepared to defend 
the fort against such a formidable force. Lamack 
however placed himself at the head of about one 


thousand warriors, & attempted to beat them back 
from the wall & prevent their making a breach. 
But it was impossible with his small band to withstand 
the strength of such a mighty army. They broke 
down part of the palisades and entered the fort thro 
the breach & immediately began the massacre of the 
defenceless multitude without regard to age or sex. 
Sambul being anxious to find Lamesa, rushed for 
ward with a small band & surrounded a small block 
house He then broke down the door & entered. Here 
he beheld all the ladies of the imperial family & many 
other ladies of distinction. He instantly sprang 
towards Lamesa in order to seize her, but was pre 
vented by Heliza, who stept between them & falling 
upon her knees implored him to spare the life of 
Lamesa. Scarce had she spoken when the cruel 
monster buried his sword in her bosom, & she fell 
lifeless before the eyes of her dearest friend. Lamesa 
gave a scream & looking fiercely on Sambul she 
exclaimed, Thou monster of villiany & cruelty, could 
nothing satiate your revenge but the death of my dear 
friend, the amiable Haliza? Here is my heart I am 
prepared for your next victim. Ah no, says Sambul, 
your life is safe from my sword. I shall conduct you 
to my palace & you shall be honored with me for your 
partner. Insult me not says she, thou malicious 
bloody villian. Either kill me or begone from my 
sight. My eyes can never indure the man who is 
guilty of such monstrous crimes. Set your heart at 
rest says he, my dear Lamesa. I will convince you 
that I am a better man than your beloved Elseon. 
His head shall soon satiate my revenge. & then you 


shall be the queen of Sciota. At this instant a loud 
voice was heard. The Kentucks are marching with 
a prodigious army toward the fort. Sambul turning 
to his warriors present ordered them to guard the 
women in that house, & not permit any of them to 
escape. For, says he, I must go and destroy that 
army of Kentucks. Great already had been the 
slaughters which the Sciotians had made of the citi 
zens in the fort. Those who had attempted to escape 
by a gate which was thrown open were met & massa 
cred by the Sciotan warriors on the utside, but their 
progress was arested by the appearance of Elseon at 
the head of thirty thcmsand warriors. They had 
marched with the greatest speed, for they were 
informed by an express that the Sciotanshad invested 
the fort. When Sambul beheld them he instantly 
concluded to withdraw his army out of the fort, & to try 
a battle with them in the open field. The orders were 
immediately spread thro every part of the fort where 
his men were employed in killing the defenceless & in 
fighting with the little band of desperate heroes, 
whom Hamack commanded. The Sciotans were soon 
formed & marched out of the fort & paraded in proper 
order for battle. Elseon observing this commanded 
his two men to halt, & made his arrangements to rush 
forward & commence the attack. Having brandished 
his sword as a token for silence, he then spoke. 

"My brave warriors," The glorious period has 
arived, for arived us to display our valour in the 
destruction of our enimies. What monstrous cruel 
ties have they perpetrated? Behold your city in 
ruins, listen to the cries of your murdered friends 


whose innocent blood calls for vengeance. Consider 
the situation of those who are surrounded by the walls 
of yonder fort, how many thousand are massacred. 
& how many must share their fate unless you fight 
like heroes. By our valour we can effect their deliv 
erance & rid our land of the most disgraceful mur 
derers that ever disgraced humanity. Their standard 
is that of the Sciotan king, whose malice & vengeful 
disposition have produced tis horrid war. Urged on 
by his malignant passions, he has engaged under 
taken a most desperate & mad enterprize. He has 
thrown himself & his army into a most critical <fc dan- 
gerous situation 

Fight as you did at the great battle of Gaheno & your 
enimies will lie prostrate in the dust, & your name 
shall be illustrious. Rush forward my brave warri 
ors, <fc let your motto be victory or death. 

Not a moment when his warriors were stimulated 
for the combat did Elseon tarry, but marched with 
precipitation prepared to make a most furios charge. 
Sambul was ready to meet him, & marched forward 
with equal boldness & celerity. The charge was tre 
mendous, not the dashing against each other of two 
mighty ships in a hurricane upon the boistrous ocean 
would have been more terrible. Each warrior fear 
less of danger met his antagonist, determined to 
destroy his life or loose his own in the contest. The 
battle extended thro every part of both armies. As 
warriors fell in the front ranks their places were sup 
plied from the rear. & reserved Bands rushing 
between the divisions were met by others of equal 


strength & valour. Helicon, the intimate friend of 
Elseon beheld Sambul who was encouraging his war 
riors to fight bravely. As no other alternative 
remained for them but victory or death. When 
Helicon beheld him, his youthful mind felt the 
impulse of ambition. He sprang toward Sambul <fc 
challenged him to the combat. Sambul gave him 
no time to repeat the challenge but rushed upon him 
with more fury than a tiger. & with his sword he 
struck Helicons head from his body. Thus fell the 
brave the amiable youth, whose thirst for glory 
impeled him to attempt an exploit too rash & daring. 
Warriors fell on every side & the field was covered 
with the dead & dying heroes. A messenger ran <fc 
told Elseon of the fate of Helicon who commanded 
the left wing of his army & that Sambul had broken 
the ranks & was making indiscribible havock of his 
warriors. What intelligence could have been more 
shocking. Elseon could not refrain from tears for a 
moment. Ah Helicon says he, thou hast been more 
dear to me than a brother. Heaven demands that I 
should avenge thy cruel death. He instantly selected 
a small band & marched with the utmost speed to the 
left wing of his army, he ralied his retreating warri 
ors & engaged in the conflict with tenfold fury. Soon 
he beheld the mighty Sambul whose sword was crim 
soned with the blood of his friend, & Sambul cast his 
eyes upon him & as he beheld him his malice instantly 
inkindled into such a furious flame that his reason 
fled for a moment & he raved like a madman, both 
heroessprang towards each other. Their warriors 
beheld them & being mutually inspired with the same 


sentiments the respective bands retired back, & left 
the two indignant champions in the space between. 

Ah ingrate exclaimed Sambul. Robber & perfidi 
ous scoundrel, after securing the Emperors daughter 
& who was my wife & transporting her from our 
dominion have you the temerity to meet my conquer 
ing sword? This sword which pierced Labanco & cut 
of the head of Helicon & which has destroyed hun 
dreds of warriors more mighty than yourself, shall be 
plunged into your cowardly heart, & your head shall 
be carried in triumph into the City of Tolanga, & 
there it shall be preserved as a trophy trophy of my 
superior strength & valour. 

Vain boaster says Elseon I rejoice to meet you; 
that The Benevolent Being will now terminate your 
career of bloody crime. This sword shall pierce your 
malignant heart, & cut of that head which has ploted 
the ruin of my country. 

Sambul eager for revenge could hear no more He 
sprang forward aimed a thrust of his sword at Else- 
ons heart but Elseon turned the point of his sword 
from him with his own & then darted his sword into 
his left arm. which caused the blood to gush forth. 
Sambul was now more indignant than ever. & rais 
ing his sword he threw his whole strength into one 
mighty effort with the intention to divide his body 
in twain, but Elseon quick as the lightning sprang 
back & Sambuls sword struck the ground with a 
prodigious force, which broke it in the middle. He 
himself had nearly tumbled his whole length but 
recovering & beholding his defenceless situation, he 


ran a small distance, A seizing a stone sufficiently big 
for a common man to lift, he threw it at Elseon. It 
flew with great velocity & had not Elseon bowed his 
head his brains must have quited their habitation. 
His Cap however was not so fortunate. Having met 
the stone as he bowed it was carried some distance 
from him & lodged on the ground. Elseon regardless 
of his Cap ran swiftly upon Sambul whose feet hav 
ing slipped when he threw the stone had fallen upon 
his back & had not recovered. Spare oh, spare my 
life says he, & I will restore peace to Kentuck & you 
may enjoy Lamesa. No peace says Elseon, do I 
desire with a Man, whose sword is red with the blood 
of my friend. He spoke & plunged his sword into 
Sambuls heart. The Sciotans beheld the huge body 
of their King pale & lifeless. Consternation & terror 
seized their minds. They fled in dismay & confusion. 
Elseon pursued them with his warriors & overtook & 
killed thousands in the pursuit. About two thousand 
made good their escape, & carried the doleful tidings 
of Sambuls death & the slaughter of his army to their 
own land, & indeed their escape was owing to the 
great anxiety of Elseon & his warriors to visit their 
friends in the fort & to ascertain the extent of the 
massacre that Sambul & his army had made. After 
pursuing the Sciotans about six miles Elseon & his 
army returned in great haste & entered the fort. 
Great inexpressibly great was the joy of the citizens 
when they beheld them re-turning with the laurels of 
Victory. & when they were informed of the destruc 
tion of so many thousands of their enimies. But as 
great was the grief & lamentation when they beheld 


& reflected on the vast number of citizens & of Else- 
ons warriors who hud fallen by the sword of the 
Sciotans. But no death produced such universal 
regret & sorrow as those of Helicon & Heliza. The 


one was the intimate friend of Elseon & the other of 
Lamesa. They both possessed hearts which were 
formed for the most ardent friendship & love. Their 
acquaintance produced a sincere attachment. They 
exchanged vows of perpetual fidelity & love to each 
other, & only waited for the termination of the war to 
fulfill their mutual engagement, to unite their hands 
in wedlock. But their pleasing anticipation of con 
jugal felicity was destroyed by the cruel sword of 
Sambul. Naught availed the innocence & the amia 
ble accomplishments of the fair Haliza. She must 
fall a victim to satiate the revenge of a barbarous 
tyrant. Had Helicon known when he attacked the 
savage monster, that he had Iwd assassinated his 
beloved Heliza, it would have inspired him with the 
added desire for revenge & added vigour to hia arm 
& keenness to hu sword. Ah, said A Kentuck bard 
represented the etherial form of Ileliza as arriving on 
the celestial plain, & being told that she must wait a 
short time & Helicon would arrive & conduct her as 
his partner to a delightful bower which was sur 
rounded by the most beautiful flowers & delicious 
fruits, & where they singing of musikal birds would 
charm them with their melody. 

When Elseon had entered the fort he found that 
Lamack with his little band had made prisoners of 
the Sciotan warriors whom Sambul had left to guard 
the imperial ladies, & that the Sciotans had done 


them no injury nor even insulted them with words. 
Says Elseon, for this honourable treatment of my 
friends I will show these enimies compassion. Go, 
says he to them, return in peace to your own land, A 
tell your friends that Elseon will not hurt an enimy 
who has done him a favour. The time of Elseon was 
precious. He spent but a few moments with Lamesa, 
in which they exchanged mutual congratulations & 
expressions of the most tender & sincere affection. 
She conjured him to spare the life of her father & 
brother & not to expose his own life any farther than 
his own honour & the interest of his country required. 
I shall cheerfully says he, comply with every request 
which will promote your happiness. He embraced 
her, & bade her adieu. As the situation of Ham- 
boons army might require his immediate return, he 
lost no time to regulate matters in the fort. But 
leaving five thousand men to bury the dead and attend 
the citizens he marched with the remainder which 
consisted of about twenty thousand to Hamboons 
encampment. When Sambul marched with his divi 
sion against the fort, it was Hambocks intention to 
have attacked Hamack the next morning, but per 
ceiving that Hamboon had been apprized of his 
movements & was then within a small distance ready 
to cooperate with Hamacks division, Hamback altered 
his plan & determined to wait for the return of 
Sambul. As for Hamboon he concluded to wait until 
Elseons return. These determinations of the hostile 
Emperors prevented for the time any engagements 
between the two grand armies. But when the fate 
of Sambuls division was decided <fc Elseon had 


returned with the joyful news of his victory, the 
Kentucks were all anxious for an immediate Battle. 

NOTE. This was found with the foregoing manuscript and in 
the same handwriting. 

But having every reason to place the highest confi 
dence in your friendship & prudence I have no reluc 
tance in complying with with your request, in giving 
you my sentiments of the Christian Religion. And so 
far from considering the freedom you take in making 
the request impertinence I view it as a mark of your 
high esteem for me affectionate solicitude for my hap 
piness. In giving you my sentiments of the Chris 
tian religion, you will perceive that I am not trameled 
with traditionary & vulgar prejudice that I do not 
believe certain parts <fc certain parts & certain propo 
sitions to be treu merely because that my ancestors 
believe them & because they are popular. In form 
ing my creed I bring everything to the standard of 
reason, that intellectual This is an unerring & sure 
guide in all matters of faith & practice. Having 
divested myself heretofore of traditionary & vulgar 
prejudice, & submiting to the guidance of reason it 
is impossible for me to have the same sentiments of 
the Christian religion which its advocates con 
sider as orthodox. It is in my view a mass of 
contradictions. & an heterogeneous mixture of 
wisdom & folly, nor can I find any clear & incon- 
trivertible evidence of its being a revelation from 
an infinitely benevolent & wise God. It is true 
that I never have had the leisure nor patience 
to read the elaborate & varied productions of divines 


in its vindication, every part of it with critical atten 
tion or tostudy the metaphysical jargon of divines in 
its vindication. It is enough for me to know that 
propositions which are in contradiction to each other 
oannot both be true, & that doctrines & facts which 
represent the supreme being as a barbarous & cruel 
tyrant can never be dictated by infinite wisdom. 
Whatever the clergy say on the contrary can have no 
effect in altering my sentiments. I know as well as 
they that two & two make four, <fc that three angles 
of a triangle of a triangle are equal to two right 
angles. But notwithstanding I disavow any belief in 
in the divinity of the Bible, <fc consider it as a mere 
human production designed to inrich & agrandize its 
authors & to enable them to manage the multitude. 
Yet casting aside a considerable mass of rubbish & 
fanatical rant, I find that it contains a system of eth 
ics or morals which cannot be excelled on account of 
their tendency to amiliorate the condition of man. & 
to promote individual social & public happiness & that 
in various instances it represents the Almighty as 
possessing attributes worthy of transcendent charac 
ter, having a view therefore to those parts of the 
Bible which are truly good <fc excellent I sometimes 
speak of it in terms of high commendation. And 
indeed I am inclined to believe that notwithstanding 
the mischief s& in juries which have been produced by 
the bigoted zeal of fanatics & interested priests yet that 
such evils are more than counterbalanced in a Chris 
tian land by the benefits which result to the great 
mass of the people by their believing that the Bible is 
of divine origin. & that it contains a revelation from 


God. Such being my view of the subject, I pre fer 
my candle to remain under to remain under a bushel, 
nor make no exertions to dissipate their happy delu 
sion, as 

NOTE OF COPYIST. On the other side of the paper on which 

the above is written & in what seems the same hand is 

the following: 

Itham Joyner privlg to erect Mill, & the pvlg of wtr. 
Wright has prefern & he next. To fix to take out wtr 
for himslf & to be at one J- expense of keeping dam in 
repair. If wishing to sell to gv Wrt pvlg buing if 
dont buy to sel to another his works but not pvlg of 
wtr I. Joyner & W. Brigham agree to build a house 
for their use. Sd B. to 6 feet on the water below the 
width of the house & J to have for six feet & B. to 12 
feet on the same side in the rear bank & 12 feet of the 
garret, to be at equal expense in the water works. 
To be at equal expense in the partitions of the rooms. 

The Writing s of Sollomon Spaulding Proved by sir on 
Wright Oliver Smith, John N Miller & others. 
The testimonies of the above Gentlemen are now in my 
uossession. Signed